What to see in Veliky Novgorod in 1-2 days on your own

What to see in Veliky Novgorod in 1-2 days on your own

I propose to go on a journey in time to Veliky Novgorod - one of the first capitals of the ancient Russian state. Learn the legends about Rurik and Sadko. Imagine yourself as a participant in the Novgorod veche on the square near the St. Sophia Cathedral. View the Kremlin in Veliky Novgorod - Novgorod Detinets. This is the first red brick Kremlin in Russia. Taste purely Novgorod, old Russian food. I'll tell you when is the best time to go to immerse yourself in the atmosphere of historical action and what souvenirs you should pay attention to.

Veliky Novgorod - the father of Russian cities

Veliky Novgorod is a city with more than 1000 years of history. This is the only city that is majestically called "lord" and "sovereign".

  • The date of the first mention in the chronicle is 859. The tribes living in these lands called for three Varangian brothers to reign, the eldest of whom was Rurik. He founded a settlement, the remains of which can be seen today - about this in the section "What to see in the vicinity of Novgorod".
  • The Novgorod squad helped in 882 the prophetic Oleg to conquer Kiev and form a single state of Kievan Rus.
  • The baptist of Russia, Prince Vladimir, and his son Yaroslav the Wise ruled here at different times. The latter granted independence to the city. Since 1136, Mr. Veliky Novgorod became "free in princes", turned into a republic, which was ruled by the veche.
  • In 1478 Novgorod with all the lands submitted to Ivan III and became part of Moscow Russia. To consolidate the result and finally eradicate the "Novgorodian liberty" about 7000 boyars and merchants were expelled from the city, and the "best people" of the Moscow lands were settled in their place.

This is the past, for the sake of which they go to Novgorod.

The historical prefix "Veliky" was officially returned to Novgorod only in 1999.

Veliky Novgorod - what to see, where to go

11 historical monuments of Novgorod and its environs make up the architectural heritage of UNESCO. This is the preserved architecture of the pre-Mongol period.

I recommend starting the walk from Detinets, aka the Novgorod Kremlin. In 2019, it was included in the list of the most beautiful castles in the world according to CNN International.

Novgorod Kremlin: main objects, museum exhibits

The Kremlin was founded in 1044 by the son of Yaroslav the Wise, Vladimir; it acquired its modern look in the 15th century under Ivan III. Detinets - from the combination "children of God." This is what the vigilantes who lived here were called.

How to build a route

Mountaineering and rock climbing what is the difference

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The Msta River of the Novgorod Region is one of the main reservoirs in the region, which is widely known among the local residents. During the year it is visited by fishing enthusiasts, water tourists and ordinary vacationers who want to be in nature away from the bustle of the city.

Description of the reservoir

Msta flows through the territory of the Tver and Novgorod regions. This is a unique reservoir that has the following characteristics:

  • river length - 445 km;
  • basin area - 23300 sq. km;
  • water consumption - 202 cubic meters. meters per second;
  • the slope of the river changes from north to west.

The source of the Msta River is located in the Tver region. It flows out of Lake Mstino, not far from the village of Vyshny Volochek. It flows into Lake Ilmen, not far from the beginning of Volkhov, on which Veliky Novgorod stands.

In the upper reaches of the Msta it has a very winding channel with sharp turns and "loops". Its width in this section is about 40-50 meters, and the average depth is about 2 meters. The shores are mostly gentle, the bottom relief is calm.

In the middle course, the river bed expands to 70–80 meters. On the section between Opechensky Posad and Borovichi, Msta overcomes a system of rapids (about 50), which attract lovers of water tourism here. The largest are Bit, Egla, Ryk, Vittsy, Rovnensky, Bolshoi. The drop of the river is 54 meters, the current is fast, the depth is from 0.1 to 2 meters.

In the lower reaches of the Msta it calms down, becoming a classic flat river of medium size, the width of which in this section is about 100 meters. Depths reach 10 meters. The bottom is sandy-silty, aquatic vegetation is present, the relief is relatively calm. The last 50 km from the estuary are navigable.

All along the Mstu is fed by tributaries that affect its water level and the nature of the river. The main ones are:

  • Berezayka ;
  • Believe ;
  • Shegrinka ;
  • Peretna ;
  • White ;
  • Linen;
  • Hmm;
  • Holova;
  • Khuba.

Below Opechensky Posad, the underground river Ponerretka flows into Mstu.

Msta's food is mixed - snow, underground and rain. The river freezes in November and opens up in late March - early April. The peak of the flood occurs in the first ten days of May. Returns to the coast in mid-June. Summer low water falls at the end of July.

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