Modern political scientists and futurologists predict that the post-industrial society will have information and services as the main sphere of the economy, and that ecological, health-improving and information technologies will become the main type of its resources. Currently, the share of services in the structure of gross domestic product in the developed countries of the world ranges from 30-35%. In Sweden, this share is 61.4%, in Denmark - 54.7%, in Canada - 54.1%, the USA - 51.4%, Great Britain - 50.8%, in Russia - only 31.3%.
In the service sector itself, tourism occupies a special place. It accounts for about 10% of the world's gross national product. The material base of tourism is made up of accommodation facilities: hotels, boarding houses, camp sites, rest houses, motels, campings, alpine shelters, etc. tourism is becoming one of the leading and dynamic sectors of the world economy. According to the forecasts of the World Tourism Organization (WTO), in 2010 the number of international tourist trips doubled to 937 million, and tourism receipts reach 1.1 trillion. US dollars.
Tourism (French tourisme, from tour - walk, trip), travel (trip, hike) in free time. Tourism is the most effective means of satisfying recreational needs, since it combines various types of recreational activities - improvement, cognition, restoration of the productive forces of a person. Tourism is an integral part of health care, physical education, a means of spiritual, cultural and social development of an individual.
According to the current global assessment of the scale of tourist traffic, tourists "include all persons who temporarily and voluntarily changed their place of residence for any purpose other than activities rewarded in the place of temporary residence." Persons staying in their free time in any area for less than 24 hours are considered excursionists. Travel within one's own country is united by the concept of "domestic (national) tourism", and outside it - "foreign tourism".
The practice of organizing tourist business, guided by a more precise definition of the main goal, identifies specific types of tourism: recreational, health-improving, sports, business, timeshare, or club recreation, ecological, religious tourism, etc.
In this course work, health tourism is considered in detail.
The purpose of the work is to determine the role of this type of tourism and its significance in the modern life of people.
The object of the study is Europe and its health resorts.
The subject of the research is health tourism in Europe.
Health tourism in terms of importance can be called the main type of tourism, since it is based on concern for human health as the main value of life. Medical tourism has a long and rich history. In each country, it developed taking into account the availability of natural resources, socio-economic conditions.
Health tourism has a long history. It has been customary to rule your health with the help of healing springs since the times of ancient Rome and Greece. Both the sick and the perfectly healthy aspired to healing places. The famous resorts for the ancient Greeks were the city of Epidaurus and the island in the middle of the Aegean Sea - Kos. For the Romans, the city of Baia was considered a health resort.
Resort tourism began to develop rapidly since the 18th century with the emergence of famous European resorts in the Czech Republic (Karlovy Vary), France (Vichy, Nice), Germany (Baden - Baden), etc.
Travelers' motivation has remained unchanged over time. As before, the health resorts attract many tourists who are attracted by the natural factors and its healing properties. Today, almost every country can offer its own palette of colors for recreation and medical tourism.
Previously, regardless of whether they visited health resorts or not, the bulk of people determined their state of health only by the presence of illness or its absence. And the average life expectancy in most countries of the world was extremely low. With the passage of time and technological progress, mankind began to trust more in medicine with its life and to carry out preventive measures.
Life expectancy is a measure of government health development and general welfare. The average duration can be influenced by the quality and lifestyle, nutrition and general condition of the body.
The main factors affecting health:
In countries where health care and social protection of the population are well developed, duration rates are high. These countries include:
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