What to take on a day trip from food and equipment: spring, summer, autumn, winter

4 main ways to get water during the cold season

People often worry that in the desert and in the heat they can die of dehydration, but almost no one thinks about the fact that they can die of thirst in the winter, being surrounded by frozen water. Nevertheless, it is necessary to have enough water and drink even in severe frosts. With a lack of moisture in the cold, your blood thickens, its circulation slows, and you become vulnerable to cold injuries such as hypothermia and frostbite. In this article, I (hereinafter on behalf of the author of the original article - translator's note) will tell you several ways to provide yourself with drinking water in cold weather.

Water generator

This is a fairly simple device for producing water. Find something waterproof, and one that can support the weight of a lot of snow. I usually use the parachute section, i.e. I train downed pilots in survival. Hang the parachute so that it forms a kind of pocket that needs to be filled with snow. Make a fire nearby so that the snow melts in a parachute. Place the branch in the "pocket" so that the melted water can drain through it into the water container. The water obtained from the snow will not taste very good, but it will save you from thirst.

Ice melting

This is also a fairly simple method of water extraction. Moreover, when melted, ice will produce more water than snow, due to its high density. Melt it in a metal mug or similar container. The water obtained from ice is quite tasty and clean. If you are on the ocean or sea shore, where the water is salty, choose places where the snow from the shore turns into a frozen body of water, where the ice is dark blue. It (ice), most likely, will be without salt.

Rivers, ponds

Take off your gloves so as not to get wet, and draw up water with your hands. Be careful not to slip into the water. It is better to collect water with a capacity, of course. To avoid getting a heap of debris into the container, especially if you are collecting water in a river with a strong current, keep the container at 90 degrees to the direction of the current.

One of my favorite methods is to melt ice or snow on the go

While driving, when the flask with water is partially empty, I pour snow into it, close the lid and move on. The temperature inside allows the snow to melt and the water not to freeze. In this simple way, you can maintain the water level in your flask.

Some more tips for water in cold weather:

  • Store containers of water with the lid down. The water freezes from top to bottom, this will help prevent the lid of the flask from freezing.
  • Do not put flasks of water inside the sleeping bag in which you sleep. If they burst or leak, this does not bode well in the cold. I usually put my flasks between the bed and the sleeping bag. The heat radiated from my body prevents the water from freezing.
  • You can also bury containers with water in the snow, to a depth of about a meter. This will keep the water from freezing.
  • And, of course, do not forget to purify the extracted water.

A tragedy in the mountains in the north of the Sverdlovsk region, where during the descent after an attempt to ascend the Kazan, aka Sukhogorsk stone, a 35-year-old tourist from Yekaterinburg Elena Podkorytova and another, 31-year-old Elena Osipova, received severe frostbite , becomes overgrown with details. Edition E1. u found a participant in this trip, Evgeny Gulin, who was the last to see both women before they were lost. From his story, one gets the impression that the members of the tourist group violated the basic rules of the campaign.

Tourists arrived at the base "Serebryansky Kamen" in the area of ​​the Konzhakovsky mountain range near the village of Kytlym together in two cars. But they decided to climb separately. The first group of five people, led by tourist Evgeny Peredvigin, decided to start the route earlier. The second group, together with Gulin, decided to sleep and go later. Elena Podkorytova, who originally planned to go in Gulin's group, left with Peredvigin.

At the border of the forest, the girls left their heavy backpacks and continued climbing light. Apparently, without aids to navigation, matches and spare warm clothing. The only thermos with hot drinks for the whole group was taken by Peredvigin. Gulin's group split up on the way to the summit. Part of them remained at the border of the forest to set up a tent. He continued his way up altogether alone.

On the way, he met Peredvigin's group, which was returning by that time. At the same time, Gulin asked Podkorytova where to go next. According to him, although the girls lagged behind the others during the conversation with him, they set off along the well-trodden path after the group members who had gone ahead. They were still visible at that time. After another 20 minutes, when he turned around and walked back, it turned out that both Elena were missing and they were already looking for. It happened on the evening of January 19.

What happened next is known - rescuers found the tourists three days later, on January 22, in another part of the ridge. During these days, the women managed to contact the rescuers twice by calling 112. The first time in the morning of January 21, then again. Based on these signs, the rescuers concluded that the missing may be in the area of ​​the abandoned village of Sukhogorie. This turned out to be not the case, nevertheless, in the afternoon of January 22, the women were found. By that time, Elena Podkorytova was already dead. The tourist died as a result of severe frostbite. She has a small child at home. Elena Osipova also became seriously frostbitten, but was still alive. Helicopter EMERCOM of Russia took her to the Yekaterinburg City Clinical Hospital No. 40. Doctors were forced to amputate the tourist's feet of both legs.

“Her condition is now due to prolonged hypothermia (hypothermia - Znak. om), so we are seeing a clinic of multiple organ failure: renal, vascular, cerebral, respiratory. We have eliminated the main reason for the intoxication of the body. We are doing our best to preserve life, but how the body will cope with the consequences of prolonged hypothermia is difficult to say now, ”the press service of the city hospital said.

