Samara is not called a resort city for nothing - no matter what kind of vacation attracts you, there is always something to do here. But if all the city trails of Samara are walked, and the sights have been explored, I propose to take a walk around the surroundings and get acquainted with the protected corners of the Samara region.
The region is rich in natural monuments - Samarskaya Luka, Zhigulevsky Reserve, Volzhsky Cliff and other important points that create a special landscape. But I want to tell you about the most amazing places in the Samara region - forests of taiga nature. Their history and ecological characteristics are amazing. Fragments of the Ice Age, the memory that the region is partially located at the bottom of the ancient sea cannot be ignored.
This is a unique natural memorial and a source of local folklore. A real piece of taiga in the forest-steppe zone.
On the territory of Racheysky forest you will find rocks and hills formed, according to various estimates, 15-60 million years ago, as well as an ice age swamp, traces of a giant glacier and real waterfalls. Here you can wander through the natural stone labyrinth and find the fossilized remains of trees that grew millions of years ago.
There is a park of natural sculptures in the Racheyskiye Rocks, which give the landscape a mysterious and mysterious look. Many rounded smooth boulders up to several tens of meters in diameter have a bizarre shape. Some stones have holes of different shapes and depths, and when the wind rises, the boulders "sing"! And in calm weather, you can play on the stone yourself with your palms, and you will hear melodious sounds similar to the sounds of a flute.
The most surprising is the antiquity of these stones - they were formed in the Paleogene period, when mammals came to replace dinosaurs, and the Atlantic Ocean was still young and was just forming.
Do you want to visit the taiga without leaving the Volga region? Easy!
Racheyskiy Bor is the only taiga massif in the forest-steppe belt of the Samara region. Plants unique to the region are found near the wetlands, and the forest is inhabited by animals and insects listed in the Red Book.
In this amazing land there are special, sacred places where the inhabitants of local villages went to pray to the spirits, coaxing and pleasing them with offerings.
There are several local legends about the dwarf people who have lived in caves for several thousand years, about mysterious fireballs, sorcerers and forest evil spirits associated with Racheysky Bor.
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25 April 2014, 13:56 39 644
Have you noticed how extraordinarily good it is next to water bodies? Breathing is easier, thoughts are clearer, the soul is brighter. But the most powerful force, with all due respect to the Volga, is in the waterfalls. “The Samara region is not the place where they are“ found, ”you say. No matter how ...
The Shungut waterfall (or the waterfall near the Shikhan Mountain) is located in the Sergievsky district of the Samara region, not far from the confluence of the Shungut and Surgut rivers. There is also a nearby Blue Lake, with a sulfurous smell and clear ice water, visible to the very bottom. Away from the Blue Lake, there are several more already quite ordinary lakes, in the summer there are many vacationers, including diving enthusiasts. In different directions from the lakes, white sulfur streams branch off, in which the grass covered with white outgrowths of lime sways. Further there is an endless meadow steppe ... From here it is almost one and a half kilometers through the meadows to the nearest village of Staro-Yakushkino. But the place is charming - colorful thorny grasses grow along the Shikhan Mountain, and tumbleweeds walk along the slopes.
Shungut waterfall gained popularity not only due to the surrounding beauty, but also due to its rough waters, which, forming swirls, roll from a height of more than 2 meters. They say that once upon a time the Shungut River was dammed, there was a water mill on it, and a road passed along the dam. As time went on, the dam was washed away by a flood, and a beautiful deep waterfall formed in its place. Water flows down from a high stone ledge in thick foam, the energetic stream breaks on the ground and forms bright light channels inside the jets.
The Usa River originates not far from the village of Staraya Racheyka, where two clear streams (Bolshoy and Malaya Usoy) run out from under the stones at a fairly decent distance from each other. Going down the sandy slopes, they unite and calmly run across the plain among the pines and relict ferns. Nevertheless, its even flow sometimes turns into a frantic run between the boulders. The left bank of the Usa is a stretched canvas of grasses, while the right bank is called the Gremyachinsky heights. There, the shy Usa begins to rumble, "rattle", especially at night you can hear her beating against the mossy stones. It is here that you can see beautiful seething cold waterfalls. One of them is Gremyachy. The height of the waterfalls is insignificant - 1-2.5 meters, but the rocky ledges from which the Usa waters break off look very picturesque.
To get to these places, you need to go by car or train to Syzran, and then move to the village of Smolkino on foot, by bicycle, by a rural bus or, again, by your own car. Through a string of villages, past sad abandoned fields and birches mowed by lightning ... In the area of the Gremyachiy farm, you will be amazed by the mysterious beauty of the landscape. Lie on a sandy-pebble bottom under the cold streams of waterfalls ... Sit on the trunks of trees felled by a storm, hanging over the seething Usoy. You will feel such a burst of energy!
