The short Yakut summer is in full swing. Who and, most importantly, when will be able to enjoy the natural beauty of the republic in the new conditions?
The high tourist season in Yakutia starts at the end of April. However, the industry, which was included in the list of the most affected by the pandemic, has not yet started to work.
“We have been unemployed for the third month already, no financial receipts,” says businessman Mikhail Mestnikov. - The spring season has completely fallen out, and more than half of June is already behind us. At this time, we were engaged in documentation, made and improved the site, looked for partners in other regions, worked out routes - in general, we did not sit idle.
We have been providing travel services for 8 years. All its own - tents, kayaks, sleeping bags and a professional instructor staff: 12 reliable, experienced specialists. Each of them was trained for several years, all are in the Russian register of instructors-guides of the federal department of sports tourism. Fortunately, the work is seasonal, in the summer, so we managed to keep the team.
We communicate with other Yakut tour operators, we have our own group in the messenger. Everyone is in the same position now. We are very much supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the republic, we constantly keep in touch with them. We communicate with the tourism development department almost every day, they immediately react to our proposals. During this time, a very good opinion has developed about Irina Vysokikh and her team. Now, through the portal "My Business", the reception of documents in six areas is organized to help entrepreneurs in the field of tourism. Recently, documents were submitted for 3 types of subsidies: the cost of purchasing tourist equipment, renting premises, creating and maintaining websites. There is also a federal grant for the creation of new routes, but they have several very strict requirements that we do not fall under, including the number of employees. "
At the beginning of summer, tour operators in Yakutia conduct mainly weekend tours, which are designed for local residents.
“The volume of domestic tourism in the republic, I think, will recover - hardly anyone will go abroad until August,” says Mikhail Mestnikov. “In addition, now everyone has missed nature - this is necessary to strengthen health, immunity, to meet the harsh Yakut winter fully armed.
There are no two identical trips. Natural routes are like a living creature, every year something changes, develops, and is added. Each of them takes a very long time to develop. For example, let's take one of the simplest, along the Sinyaya River. I have a great tourist experience, I have been familiar with this river for a long time, but when I began to lead people, I looked at it with different eyes. I started looking for more interesting places, safe exits to the rocks. As for difficult hikes in the mountains for prepared tourists, like our “The Lost World of Indigirka”, it takes several years to complete such a route.
New routes appear every year, and the interest in them in the republic is great. It is more difficult with residents of other regions, who also often come to us. They are threatened with 14 days of self-isolation, and this is very disturbing. If they knew for sure that this requirement would be canceled from July 1, people would start booking and buying tickets and tours right now - there are many requests. When this issue is resolved, it will be possible to work normally. "
The Nuya River is known for the most part to the inhabitants of the areas through which it flows. But this does not detract from its recreational value and the value of the virgin biotope on its shores. Moreover, this is not the last (6th largest!) Tributary of the Lena. And the length is quite decent. Nuya is known to water travelers as the 2nd category of difficulty ...
The Nuya River is 798 km long. Its pool is 38,100 square kilometers. The average width reaches 420 meters, the maximum (at the mouth) is 670 meters. The width of the entire estuary formed in the arm is 2,000 meters. The average consumption is equal to 113.6 cubic meters per second. The river flows exclusively through Yakutia (the Republic of Sakha). Heading east, with a large southwest loop in the first half of the journey. The food is mainly snow-fed. Freezing up lasts from mid-October to April inclusive. Flood in May. The rise of the water level in high water reaches 7 meters! There are about 64 tributaries (not counting streams). The main ones are the left (after all, the pool is very asymmetric) - Tympichan, Hamaki, Ulakhan-Marbayi, Ochchugui-Murbayi and Betinche.
The Nuya River was formed together with the Prilensky plateau. It has been inhabited by people (ancestors of the Kets, Evens and Evenks) from the Stone Age. The first description of the Nuya River belongs to Russian explorers. However, the name is taken from the second (Yakut) population of these places. "New Way" is translated as "Wet Place." Since the 18th century, the Nyuya River has been completely in the hands of the Yakuts and Russians. And the Evenks are retreating to neighboring lands. Economic use began in the Soviet years: until now, limestone is mined on certain fragments. The widespread transport use of the Nuya River served to increase the number of fishing settlements, and later, tiny villages in their place. Even today, the last 146 Nyu kilometers are navigable for medium-sized ships. And on "motorboats" you can get even higher. Closer to the mouth of the Nyuya river, the agglomeration of the Murbaysko-Nyuisky nasleg of the Lensky district began to take shape. Now on "our" river it includes 2 settlements at once (Nyuyu Yuzhny and Nyuya Severnaya). 6 captures. The administrative center in Nue South. In addition, the village of Turukta belongs to the naslegu (it is on the Lena).