What was wrong with the organization of this trip and what recommendations are there for people going to the forest to come back safe and sound? About this Znak. om spoke with famous travelers and professional rescuers in the Urals.

Honored Traveler of Russia, author of the popular tourist book "One Hundred Days in the Urals", the album "Gubernia-66" and the Encyclopedia of Local Lore of the Sverdlovsk Region Nikolai Rundkvist:

“First of all, I would recommend choosing the right travel companions. It is not so important where you went to travel, it is much more important who you went with. I always adhere to this principle. Your travel companions and friends should be trusted and reliable people. Then there will be no detailed excesses.

Naturally, you should always, even if you briefly go to the Shartash forest park, take matches and a map with you. You can get lost anywhere, and the map and matches dramatically increase your chances. But, in the end, you can navigate by phone if you have uploaded maps of the area.

Concerning this story, I do not understand the call of the girls who said that they were in some abandoned village. In vain, the employees of the Ministry of Emergency Situations were led to this story and threw their forces there. The fact is that if you look closely at the map, then everything becomes clear at once. To get to abandoned villages in this area, in particular in Sukhogorye, you need to cross the Sukhogorsky stone itself, go down and, most importantly, cross the gas route, near which there is a road of oil workers, along which they regularly travel. Even if a person floundered waist-deep in the snow for five hours and went out onto the road, he would never leave it. This is psychology. And these villages are on the other side of the road.

As for survival, in winter, in the mountains, when there is nothing, there is only one advice - you need to go down the valley or the valley of the stream. Any stream is a tributary of a larger river. The larger the river, the more likely it is to meet housing and people on it. These girls were found in a place where you can get only after crossing the spur of the Sukhogorsky stone. That is, at some point they went up, which was incorrect in their position.

If the person is completely disoriented, then it is better to stay put, not going anywhere far. These girls were somewhere near anyway, and, as far as can be understood, they were looking for. If they had not gone away, they would have been found anyway, and much earlier than this happened. Although it's easy to just talk about it. In the field, even experienced tourists "get stuck", and situations of incomprehensible behavior are encountered. Nature is a tricky thing. "

A short weekend tourist walk without spending the night in a tent is very different from a multi-day hiking trip. In this article we will tell you what to take with you on a one-day hike and what little things a novice tourist should never forget.

Personal trekking equipment

Backpack. Focus on choosing the right backpack. The regular student model is not suitable for long walks, so it is worth buying a special tourist backpack with an orthopedic back and a waist belt, which reduces the load on the spine and shoulders. The optimal volume for travel in the warm season is 20-30 liters, but personal equipment for a one-day trip in winter takes up more space, so it is better to choose a model with a capacity of 30 to 50 liters. You can have multiple backpacks for different seasons.

Shoes. The most important piece of personal equipment. It is strongly discouraged to wear new or worn-out shoes, even if they seem comfortable to you. Hiking uphill or walking on rough terrain in new sneakers can turn into a real torture after a few kilometers. Be sure to include a comfortable and tried-and-true trekking model in your trekking equipment list if you want to get a pleasant walking experience. You can buy such shoes inexpensively, for example, in a well-known good "store with the letter D" or the like. To carry new shoes, walk around the city for about 10 km. This is enough to understand how your legs will feel on the hike.

Clothes. When choosing your outfit for a weekend hike, don't forget about the “right” clothing. There are several rules here: for summer - a light top with long sleeves, bottom - loose trousers, sweatpants. It is advisable not to go out on the route in shorts or breeches, as you will most likely have to walk through thickets, undergrowth or tall grass. Be sure to include a hat with a visor, a rain cape, and a padded jacket on your hiking list in case of a sudden cold snap. For example, going on a mountain hike, even for 1 day, you can get burnt in the sun and get hit by hail during this time. Even if you left home in shorts "according to the weather", a jacket may come in handy in the mountains.

What to take on a hike without an overnight stay: first aid kit, personal hygiene products, necessary things

Keep in mind that you can take a lot of things with you on a hike, most of which, most likely, you will not need, but you will have to carry a decent load all day.

What to pack for a hike

The main criteria when choosing products are their weight, compactness, calorie content and safety.

Food on a day trip should be simple and preferably ready-to-eat. Optimal set:

  • crispbreads are light, tasty, ready to eat, do not deteriorate and do not lose their taste. Due to the composition (a lot of fiber and long carbohydrates), they provide a feeling of quick satiety and give energy;
  • jerky and dry meat - sujuk, basturma, dried sausage also allow you to quickly fill up, have a high energy value and low weight;
  • semi-finished products - if you plan to start a fire, you can take a kettle and a bag of dry soup or canned porridge with you;
  • protein bars, chocolate, sweets - all sweets quickly drown out hunger, which makes these products indispensable in any hike;
  • nuts and dried fruits - a source of carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals, it is a high-calorie and healthy food, indispensable for long walks;
  • sandwiches with cheese, boiled eggs - classic.
  • And be sure to take some drinking water with you!