Another unusual waterfall is located nearby - just walk from Smolkino through a forest and a field. Or it is easier to initially drive up from the other side. So, we leave again from Samara by bus or car to Syzran, then we change to the local PAZik and go to the village of Troitskoye. We pass the Bogorodskaya church, the village of Peredovoi ... Further, our route will run through the "Martian forest" (boulders with round holes as if from the sword of Luke Skywalker) to the largest outlier, which is called the Devil's finger here.
Wading through the forest, you can meet wood grouses and foxes ... and, of course, one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the Samara region - the waterfall "Maiden's Tears". It rushes down from a height of 4.1 m and is most abundant in spring. Delicious streams break off the rocky ledge and hit the natural cauldron. A huge grotto 20 meters wide and about 3.5 meters high opens behind the wall of jets, and in its very depth there is a cave. In summer, the water flow is small, sometimes the waterfall almost dries up, so that thin streams pour from the ceiling of the grotto, like girlish tears. In winter or late autumn, the streams freeze and descend like an ice wall to the very ground, which delights any amateur photographer.
But that's not all! Below the ravine is the second waterfall, it is slightly smaller, but no less beautiful. People call him "Maiden's Tears-2". Its height reaches no more than 2.6 meters, and a natural boiler - no more than 3. A small grotto is covered with moss, entwined with bindweed like lianas and also hides a cave in its depths.
The Samara River is a forest in the steppe, an exit from the harsh continental climate to a temperate one, from the mountainous Cis-Urals to the slightly hilly Volga region, from the Orenburg drought to the high-water Samara region. And on this watercourse, there are enough settlements and recreations. The inhabitants of the shores are proud of the rich history of their land, and a hundred more fishing places ...
The Samara River is 594 km long. Its pool is 46,500 sq. km. The maximum width in its natural state is 3,100 meters (in the area of the Third backwater in Samara), in reservoirs - 5,600 meters (Sorochinsky reservoir). Depths up to 5 m. The reservoir flows through the Orenburg and Samara regions. The direction is northwest. The average water consumption is only 47.2 cubic meters per second. The food is mainly snow-fed. Freezing up lasts from late November to early April. The flood begins in the middle of the month just indicated. The rate of destruction of the coastal surface is 3-4 m per year! The seasonal range of changes in the water's edge does not exceed 3 m. There are about 50 tributaries (not counting streams). The largest: Bolshoi Kinel, Buzuluk, Tok and Maly Uran. And the lakes in the valley are 2500.
The Samara River was formed simultaneously with the entire Common Syrt - in the Paleocene. Initially, the Neolithic Cro-Magnons lived here, who were exterminated by the first Indo-European wave (Yamnaya cultural community). Of these newcomers, only the people of the Srubnaya culture settled on the spot. But she also went west. And those clans that remained were assimilated by the first Sarmatians, forming historical Savromats (Aors, Aryasa, Aryos). Part of the Aryasa people were ruled by female warriors. Too much Sauromat gold was found in the mounds near the river waters. Closer to the Urals, there are more female ornaments (the land "rimn" - Amazons, the genes of which went to the Chuvashes). Centuries later, they all mixed with the Huns, forming savirs (sibirs, simbirs, suvars). The first description of the Samara River alludes to this ethnic conglomerate, which "hooked" even Mokshans in the north. Since the 9th century, the Suvars have been the tax-paying population of the Volga Bulgar (its capital was stationed in present-day Tatarstan). The description in question was left for us by the secretary of the Baghdad embassy in Khazaria, Ahmed ibn Fadlan.
He also noticed that the reservoir is catastrophically overflowing along its entire length. And that now in this part of the Khazar Kaganate there are also Pechenegs ("bhajana"). As for the name, the river in the Khazar period still bore the Savromat name. Samur means beaver. There were indeed many of these animals on the extremely wooded edge in those years. Already the Horde had remade “samur” into the Turkic “samar” (“bend”). Also a true hydronym. In general, the phonetic similarity of the terms involuntarily led to a distortion of the river name. Further, the Samara River is in the hands of the Horde. In 1361, one of the Russian chronicles reports that in the southern bowels of the Kazan Khanate there is already a “town of Samara”. And closer to present-day Orenburg lives the "Bashkort people" (Bashkirs). However, almost all the strategic cities of the Golden Horde in the 15th century were swept away by the troops of Tamerlane (the general battle took place just near the described "artery"). And their remains after 100 years became part of the Muscovy. A little later, Russians and Bashkirs are tensely dividing the Samara upper reaches. In the 18th century, the entire Samara Riviera was covered by the "Pugachev region". In the year before last and at the beginning of the last century, barges with bread, leather and downy shawls were sailing here. Samara, on the other hand, became a major merchant center. During the Civil War, on the left bank of the Middle Volga and in the Orenburg region, several decisive battles took place with units of the Volunteer Army, the forces of the Czechoslovak corps and hundreds of Ural Cossacks (on the one hand) and divisions of the Red Army (on the other). Valerian Kuibyshev played a leading role in strengthening Soviet power in these places (once the city of Samara even bore his name). Chapaev's division is also known for some campaigns. The most dramatic episode of those "fratricidal" years was the "Czechoslovak pogrom" in Samara. The economic use of the Samara River began already in the pre-war and post-war Soviet years. Large reservoirs appeared in Sorochinsk and Samara, and small ones - along the entire channel. Irrigation ponds have also been built. Several channels are assigned to the fields. In the main city of the region, in Buzuluk and Sorochinsk, even more industrial or agricultural enterprises appear. As well as collective farms. We add that from Buzuluk to the very mouth of the river Samara has been used since ancient times as a transport artery for small cargo ships. The boats passed (and continue) to Sorochinsk. Unfortunately, today the lower reaches of the reservoir can hardly be called recreational. Samples showed that the water here is moderately polluted.
