Recreational health-improving function of tourism

Recreational health-improving function of tourism

Today, tourism is one of the priority directions of organizing the free time of a modern person, since it allows you to realize a whole range of needs for full and varied rest, entertainment, and knowledge of the surrounding reality.

M. ... Birzhakov considers tourism as a unique means of health improvement and recreation. The functions of tourism not only correspond to rehabilitation tasks, but also include various mechanisms of adaptation and self-adaptation, subject to active participation in the process of the personality itself. Tourism offers great opportunities for solving the problems of social adaptation. It is a kind of leisure activity of the younger generation. Tourism is able not only to realize the leading functions of leisure, fill it with knowledge, spiritually rich communication, social and cultural creativity, but also act as an effective means of social adaptation of a teenager in a new environment.

The possibilities of tourism in the social adaptation sphere are so great that it can be considered as one of the best means of social adaptation. The potential of tourism is due to an integrated approach to education based on the continuity of educational, upbringing and health-improving processes, to the spiritual, moral and physical development of adolescents. In addition, tourist activity, motivated by the personally significant and socially valuable needs of the child, acts as a condition for the self-education of the individual. The most important functions of tourism, which determine its social essence, are recreational and health-improving, developing, social-status, reproducing, integration

The recreational and health-improving function of tourism is manifested in providing a variety of experiences and meeting the recreational needs of the individual. Tourist activity has a positive effect on the physiological, mental state, working capacity and social activity of a person.

The developmental function is expressed in creating conditions for increasing the intellectual level of a person, in the process of involving tourists in cultural, educational and educational programs. Knowledge of the history, culture, life of other peoples carries a huge potential, enriching a person, expanding his horizons.

The social and status function of tourism is that it becomes an important indicator of a person's social status, an indicator of the quality of his life.

The reproductive function is aimed at restoring the forces expended in the performance of everyday household duties, tourism helps to restore the mental resources of a person. At the same time, the rest is active in nature, including a variety of entertainment that help to distract and explore the world more broadly, to get acquainted with various traditions and customs.

The integration function of tourism is manifested in its humanistic orientation, the ability to contribute to strengthening peace and mutual understanding among peoples.

Tourism creates an environment of full-fledged communication in which a person with problems interacts with different people, establishes social contacts and has the opportunity to fulfill various social roles. Recreational and health tourism acts as an ecological type of activity. A favorable climate, beautiful nature, the proximity of water bodies, the presence of natural monuments - all this contributes to a positive psycho-emotional mood, which is also a rehabilitating factor. Huge opportunities are presented for personal development. The interaction of adolescents in a tourist group allows them to develop the ability to obey group discipline, to form communication skills, to correlate their interests with the interests of others, i.e. serves as an important factor in the socialization of a teenager.

It should also be noted that tourist travel allows a teenager to perceive himself as a member of a certain socio-cultural community. This is precisely the position that the young Belarusian scientist E. Ryabova. This can explain the desire of adolescents to meet peers from other regions, countries, the desire to see with their own eyes life outside their homeland.

To summarize, tourism has tremendous potential to contribute to social adaptation, provide a variety of experiences and meet recreational needs. Correctly organized tourist activity has a positive effect on the physiological, mental state, working capacity and social activity of the individual.

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