Encyclopedia | Tourism in Cuba - Wiki

Encyclopedia | Tourism in Cuba - Wiki

Cuba Tourist Map

Cuba (Spanish Cuba), the official name is the Republic of Cuba (Spanish República de Cuba, unofficial since 1959 - Liberty Island) is an island state in the northern Caribbean. The country occupies the territory of the island of Cuba as part of the Greater Antilles, Juventud Island and many smaller islands. Cuba is separated from North America by the Florida Strait in the north and the Yucatan Strait in the west.

The capital and largest city is Havana.

Geography

Cuba is located at the junction of North, Central and South America, on the island of Cuba (the largest in the West Indies), Juventud Island, as well as on about 1600 small islands and coral reefs adjacent to them, belonging to the group Greater Antilles. The coastline is characterized by deep bays and many convenient bays. The island is surrounded by reefs and other coral formations.

The territory of Cuba is 111 thousand km². The island, which stretches from west to east for 1250 km, is often compared to a lizard, whose body is facing the Atlantic, and the tail is at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico. In the south, Cuba is washed by the waters of the Caribbean Sea, in the northwest by the Gulf of Mexico, and in the northeast by the Atlantic Ocean. The distance from Cuba to the United States at the narrowest point of the Florida Strait is 180 km, to Haiti through the Windward Strait - 77 km, to Jamaica through the Colon Strait - 140 km, to Mexico through the Yucatan Strait - 210 km.

Climate

Cuba's climate is tropical, trade wind. The average annual temperature is 25.5 ° C. The average temperature of the coldest month (January) is 22.5 ° C and the hottest (August) is 27.8 ° C. The surface water temperature near the coast is 22-24 ° C in winter and 28-30 ° C in summer. The average annual amount of precipitation, which usually falls in the form of rainstorms, is 1400 mm, but dry years also often occur.

Cuba has two distinct climatic seasons: rainy (May-September) and dry (October-April). The rainy season accounts for 3/4 of the total annual precipitation.

The climate of Cuba is characterized by typical high humidity throughout the year. The combination of high humidity and high temperature has an overall adverse effect on human life. However, on the coast, the wind from the sea moderates the heat, brings freshness, and in the evenings, coolness. In any place the winds are characterized by a certain constancy, therefore it is often possible to see trees, the trunks of which also have a corresponding slope.

Cuba is exposed to tropical cyclones that arise in the summer-autumn period (June - mid-November) east of the Lesser Antilles and in the west of the Caribbean Sea, then moving towards Florida. Typhoons are accompanied by heavy downpours and strong winds that can cause great damage to the economy and the population of the island. Rivers in Cuba are short, not full of water. Forests covering about 10% of the territory have survived only in mountainous and swampy areas. The fauna of the land is relatively poor. At the same time, the waters surrounding Cuba contain valuable commercial fish, molluscs, lobsters, shrimps and sponges.

History

Medical marketing and clinic promotion

★ Tourism in Cuba

Tourism in Cuba attracts more than 2 million people annually and is one of the main sources of income for the island nation. Among the factors influencing the popularity of Cuba as a holiday destination is the high attractiveness of its natural, historical and cultural recreational resources.

After the Cuban Revolution of 1959, interstate relations between Cuba and the United States deteriorated significantly. Since 1960, the United States has banned its citizens from visiting "Liberty Island" and imposed an embargo on trade with Cuba.

From 1960 to 1991, significant economic support to Cuba, provided by the USSR. available funds and resources were invested in the development of tourism infrastructure, which would help attract the necessary investments from other countries to the island. all of this has resulted in tourism revenues exceeding Cuba's traditional export industries - sugar, rum, cigars, fruit and fishing.

Most of the tourists visiting Cuba come from Canada and Europe. the main tourist infrastructure is concentrated around Varadero, Cayo Coco, Holguin, and in the capital of the state - Havana.

History

Cuba has been attracting tourists since the beginning of the 20th century. Between 1915 (to 1915) 1930 (1930), Havana received more tourists than any other city in the Caribbean. such a significant influx of tourists was associated with the proximity of the island to the United States, where at that time there was a "dry law". in Cuba it was possible to spend her leisure time without such restrictions.

