Mineral waters in spa treatment: types, benefits and recommendations

Mineral waters in spa treatment: types, benefits and recommendations

Caucasian Mineral Waters is a specially protected resort region in the mountains of the North Caucasus. This is one of the most popular Russian resorts, known for its natural beauty, mild climate and unique historical monuments.

The "highlight" of the Caucasian mineral waters, which made this resort famous throughout the world, are healing mineral springs.

More than seven hundred thousand tourists come here every year: to improve their health or just enjoy the pristine beauty.

Sources of Mineral Waters

There are more than three hundred sources of various origins on the territory of the region, let's highlight some of the most famous:

  • Sources of narzan (carbonic mineralized waters). Located in Kislovodsk.
  • Pyatigorsk mineral water. It contains a high content of silicon and carbon dioxide. It treats diseases of the skin, mouth, etc.
  • Chloride-bicarbonate sodium waters, located in the city of Essentuki.
  • Calcium waters are located in Zheleznovodsk.
  • Thermal, chloride-hydrocarbonate sodium waters. The temperature of thermal waters can reach sixty degrees. The springs are located in the town of Goryachy Klyuch.
  • Another popular destination in the Caucasian mineral waters is mud therapy. The source of healing mud is the Tambukan Lake. The mud from this lake contains a large amount of mineral salts and other trace elements that heal the human body.

As good as water and mud, the climate here heals the body. In the north of the mineral waters it is moderately continental, in the south it is closer to the steppe. The sun shines here almost all year round, winters are warm and there are practically no winds.

The air should be mentioned separately: it is clean, without harmful impurities. Residents of dusty megalopolises can only dream of such air.

How to get there

There are several ways to get to the waters:

  • By plane. Mineralnye Vody airport is connected by air with many other airports in Russia. If you fly from Moscow, the flight time will be 1 hour 50 minutes.
  • By train. Trains run to the Caucasian Mineral Waters from almost all corners of Russia. The travel time will take longer than by plane, but here it is more convenient for someone.
  • By car. If you have your own personal transport, then that's great! You can get to the mineral waters by car, spending several hours on the way (depending on the distance).


There is an opinion that mineral water at balneological resorts is useful for all diseases. Is this so?

For all kinds of diseases, balneotherapy is an integral part of the treatment process - the use of mineral water for therapeutic purposes. Moreover, it can be mineral water for drinking treatment or external use: baths, irrigation, showers, etc.

Medicinal mineral water means water from a natural source, which contains salts, organic elements, gases and other chemical compounds that impart properties to the water, thanks to which a healing effect is achieved - unlike drinking. Water is extracted from natural sources or wells, under conditions that ensure microbiological purity and stability of the composition.

The healing power of water has been known since time immemorial, even the ancient Greeks and Romans built temples near the springs (for example, in honor of Aesculapius or Asclepius, the patron saint of medicine), the father of hydrotherapy is considered the Roman healer Galen, who was the first to practice health bathing in the thermal baths. Already in our time, archaeologists have discovered a hydropathic establishment, the construction of which dates back to the 4th century BC. ... But even today, after many centuries, people still use mineral water for healing.

Mineral water classification - what is taken into account

What are the criteria on the basis of which water can be classified as mineral? The main indicators are:

  • features of the chemical composition: distinguish between chloride, alkaline, sulfate, magnesium, and mixed forms;
  • acidity: distinguish between slightly acidic, acidic, neutral, weak and alkaline;
  • temperature: cool, cold, warm, hot, also called thermal, overheated;
  • mineralization - the amount of minerals in the water, expressed in grams per liter of water. All mineral waters can be divided into low, medium and high mineralization, there are also brines. For internal use, as a rule, low and medium mineralization are used, brines - for baths, for this, water is used in dilution;
  • by the content of chemical elements: iodine, bromide, ferruginous, siliceous, radon, etc.

However, given the degree of mineralization, water for internal use can also be divided into a dining room (with a content of up to 1 g in a liter of water), medical and dining room (up to 10 g/l), and medical water - more than 10 g of mineral water. substances per liter, it is also possible with a low degree of mineralization, a high content of chemical elements: bromine, hydrogen sulfide, iron, etc.

It should be borne in mind that table water does not have medicinal properties; pleasant to the taste, it can be used internally. It can often be found on store shelves. But it should be borne in mind that it is usually carbonated to enhance taste or preservation. Such water can cause exacerbation of the disease in patients with stomach ailments. It is also not worth cooking on it, because at the high temperature required for cooking, compounds that are not assimilated by the body are formed.

Medicinal table water can have a healing effect only with proper use, it can be drunk as a preventive measure, but if used excessively, it can change the salt balance in the body, which will not benefit health.

