By the 1830s, a trip to Egypt from the privilege of rare explorers and desperate adventurers turned into an almost ordinary event. The first country guide was published in 1830, written by the agent of the French consul Jean-Jacques Rifaud (1786-1852), who had previously acted “as fast as lightning and zealously as a turkey” in the fight against Belzoni. This is how Egyptian tourism began: a travel permit was required to be obtained from a Pasha; local clothing was recommended; the traveler was warned about the need to hire bodyguards, or at least take weapons with them. It sounded intimidating, but one of the first scientists to study Egypt, Edward William Lane (1801-1876), who “lived among the locals as one of them, adopted an Arabic name and shared their views as far as his beliefs allowed,” refuted the myth of squalor and the uncivilization of local residents, in 1836 he published the book "Traditions and customs of modern Egyptians." He considered the local people to be friendly and hospitable people, endowed with a sense of humor, able to appreciate puns and satire.
The advent of steamships and the development of the rail network made travel to Egypt more and more popular. By 1843, P&O steamers “were leaving Southampton and arriving in Alexandria after 15 days; and if you cross France by train to Marseille, the road is even shorter. "When the steamer touches the shore, the adventure recedes into the shadows, the romance disappears, but this is a small price to pay for the spread of civilization," - said William Thackeray after a visit to Egypt in 1844.
19th century European tourists brought to Egypt by Thomas Cook
Scientists, collectors, archaeologists and Egyptologists came after the discoverers; but soon specialists gave way to writers (among them Anthony Trollope, Gustave Flaubert, Théophile Gaultier, Herman Melville, Mark Twain), artists (David Roberts, John Frederick Lewis), photographers (Francis Frith) and an even wider circle of people who wanted to get their own impressions of the wonders of Ancient Egypt. “Sometimes it seems like everyone has been to Egypt,” said novelist Penelope Lively. - All, that is, anyone and many others. " The pampered wealthy stayed in expensive hotels in the winter, such as the famous Shepherd, hoping to find salvation from the heat and get rid of "consumption and bronchitis," according to one of the guidebooks, while healthy people preferred the luxury of river boats on which they could had to live (dahabiyya), and cruised down the Nile, sightseeing.
Industry and technology revolutionized travel, helping the middle class, who had time and money, to organize their leisure time in a new way. By the 1870s, Thomas Cook had increased his Egyptian travel revenues, moving from serving the educated and wealthy middle class to a wider range of less affluent people (economy tours). Tourists wandered in droves through historical sites, as they do today, clinging to the large-circulation guidebooks of the time - Murray, Baedecker or Thomas Cook. They filled the decks of cruise ships, rode on trains, had picnics at the top of the Great Pyramid, and ladies climbed giant blocks with belts wrapped around their waists. And locals gathered around, and this burdensome circumstance is colorfully described in the books of that era:
Everywhere, from morning to evening, the traveler was subjected to agonizing demands for baksheesh; the latter is the alpha and omega of any journey to the East. This was the first word the child uttered; it was probably the first Arabic word that a traveler heard on his arrival in Egypt, and the last with which he left the country.
Then, as now, some complained about the development of mass tourism, the increase in the number of hotels, the standardization of travel ("the whole country in ten days"). But tourism became - and remains to this day - the backbone of the Egyptian economy.
At the end of the 19th century, Great Britain sent the most tourists, followed by the United States, Germany and France, and Théophile Gaultier wrote: "The British are everywhere except London, where only Italians and Poles meet."
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Tourists from all over the world love to go to Egypt for a week or two not only because of the favorable conditions, but also because of the excellent state of health that is established after the rest. But few know what doctors know well: the climate of Egypt is capable of treating many diseases. By its natural conditions, Egypt is a unique place.
Very low humidity: The air in Egypt is 2 times drier than in the Crimea. This promotes intense sweating, which means - cleansing and detoxifying the body. The low percentage of moisture in the air also has a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin, helps to heal irritations, reduces inflammation in the joints and has a great effect on the respiratory system.
Active sun: solar radiation freely passes through clean air and is repeatedly reflected from the surface of the sea and sands. A large amount of solar ultraviolet radiation is a wonderful remedy for diseases of the skin and joints.
Mineral composition of the sea, air and sands: The Red Sea is unique in its properties. Its waters are very clean, since no river flows here. Due to coral reefs and natural features, the water has a special mineral composition. The air above the water surface is also saturated with mineral vapors. The sands and clays of the desert have healing properties. Clay therapy has become widely known from the culture of Ancient Egypt.
Even a simple beach vacation and swimming in the sea can significantly alleviate the condition of many chronic diseases. But in the resorts of Egypt they also offer special treatments: in particular, sand baths, herbal and clay treatments, and bathing in hot springs.
The climate for psoriasis and other skin diseases needs dry, with a lot of solar radiation. Due to the high intensity of solar radiation, salt water rich in minerals, and dry hot air, psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis and various rashes in Egypt disappear. Natural conditions promote rapid healing of wounds, stitches and scars and have an anti-inflammatory effect. It is one of the best places in the world to treat skin problems. Studies show that 85% of people with psoriasis in Egypt experience significant improvement in their condition, and 65% have permanent changes.