Hiking trips in winter are less popular than summer trips. However, such a test can be much more interesting and exciting. The main task is to carefully think over the route, plan everything well and prepare. Tochka. ira. u will help with the preparation and give some important recommendations.

Winter tourism: equipment

First of all, you need to equip yourself with an extreme type of tent and sleeping bag. Many people argue that it is possible to live in a forest or mountains without such equipment. It is life threatening!

The following equipment must be collected:

Without at least one item from the list, going on a winter hike is very risky.

Try to find someone who has winter hiking experience. This is the safest way to prepare and gain invaluable experience. It is strongly discouraged to spend your first sleepover without a mentor.

Winter sleeping bag and tent

The choice of a sleeping bag should be carried out as deliberately and carefully as possible. First of all, you should pay attention to the technical characteristics and quality of the materials used. Name and brand play a much smaller role.

Most of the winter models are made of synthetics or swan down. The latter option seems more preferable and tempting, however, synthetics deteriorate less when wet (does not lose its properties), it dries quickly and practically does not deteriorate during transportation. It is important to pay attention to temperature readings (especially extreme ones). They should not go beyond, otherwise you can freeze at night, which promises a number of serious consequences.

Do not try to heat a sleeping bag by inhaling heat inside it. Due to the sharp temperature drop, the steam instantly turns into condensation and moisturizes the product. On the first night, no discomfort will be noticed. However, the next day, after a long hike, the condensate will be turned into ice. It will be impossible to sleep in the bag.

Tents designed for winter use have a number of design features. Thanks to them, tourists can stay inside in warmth and comfort. When purchasing a tent, you should pay attention to its description. It should be calculated for 4 seasons. The material from which the arcs are made must be aluminum. Plastic in the cold is too fragile and will quickly fail. An anti-snow skirt should also be provided here, which prevents cold wind from getting between the inner tent and the awning. The construct is responsible for protecting the inner tent and awning from sticking together (I will introduce a large amount of condensate).

For real men and their spirited companions: fishing in Lapland

Photo: Stephen Mcsweeny/Hemera/Thinkstock

Every third inhabitant of the Country of a Thousand Lakes cannot imagine himself without fishing. If you are also partial to ice fishing, head to Finnish Lapland. In addition to a weighty trophy (and salmon, grayling, whitefish, and pike are found in the local rivers and lakes), an unforgettable atmosphere awaits you. Take with you a thermos with hot tea, a couple of sandwiches and, looking at the silent expanses of ice, feel the peace and fullness of life. As a bonus - the incredible beauty of the northern lights.

Going to Lapland in winter is also practical: if you fish with sheer trolling and a jig, you don't need to buy a fishing license.

You can organize a fishing tour yourself. And if you do not yet know which side to approach, contact the professionals.

If you are combining a vacation in Finland with fishing and just want to try it, take a short group tour for a few hours. Prices start at 55 euros per person for 2 hours and include rental of fishing equipment, transport, instructor's service and warm drinks.

If you are an experienced fisherman, take a look at multi-day tours with accommodation in cozy houses on the shore. The cost of a 10-day adventure with overnight stays and equipment is from 1300 euros, excluding the flight.

The most exciting and extreme fishing for the pros is in the waters of the Arctic Ocean. It's not easy to get to, but worth it! The tour lasts three days: during this time you will ride snowmobiles on the ice of Lake Inari, visit the northernmost points of Europe, taste king crabs in a fishing village on the shores of the Barents Sea, steam in a Finnish sauna and catch your biggest fish in the smallest on the planet the ocean. Such a trip costs from 2125 euros per person, not counting the flight and insurance.

For romantic couples: overnight in an ice hotel

Few people travel to stay in a hotel, but there are dazzling exceptions. We recommend to stay in the ice hotel for couples in love who want to find themselves in a sparkling winter fairy tale. Skyscanner has unearthed some fun igloo hotels in the snow for those who are bored with towel swans and all-inclusive service.

The Icehotel, the world's first ice hotel, was opened in 1991 in the Swedish village of Jukkasjärvi, 200 km above the Arctic Circle. It was conceived as an exhibition of ice sculptures, but later turned into a hotel, in which even beds and paintings are made of ice. Alas, such hotels are short-lived - they melt in spring. For 27 years Icehotel was rebuilt from scratch by winter, until at the end of 2016 it turned into Icehotel 365, whose main building will operate all year round. There is a room to suit everyone's taste: there are 9 suites with their own sauna and 11 art suites with ice sculptures.

Kirkenes Snow Hotel (Finnmark, Norway) is crowned with a snow dome 12 meters in diameter and 8 meters high. The rooms are decorated with snow sculptures that hide the usual walls. Only the bar is made entirely of ice. The price for an overnight stay for one adult is 300 euros.

Kakslauttanen Igloo West Village (Saariselkä Fell, Lapland) is an igloo-style hotel. Guests live in a village of glass houses and steam in a huge smoke bath. The cost of living for two - from 500 euros per night.

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