Medicinal mineral water has a healing effect, it is used both for drinking and for hydrotherapy: bathing, showering, bathing and even inhalation. In this case, you should follow the recommendations regarding the dose, temperature, course duration, etc. It is worth considering that medicinal water can be of any mineralization, for example, Essentuki No. 20 or Narzan refer to low-mineralized medical-table species, Essentuki No. 4 - medium mineralization, Batalinskaya - with a high mineral content, and Truskavets Naftusya - although slightly mineralized water, but has a healing effect due to the substances it contains.

Mineral water in balneology

The Caucasian Mineral Waters region is a unique group of resorts, where it is pleasant to go at any time of the year. But the best time for a trip is early autumn, when the sun does not bake so hot and the rich southern harvest of fruits and vegetables has already ripened. Officially, the KMV includes 7 cities, but only 4 of them can be attributed to the resorts: Pyatigorsk, Essentuki, Zheleznovodsk and Kislovodsk. There are so many mineral springs in these cities, and the water in them is of such quality that the region is rightfully considered the only one of its kind in all of Eurasia. And even if Narzan is not to your taste, you can improve your health in any case - with the help of healing baths, wraps and mountain air.

Anastasia Kazenkova

How to get there

If you decide to go to the KMV resorts by car, the travel time from Moscow to Mineralnye Vody will be about 18 hours - the distance between cities is 1555 kilometers. It takes a little longer to get from St. Petersburg - about 25 hours. A long journey will be justified upon arrival: with your own car, you can visit other picturesque places in the vicinity of KMV. For example, go to the Narzan Valley or the Blue Lakes. On the other hand, you can always book additional excursions there at any of the local tourist offices.

Mineralnye Vody Airport is one of the largest air ports in Russia, so many national and foreign airlines have direct flights here, including Pobeda, Aeroflot, KLM, Airfrance. The price for them differs slightly depending on the season and in September ranges from 2300 to 6000 rubles from Moscow and from 3000 to 6000 rubles from St. Petersburg. The flight time will be 3 hours from St. Petersburg and a little more than 2 hours from Moscow.

Most trains from Moscow or St. Petersburg go only to the city of Mineralnye Vody, and then you need to change to another mode of transport to get to one of the resort cities. The only trains that call, in addition to Mineralnye Vody, also to Pyatigorsk, Essentuki and Kislovodsk, are 049A Petersburg - Kislovodsk and 004M and 083M Moscow - Kislovodsk. The fastest of them, 004M, will take you from Moscow to Mineralnye Vody in almost 22 hours. On average, such a trip will take about one and a half days. Ticket prices range from 2800 to 22 350 rubles, depending on the class of service.

Since the city of Mineralnye Vody is the main transport hub of the region, it is easy to get here by bus. For example, the road from Stavropol will take about 3 hours and cost 500 rubles. From Rostov-on-Don, the fastest bus will take you to Mineralnye Vody in 7 hours and 1500 rubles. The road from Krasnodar will take about 8 hours and will cost a thousand rubles. There are also flights from other southern cities, for example from Sochi (about 15 hours on the way, cost about 2300 ₽), Astrakhan (10 hours, 2000 ₽) and Volgograd (12 hours, 2250 ₽).

How to get from MinVod airport to resort cities

Moving between cities

Between the cities of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, you can get around by buses and electric trains, which regularly depart from local railway and bus stations. But the most convenient transport here is considered to be intercity route taxis. If you missed the minibus, you can always use a taxi on call, for example: “Yandex. axi ”, Gett, Real KMV, Red Taxi (hereinafter referred to as“ private taxi ”these services will be understood).

KMV resorts on the map

The city of Mineralnye Vody is the biggest snag in the region. According to the name, many suggest to see here narzan galleries and pump rooms of mineral springs, orderly rows of sanatoriums and boarding houses, green parks and promenade embankments. There is none of this in the city. Mineralnye Vody performs a completely different task: it is the main gateway to the Caucasian Mineralnye Vody region. There is an international airport, a railway junction and two bus stations. Resort visitors from Russia and other countries come here to then go to a permanent vacation spot in other cities. It happened historically, and over time nothing has changed here - Mineralnye Vody proudly carries the banner of the main transit point of the KMV and is not at all going to surprise you with either the beauty of the landscape or resort attractions.

Among other cities of the Caucasian Mineral Waters, Pyatigorsk can be called the most developed. There are three main reasons for this. First, it is the capital of the North Caucasus Federal District. Secondly, there are several prestigious universities here at once, the main of which is PSU, where thousands of students from other cities come to study every year. Thirdly, in Pyatigorsk, thanks to a TV tower on Mount Mashuk, its own TV channels and radio stations have been operating for many years. All this ensures the dynamism and constant development of the city. Here, the main signs of civilization were the first in the region to appear: nightclubs and pizzerias, trendy coffee shops and internet cafes. The resort area is regularly restored, new shops are opened, and the tram fleet is being renewed. Thanks to this, as well as the amazing natural beauty of these places, it is always a pleasure to return to Pyatigorsk.

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