Those people who suffer from bronchial asthma know well how important it is to visit the sea at least once a year. The climate for asthma is the same as in Egypt. The dry air of the desert, saturated with unique minerals of the sea, works magic in the treatment of asthma, pneumonia, chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, sinusitis, and also strengthens the immune system and helps against frequent colds. The beneficial effect of resting on the Red Sea for asthma is noted by many patients.
Egypt attracts guests with a hot climate all year round, a developed tourist infrastructure, clean beaches and many kilometers of coral reefs. At first glance, the conditions are the same everywhere, but upon closer examination it becomes clear that all resorts are designed for different requests.
The oldest resort in Egypt. There are good beaches and a lot of entertainment: restaurants, bars, nightclubs, camel rides and a giant aquarium. Snorkeling or scuba diving deserves special attention here.
This place has very beautiful corals and a huge number of fish that can be watched underwater. To other advantages, you can add the fact that the resort is inexpensive and you can fly here by charter.
You shouldn't fly here in summer - it's too hot. The rest of the time, the only inconvenience that may arise is the long way to the excursion to the pyramids.
Second resort with good infrastructure. There is even more nightlife entertainment for tourists. It is located in the southern part of the country, so it is the warmest sea all year round.
The resort's trademark is its long coastline. 35 km of beaches with a sandy bottom and almost the same with a coral bottom. Unlike Hurghada, there are not only more budget options, but also five-star hotels.
One of the cheapest places in Egypt. There is no developed infrastructure and very limited opportunities for nightlife lovers. But for those who prefer a quiet holiday, this is paradise. Uncrowded clean beaches with clear water and medicinal sand will not leave indifferent lovers of a relaxing holiday.
High-quality diving and windsurfing will appeal to more active tourists. That. that the resort is very clean and deserted does not mean its great distance from civilization. Transfer from the airport and the road on excursions to the ancient cities will not take long. The resort is located just 60 km from Hurghada.
The resorts of Egypt are concentrated on the coast of two seas - the Red and the Mediterranean.
Mersa Matruh and Alexandria are the most famous Egyptian resorts in the Mediterranean. The distance between the cities is 240 km, which facilitates a variety of excursion programs with sightseeing of the resorts.
Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh are the most popular resort cities on the Red Sea coast.
A beach holiday in Egypt on the Red Sea lasts all year round!
Egypt has two seasons:
The resorts of Egypt on the Red Sea are tropics, so in July and August there is an unbearable heat here, and the sea warms up to +28 C + 30 C.
In Upper Egypt and the Red Sea, summers are hot and dry. The air temperature from May to September is kept in the region of +35 С +45 С, and the water temperature is +26 С +28 С.
Hurghada is a resort where the summer heat is easier to bear due to the geographical features of the area.
The best time to go to the Red Sea is from April to May, as well as late September - early November.
The coldest months on the Red Sea in Egypt are January-February with strong winds and short-term rains (air temperature +23 С +25 С during the day and below +20 С at night, water temperature +18 С +20 С ).
Domestic tourists have long and firmly associated Egypt with mass recreation by the clean sea at an affordable price. A variety of resorts and hotels, combined with good service and low ticket prices, have made Egypt something of a summer cottage where grandmothers and children are sent on vacation. Holidays in Egypt with children are attractive in many ways: there are excellent sandy beaches, a bunch of various entertainments - from water slides on the territory of hotels to a multinational animation team and the generally friendly attitude of the local population, because the Arab mentality is based on children. A short and inexpensive flight and no visa formalities contribute to the fame of Egypt as an ideal destination for families with children.
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Resting in Egypt is comfortable all year round; therefore, you can send children to the homeland of the pharaohs both for winter holidays and in summer. However, the country is still far from the equator, so each season has its own characteristics. So, in winter, despite the pleasant air temperature, it will be cool to swim, especially for the smallest tourists. In this case, a seawater pool will come to the rescue - there are such ones in almost every resort hotel. From the end of April to the end of October - the time of the high tourist season, however, from mid-July and the whole of August it is better not to take out preschool-age children on vacation - temperatures under +38 ° C would rather harm the child than make him healthier.
September - October is an ideal time to relax even with the smallest children, but the prices for tickets also reach their maximum.
When choosing a resort in Egypt for families with children, it is important to pay attention to the "material" of the beach - after all, the first thing a child wants to do is to splash in the water. The most advantageous hotels here are in Hurghada and the resorts closest to it - El Gouna, Sahl Hasheesh, Makadi Bay. The sandy beaches of these places will allow you not to worry that the child will hurt his feet on stones or corals. Hurghada has the largest selection of hotels of any category. El Gouna boasts sea shallows up to 500-600 meters wide - this is extremely convenient for children to wallow in shallow water. In Sahl Hasheesh, prices are higher, but the hotels are of better quality, in addition, there is a calm, respectable rest and good opportunities for diving - so adults will not get bored either. Makadi Bay is also very calm, the beaches are mostly sandy, only the beaches of a few hotels require shoes when entering the water - it is better to check this when booking. But in the cluster of resorts in Sharm el-Sheikh, only Sharm el-Maya with its sandy coast is suitable for families with children; in other resorts, corals start right from the shore.
For holidays in Egypt with children, it is recommended to choose a hotel with a category of at least four to five stars. In "treshki" not only the service is worse, but they are usually located not on the first line of the sea.
To date, the popularity of such tourist destinations as green tourism and ecological tourism in Poland has sharply increased, for more details see the material