The source of the Nyuya River is located on one of the heights of the Prilensky plateau, at an elevation of 450 meters above sea level. This is on the very border of the Lensky District of Yakutia and the Katangsky District of the Irkutsk Region. The location is densely overgrown with classic light coniferous taiga. The source of the Nyuya River is an insignificant watercourse, sandwiched by two low ridges. And he descends deeper and deeper into the space between them. Recreation is interesting because for more than 100 kilometers around there is not a settlement, even a fishing village or some kind of hunter's winter quarters ...
The mouth of the Nyuya River is an estuary consisting of the outlets of 3 water bodies at once. The width of the main one is 670 meters, the rest are much narrower. The entire estuary opens out into the Lena, about 2,000 meters wide - there are 3 treeless islands in this area, the most elongated of which has a diametrical distance of 2,500 meters. High herbage. The territory on both sides belongs to the Lensky District of the Sakha Republic. And beyond the western end of the presented estuary, the village of Nyuya Yuzhnaya is already located.
Among the low ridges, the Nyuya river moves for the first 107 kilometers. The open swampy sections of the sloping plain are often bypassed. Its width is insignificant (up to 25 meters). There are tiny lakes right in the channel basin. Later, the course of the Nyuya River, continuing to be meandering, now meadow, now densely wooded, passes through the low banks. However, from the tip of Tympychan the water "road" again flows into a deep valley with high steep slopes (from 80 to 120 m). The river Nyuya has a more significant cross-section here and continues to make loops. The water lines are still pebbly. Only here the speed becomes slow. From the middle of the path, the azimuth almost coincides with the angle of movement of Lena. The Nyuya river enters its lower basin at 260 km from the mouth. Only at sharp turns does the river accelerate its run. In a wide low-lying valley, consisting of swamp-meadow and sparsely wooded patches. The area is becoming the most populated. The most significant tributaries enter. On this stretch, the forest approaches the water itself and no longer strays far. The plants are the same. Rolls gradually disappear. And after another 114 kilometers of the course of the Nyuya River, you will notice different, not very large vessels. And in the same section, the watercourse temporarily narrows, but becomes deeper.
The distance between the shores 110 kilometers below Bechenchi is not less than 200 m. Oxidis lakes appear in large numbers. Further, the water space increases in many natural boundaries up to 400-500 m. The extreme section of the Nyuya river basin splits into channels, islands are formed in the channel, mainly stony treeless spits. The width of the main bank entrance to Lena is described in the corresponding chapter. The other two banks are formed at a point 1,200 meters from the mouth. And on it, between the pebble stones, sometimes chalcedony, carnelians, and also agates shine.
The capital of the largest region of Russia, a city where houses are "on their feet" because of the permafrost, and people do not jam their cars all winter because of the cold. All this is Yakutsk. Go to Yakutia in summer or winter is up to you. In winter you can feel the real Yakut frosts, in summer you can fully appreciate the beauty of the Yakut nature.
Yakutsk is one of the oldest Russian cities. The date of its foundation is considered to be 1632, when a detachment of Cossacks led by Peter Beketov laid the foundation for the Yakutsk prison on the left bank of the Lena River. Although some historians believe that a settled settlement appeared here much earlier.
Until recently, it was possible to get to Yakutsk only by plane. Direct flights all year round fly from Moscow, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg. It's fast (a flight from Moscow will take six hours), convenient, and, alas, quite expensive. Since August of this year, it has become possible to get to Yakutsk by train, although it will take not six hours, but six days.
If you find yourself in Yakutsk in the summer, be sure to:
Yakutsk is a compact city, its center can be bypassed in a couple of hours. The main street - Lenin Avenue - connects three squares - Friendship, Lenin and Ordzhonikidze. This area can be called a historical center, although the oldest buildings here were built relatively recently - in the 1940s-1950s.