The source of the Samara River is located on one of the steppe ridges, which are the borderlands of the foothills of the Urals and the hummocks of the Obshchy Syrt. The bedding height is insignificant. The territory lies on the border of the Perevolotsky and Orenburg districts of the Orenbushchina. The source of the Samara River is a stream 0.5 meters wide, surrounded by gentle slopes of the nearest ridges covered with xerophytic vegetation. Nearby there are 2 dirt roads. The stream itself is hidden in a mini-booth. It already has a narrow, but dense (girder) bottom.
The mouth of the Samara River is its entrance to the Volga on the territory of the regional center of the same name. The arm is only 150 meters wide. It immediately has a lapel on the Suhaya Samarka channel. All banks are leveled in height, as well as with the water edge (on the right hand there is a cargo port, on the left - the urban area of Zasamarskaya Slobodka). Sukhaya Samarka plays the role of a volozhka, because on the contrary, it is a zaimishny and wooded island. Bovine.
In the upper third of the way, the Samara river moves first along the extreme foothills of the Urals, and then between the small hills of Obshchy Syrt. Moreover, agricultural land is pressed against the very edge (right from the start, already decorated with trees). The banks are high and clayey. The stream meanders endlessly. The width varies from 4 to 50 meters. However, there is also the Sorochinskoye reservoir at the mouth of the Gorelka. Between its shores 5.6 km. Further, in the southern suburbs of Buzuluk, on the left and right sides, there is already an ordinary plain of the Trans-Volga region. However hilly. The diameter here is stable - 60 meters. That is, in the center of its winding route, the course of the Samara River gradually flows around not the hills, but the most ordinary hillocks, gradually turning to the north more and more (here a shallow but long northern loop begins, which, on the contrary, ends with a sharp southern bend). On this curving (and most forested) section of the course, the Samara River passes the Buzuluk Bor, all sorts of dams, receives the resource of Toka, Tavolzhanka, adjoins the old Samara oxbow (from here begins a sharp increase in the number of oxbows), absorbs the Szezhaya and all the Swan streams, as well as passes the Krasnosamar Forest.
Width remains the same - up to 60 meters. The height of the left edge is reduced to insignificant marks, the right edge - from 6 to 2 meters. The lower terrace is composed of sandy loam and sands. The lower basin of the Samara River is a section where it merges with Domashka and with its own oxbows (meaning the territory of the Samara metropolis), as well as with Mikhailovskie ponds. The valley is 9 kilometers wide. Rivieras become extremely silted up. In some places they are overgrown with water lilies, algae or duckweed. The “finish” of the Samara river basin (up to the place described above) is marked by the leveling of the edges and an increase in the oxbow formations. The coastal surface is gradually becoming purely sandy. In addition, backwaters appear on the territory of the urban district. One of them (3rd) is 3,100 m wide. The channels and islands confuse the main channel. The locals call all this "Padovsky Staritsa".
Each trip begins with active planning of the route for each day, as a rule it concerns some distant trips to other cities or countries. I propose a series of publications with ready-made turnkey routes around my native Samara region, broken down by day, so that it is convenient to go on a weekend trip.
The first day is focused on visiting the Padovsky quarry. True, the quarry is located very far from the starting point (Togliatti), therefore I propose to dilute the path with other attractions. Route constructor, so you can remove unnecessary points to save time. The complete route is almost 450 km long.
The first point on the map is the Waterfall in the Elkhov ravine.
The waterfall is located between such villages as Syreika and Chubovka in the Elkhovy ravine. I honestly admit that they themselves did not get there because of the late check-out, but the photos are not bad. The Samara region does not indulge in waterfalls, so it should be interesting.
Not far from the waterfall there is another unusual attraction - Pink Lakes.
The exact reason for the origin of the pink color is unknown. There are many theories among the people from algae to wastewater treatment to waste disposal from neighboring factories. I recommend reading a detailed article about our walk along the Pink Lakes (click here)
The Baltika brewery is located almost opposite the lakes. You can ride a car around it, although there is no official museum or store.
Next door Alekseevsk feed mill with large production buildings
The article discusses the best places in Astrakhan for tourists to visit: attractions, cultural and entertainment facilities, interesting places for children, catering establishments.