Russia, Nizhny Novgorod Region, Gorodetsky District, Aksentis
Remote from highways and industrial zones, its own sources of mineral water and curative mud, a luxurious man-made park, well-groomed green alleys, comfortable rooms, attentive staff, doctors of the highest and first categories - this is the Gorodetsky sanatorium <
Russia, 606513, Nizhny Novgorod region, Gorodetsky district, p/o Aksentis
Russia, Nizhny Novgorod region, Pavlovsky district, Venets
Not far from Nizhny Novgorod, in an ecologically clean place, which is ideal for both spa treatment and excellent relaxation, among the century-old pine trees and the purest fresh air, on the shores of the beautiful lake Kustorka, the sanatorium Solnechny »
Russia, 606131, Nizhny Novgorod region, Pavlovsky district, Venets village
Russia, Nizhny Novgorod region, Borsky district, Oktyabrsky
Officially, there are about fifty seas in the world, and although there is no object named after Maxim Gorky in this list, Russians are familiar with the phrase Gorky Sea: this is how one of the three large artificial reservoirs of the Volga cascade is called. Gorya-Sea (as the people of Nizhny Novgorod lovingly dubbed it) has its own secrets that allow this water site to maintain its maritime status firmly and not without reason. Let's start talking about them with cartography and numbers.
A man-made lake-pond was formed by two dams of the Nizhny Novgorod hydroelectric power station. One of them blocks the channel of the Volga River, the second - the Balakhna Lowland. The vast lake "arm" is more than 60 years old, and, in addition to the Nizhny Novgorod region, it covers the coastal lands of Ivanovo, Kostroma and Yaroslavl regions. However, only the right bank of its branched tree structure is navigable.
In the upper part of the “tree”, water, filling the lowland, formed the Kostroma Bay. A little further, in the place of localization of the ancient Puchezh-Katunsky crater, the bridgehead again greatly expands, acquiring a lake-like shape in a frame of cliffs, to which the gently sloping, completely overgrown with forest, opposite shore faces. The most picturesque section of the artery is considered to be the steep bends of Ples. The flow of water here is weekly regulated, smoothly fluctuating within two meters. The sea level rise is 84 m.
The area of the Gorky Lake-Sea is nearly 1600 km², its displacement is 8.72 km³. With an average depth of 3.5 m, the "vertical" in the flooded floodplain is kept mainly on the line of 10-15 m, in deep excavations-funnels reaching the 22-23-meter mark. In breadth, the sea-mountain overflows in places for 16 km - and then the coast opposite is indistinguishable.
The length of this winding strip from Rybinsk at the top to the Volga region (bottom point) is 427 km. In winter, the surface freezes completely, forming an ice crust about 65 cm thick, although meter freezing is also not uncommon. The ice roof hardens a week before the icing of the adjacent river spaces - and comes off with the same weekly delay. For the times when ships were required to launch on the "Leninist" days of April 22, this created a fair amount of inconvenience.
The Gorodets dam-regulator was built, and in parallel with it a hydroelectric power plant, in 1955-1957. The length of the concrete spillway-overlap is 291 m, while its earthen extension stretched for 1860 m. The elements of the equipment were 8 hydroelectric units of nine meters in diameter with powerful generators. Turbine type rotary vane. This technical chain was built with the expectation of free movement of nuclear submarines along the Volga.
The Gorky monolithic barrier with all its support was originally designed as the longest system ever operating in the USSR with the broadest possible power and navigation tasks. How the engineering project would change the landscape and correct the natural background was not discussed: the technical benefits were more significant than the other accompanying factors.
In general, the chain described here can be divided into two pieces that are not identical in appearance and in the set of physical and geographical data - river and pond-lake. The first, mobile, is the gap between the Rybinsk hydroelectric power station and the mouth of Elnati. Further - up to the head station - the calm lake part follows. The Nizhniy Novgorod fragment is considered to be the final one, relatively "non-violent", with pretty shallow lagoons up to 5 km away at the confluence of small rivers.
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