However, the Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II decreased the number of visitors to the island, and with them the financial benefits for the economy. it wasn't until the 1950s that Cuba began to rebuild its tourism potential. American organized crime seized the opportunity and took control of much of the Cuban leisure and entertainment industry. By the mid-1950s, Havana had become a major drug market and transit point for trade in the United States. the number of tourists increases annually by 5-8%. the capital of Cuba received the unofficial nickname "Latin American Las Vegas".

History -

Immediately after the inauguration of the newly elected President of Cuba, Manuel Urrutia, in 1959, almost all casinos, bars and other entertainment establishments serving tourists and vacationers were closed, but also associated with the mafia, drugs and prostitution. A special government body was created in the country - the National Institute of Tourism INTUR (Intour), the purpose of which was proclaimed the creation of more affordable hotels, clubs and beaches.

On October 10, 1960, the US government imposed a complete embargo on Cuba on all goods except food and medicine.

Abstract Features of medical marketing of running a medical business. Marketing of internal processes of a medical clinic: organizing the work of doctors and improving the quality of service. External marketing of clinic promotion: development of a strategy for the comprehensive promotion of a medical company.

In addition to revolutionary stories and exciting holidays, Cuba beckons with its luxurious nature and beautiful beaches. Knowing the features of the main tourist destinations, you can choose the most suitable for yourself and your family from the most popular resorts in the country.

Varadero

The resort attracts most tourists not only by the international airport, which can be reached from Russia with a transfer in Europe, but also by 20 km of sandy spit with an abundance of hotels and modern infrastructure. Located 130 km from Havana, Varadero occupies the Icacos Peninsula.

You can get here by bus or taxi from the nearest airports:

  • from Havana airport in 3.5 hours;
  • from Varadero airfield in 30 minutes.

The most favorable period for rest is winter and off-season (April and November). At this time, there is little likelihood of hurricanes and prolonged rains.

The Varadero beach strip is recognized by UNESCO as one of the best. In addition to white sand and slender rows of palm trees, the coast has 20 diving centers and many high-end hotels. Of the hotels, tourists distinguish the following:

  • Melia Internacional (5 stars) with private beach and water sports facilities. The cost of a room for two on the "all inclusive" system - from 200 euros per night.
  • Iberostar Bella Costa (4 stars) with a marvelous garden, spa and kids club. Cost - from 120 euros for a double room with a served buffet.
  • ClubTropicalAllInclusive (3 stars) with fitness center, swimming pool, evening entertainment. Room rates - from 110 euros per night for two on the "all inclusive" system.
  • Punta Blanca (2 stars) located on the beach. A double room with continental breakfast will cost from 40 euros per night.

One of the most visited restaurants in Varadero is the former residence of Al Capone, which still remembers the riotous meetings of the heads of the mafiosi. Now this restaurant is famous not only for its gangster past and Al Capone's car, which still stands next to the house, but also for its unrivaled Valencian paella and views of the Caribbean Sea.

Cabaret La Tropicana on the banks of the Canimar River is famous for the incendiary rhythms of salsa, mamba and gourmet cuisine. Thanks to the decoration of stained glass windows and arches made of natural island materials, tourists refer to the cabaret as one of the must-see attractions in Varadero.

Interesting places for daytime leisure include the following:

The Varadero resort is hospitable to all tourists: families with children, couples, individual travelers.

At the invitation of the Cuban Ministry of Tourism and the tour operator PEGASTouristik, the ATOR Vestnik correspondent went to Cayo Coco. In a series of materials, we will tell you what awaits Russian tourists at the popular resort. Our first report on how the entry to Cuba is organized and how the procedure for taking a PCR test is going on.

COMFORTABLE FLIGHT

The flight of Nordwind, in partnership with which the tour operator PEGAS Touristik forms its tourism product, departs from Sheremetyevo at a convenient time: at 10.5 Moscow time and arrives at Cayo Coco at 15 o'clock Cuban time. Travel time is 12 hours.

It's comfortable to fly: in the cabin there is an optimal seat pitch, the backrests of the chair are reclined comfortably. During the flight, you must be wearing a mask: you can take it off only when eating and drinking. There are sanitizers in the toilet, so you can always sanitize your hands.

