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National parks and reserves in Belarus

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Officially, there are only rivers of the first category of difficulty (the easiest) for kayaking in Belarus. For the most part, they are rather slow and calm, there are almost no categorical sections on them: rapids, rifts, rifts and others.

This is due to the flat terrain and a small number of stones in the river beds, since the complexity of the river is formed from the speed of the current and the presence of rapids (rocky, shallow areas).

In turn, the speed of the current is determined based on the fullness of the river and on the slope of the channel. There are deep rivers in Belarus, but the slope of the channel is very small, which is great for beginners.

Stracha and Isloch are one of the most popular small rivers for kayaking in Belarus.

Among the water routes of Belarus, there are several rivers with a relatively fast flow and picturesque banks. The most popular of them are: the Stracha river, the Saryanka river (north-west of Belarus), the Isloch river (Minsk region). On these rivers, there are rifts, rifts, but they are poorly expressed and fall only under the first category of complexity. The rivers of the Nalibokskaya Pushcha are also interesting: their banks are covered with virgin forests.

Stracha River

It is informally believed that during the spring flood, when the highest flow rate is reached, the Stracha River reaches the second category of complexity. It flows through the protected area of ​​the Narochansky Park and has several rapids - obstacles corresponding to the 2nd category of difficulty. The rapids on Strac are artificial and appeared on the site of old mill dams, the more interesting the kayaking will be.

Saryanka River

The Saryanka River is good because it can be walked in 2 days (weekends), there are several interesting rocky rifts, there are a lot of attractions on the banks (a church and an old park in the village of Sarya, geological outcrops of dolomite rocks, border pillars on the border of Belarus and Latvia, in the town of Osveya, closest to the starting point, there is the northernmost church of Belarus, the ruins of an old manor house and an abandoned park, the second largest lake in Belarus, Osveiskoye lake with the largest lake island in Belarus with the strange name Du and a floating ghost island named Master).

Rafting on the lakes of Belarus

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Today there are four national parks on the territory of the Republic of Belarus: Belovezhskaya Pushcha, Narochansky, Braslav Lakes, Pripyatsky; and two state reserves: Berezinsky Biosphere and Polessky Radiation-Ecological Reserve.

As a rule, reserves are closed for tourists, but some of them can still be visited: get on an eco-excursion, or go to a museum. All natural protected areas were formed in the 20th century:

  • 1925 - the first reserve, Berezinsky, was created in the BSSR.
  • 1939 - the Belovezhskaya Pushcha reserve was created on the territory annexed to the BSSR.
  • 1969 - the Pripyat Reserve was created.
  • 1989 - Polesie Reserve was created.
  • 1991 - The Belovezhskaya Pushcha reserve was transformed into a national park.
  • 1995 - The Braslav Lakes National Park was created.
  • 1996 - The Pripyatsky Reserve was transformed into the Pripyatsky National Park (increasing the area).
  • 1999 - Narochansky National Park was created.

Belovezhskaya Pushcha

Undoubtedly, the most famous and largest national park in Belarus is Belovezhskaya Pushcha, located in the Brest region. This is the largest remnant of a relict primeval plain forest in Europe. In 1992, by the decision of UNESCO, the State National Park "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" was included in the List of World Heritage of Humanity.

Belovezhskaya Pushcha has no equal in Europe in terms of the number of plant and animal species. This national park is home to hundreds of ancient oak trees that are over 500 years old.

Here you can also meet and photograph bison in their natural habitat. There are also rare birds such as the black stork, white-tailed eagle and the gray crane.

Belovezhskaya Pushcha is interesting as an object of ecological tourism. Representatives of the local flora and fauna can be found in the Museum of Nature, where spacious enclosures are equipped for animals.

The beauty of the national park can be admired while walking along the many hiking trails. Also here is the residence of the Belarusian Father Frost, which will be of interest to young visitors to the park.

Berezinsky Nature Reserve

The Berezinsky Biosphere Reserve is located in the northern part of Belarus at a distance of 120 kilometers from Minsk, on the border of the Vitebsk and Minsk regions. The center of the reserve is the village of Domzheritsy, Lepel district. The reserve is included in the world network of UNESCO biosphere reserves, the total area is 85 thousand hectares.

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