Not far from Lenin Square is the historical and architectural complex Old Town, which contains samples of wooden architecture typical for Yakutsk of the 17-18 centuries. Contrary to the name, all objects in the Old City are remakes. However, they were reconstructed in accordance with the original buildings, none of which have survived to this day. The last original monument - the eastern gate tower of the Yakutsk prison, which is the symbol of the city, burned down in 2002. In the same year, for the celebration of the 370th anniversary of Yakutsk, it was recreated according to the preserved drawings.
For those who are interested in the history of the city and the culture of the peoples of Yakutia, we recommend visiting the Yakutsk State United Museum of the History and Culture of the Peoples of the North named after Eat. Yaroslavsky, which is located a few blocks from the Old Town.
In the center of the Old City there are shopping arcades "Kruzhalo", where the best jewelry brands of Yakutia are collected, offering a wide selection of jewelry made of gold and silver and, of course, Yakut diamonds. Here you can also buy souvenirs, Yakut knives, traditional musical instruments khomuses and much more. Previously, on the site of Kruzhal there was a market, immediately behind which a berth for ships began.
We offer the opportunity to raft along the quiet picturesque Sinyaya River, the left tributary of the Lena River, along the natural monuments - the Blue Pillars outliers. The journey begins and ends in Yakutsk, the capital of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
The Sinyaya River flows through the territories of the Sinyiye and Lena Pillars Parks, which are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
In the summer-autumn of 2021, we offer 2 options for rafting down the Sinyaya River with a visit to the Lena Pillars Park.
Recommended period: June - early September. Duration: 8 days. Route: Yakutsk - Berdigestyakh of the Gorny ulus - Sinyaya river (rafting) - the village of Sinsk - Bulgunnyakhtakh - Yakutsk.
The ideal period is July - the first half of August. There is enough water in the river, and the sunny weather is conducive to comfortable outdoor recreation and swimming.
In June, as a rule, the authorities impose a ban on travel to forest areas for recreation due to the high risk of forest fires. The ban usually lasts until June 15th.
In the second half of August, the water level in the Sinyaya River drops, which complicates the passage of the route. In this regard, we propose to provide for more days to complete the route or consider alternative options with a transfer to the starting point of the rafting on a PVC boat with a water cannon or along the shore in an all-wheel drive vehicle.
In September, on the contrary, the river may be filled with water due to heavy autumn rains. However, it is cool during this period, frosts occur at night, but the golden autumn and stunning pillars compensate for all the "climatic" inconveniences.
Photo author: Bolot Bochkarev.
Paying special attention to the internal infrastructure of tourism in Russia, and in particular in Yakutia, has become relatively recent. In 2015, the republic celebrated the 50th anniversary of the development of tourism in Yakutia. Transport logistics, service level and pricing policy clearly require careful study and fundamental reforms. How can domestic tourism grow? How to attract more tourists? Experts of the magazine “Open. Open University ".
It cannot be said that tourism in Yakutia was in stagnation: it has been growing steadily for several years, by 10-15% annually. According to the Republican Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Tourism Development, in 2015, 148 thousand Russian citizens and about five thousand foreigners visited Yakutia. The main flow of foreign tourists to Yakutia is from the Asia-Pacific region.
At present, 225 enterprises are ready to receive tourists in the republic: restaurants, hotel complexes, recreation centers, as well as 15 tour operators. Domestic tours are offered by 65% of companies. According to 2015 data, 42% of travel agencies operate in the status of a travel agent, a third - in the status of a tour operator, and less than a quarter combine both forms of activity - a tour operator and a travel agent.
As for the domestic tourism market, it is seasonal.
The first massive season of consumer demand growth is observed in late winter - early spring, with a peak at the end of March.
“At this time, the growth in sales of weekend programs in tourist facilities concentrated in the vicinity of Yakutsk and nearby uluses is sharply increasing. The largest tourist season in the domestic market is summer, with a peak in July and early August. At this time 10, the townspeople in most cases acquire cruise and other programs related to travel to the river. Lena and other rivers, ”the relevant ministry reports.
If we leave aside expensive transport, especially air travel, and the fatal underdevelopment of infrastructure, and talk about more prosaic things, what picture will come out? What does any tourist want after leaving the airport and checking into a hotel?
There is an opinion that due to the fact that in Yakutia they do not know how to serve people due to their mentality, Yakutia will never become an attractive place for tourism. Yakutia is not hospitable, people are impolite, they do not know how to present themselves, receive and see off tourists. When will the region learn to do this? And is it worth learning?
Tourism and travel are widespread entertainment, and many people have been able to travel to other countries and see a lot of interesting things. Nonetheless