DECLARATION OF HEALTH STATUS

On the plane, you will need to fill out a health declaration. The questionnaire is in English and Spanish, but you don't need to be intimidated: if something is not clear, the flight attendants will explain everything and tell you.

The form is filled in block letters in English. Along with the standard items (name, nationality, passport number, flight number, place of residence in Cuba, etc.), there are also columns in which you must indicate the symptoms (there are 12 of them) that have been in the last 15 days: fever, cough, conjunctivitis, diarrhea , shortness of breath, etc.

Naturally, if there were no such signs of diseases, then NO can be safely emphasized everywhere. There is also a graph on whether the traveler has been in contact with those who have had similar symptoms in the past 15 days.

HOW TO TAKE PCR TEST ON CUBE: WATCH ON ATOR TV CHANNEL

When leaving the plane, tourists are greeted by the airport staff: all in masks. The first thing that awaits Russians in Cuba is the delivery of a PCR test.

We'll warn you right away: you'll have to queue up for a while. Cayo Coco Airport is small, provincial, so testing more than 400 tourists objectively takes time and space.

Unlike the first flights, by now the Cubans have already organized a "special zone" for PCR testing for COVID-19 at Cayo Coco Airport. It has 8 booths where tests are taken at the same time.

With a passport and a declaration of health, you first need to approach people in green suits: these are representatives of local sanitary services. They check the consistency of the data in the passport and the medical form.

ⓘ Tourism in Cuba

Tourism in Cuba attracts more than 2 million people annually and is one of the main sources of income for the island nation. Among the factors influencing the popularity of Cuba as a holiday destination is the high attractiveness of its natural, historical and cultural recreational resources.

After the Cuban Revolution of 1959, interstate relations between Cuba and the United States deteriorated significantly. Since 1960, the United States has banned its citizens from visiting Liberty Island and imposed an embargo on trade with Cuba.

From 1960 to 1991, the Soviet Union provided significant economic support to Cuba. Free funds and resources were directed to the development of tourism infrastructure, which helped attract the necessary investments to the island from other countries. All this has led to the fact that tourism industry revenues have exceeded the traditional export industries of Cuba - sugar, rum, cigars, fruit and fishing.

Most of the tourists visiting Cuba come from Canada and Europe. The main tourist infrastructure is concentrated around Varadero, Cayo Coco, Holguin, as well as in the capital of the state - Havana.

History

Cuba has attracted tourists since the early 20th century. Between 1915 and 1930, Havana received more tourists than any other city in the Caribbean. Such a significant influx of tourists was associated with the proximity of the island to the United States, where at that time there was a "dry law". In Cuba, it was possible to spend leisure time without such restrictions.

However, the Great Depression of the 1930s and the Second World War reduced the number of visitors to the island, and with them financial receipts to the country's economy. It was only in the 1950s that Cuba began to rebuild its tourism potential. American organized crime seized the opportunity and took control of much of the Cuban leisure and entertainment industry. By the mid-1950s, Havana had become one of the main markets for drugs, as well as a transshipment base for drug trafficking in the United States. At the same time, the number of tourists increased annually by 5-8%. The capital of Cuba has received the unofficial nickname "Latin American Las Vegas".

History -

Immediately after the inauguration of the newly elected President of Cuba, Manuel Urrutia in 1959, almost all casinos, bars and other entertainment establishments designed for tourists and vacationers, but also associated with the mafia, drugs and prostitution, were closed ... A special government body was created in the country - the National Institute of Tourism INTUR, whose purpose was proclaimed the activity to create more affordable hotels, clubs and beaches.

On October 10, 1960, the US government imposed a complete embargo on the supply of goods to Cuba, except for food and medicine.

In January 1961, Americans, who made up 80% of holidaymakers, cut back on travel to the island where Fidel Castro came to power. And the US State Department declared tourism in Cuba contrary to US foreign policy and national interests.

In the context of economic sanctions from the United States, the importance of the tourism industry in the 1960s - 1980s in the country's economy declined. On July 29, 1975, at the 16th consultative meeting, the Organization of American States lifted its sanctions against Cuba imposed in July 1964 under US pressure

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