Surely many have heard the phrase "water skiing" and even roughly understand what this sport is. It is not necessary to be an extreme lover in order to understand in general terms what it is and “what it is eaten with”.
But lately, more and more people want to know about skiing. This is not surprising. Sport is becoming more and more popular, and they are even thinking of including it in the Olympic program.
We will try to tell you everything we know about this shell.
Externally, water skiing is very similar to cross-country skiing. But they have several significant differences. Firstly, water skiing is wider, since their main task is to keep afloat and keep a person. Secondly, their attachments involve fixing a bare foot. That is, the athlete fixes such skis on his leg without the use of special boots.
The first skis for water skiing appeared back in 1922. Enthusiast Ralph Samuelson, driven by his own curiosity, decided to experiment with conventional cross-country skiing. Among other things, the innovator checked whether they can stay on the water surface.
In order to be able to ride on the water, Samuelson had to slightly increase the width of the boards and equip them with special mounts. After that, he arranged a test drive on Lake Pepin. The race was very successful.
As is often the case with sports equipment, water skiing was reinvented in 1925. The innovator was a man named Fred Waller, who had never heard of Samuelson or his invention.
Waller was able to obtain a patent for a sports product and began producing it under the Dolphin Akwa-Skees brand.
Skiing is represented by almost two dozen disciplines, most of which are included in the program of the Winter Olympic Games. The classification of skiing involves the allocation of 8 groups, among which races, alpine skiing, freestyle and snowboarding are the most extensive. General characteristics unite the types of skiing in each of the groups discussed below.
Skiing started with racing. Therefore, they are considered classics of skiing and train endurance well. They have been present in the Olympic program from the very beginning of the organization of the winter games. Skier's Modes of Movement:
Sprint. Like running, ski sprint is a short distance race. Running sprint distances are too short for a winter rider. Therefore, they were increased to a minimum of 800 m for women and 1000 m for men. The maximum length of the sprint distance for men is 1600 m (in the team version).
Team Sprint is one of the most entertaining competitions. Each team has 2 people. After the first team has run the distance, it is replaced by the second - so they alternate three times, carrying out a total of 6 races. The winning teams will run in the semifinals and finals with a mass start.
Pursuit Pursuit Race. They are subdivided into regular persuit (with a break between stages) and skiathlon (without a break). At the first stage, a regular costume is started individually with a frequency of 30 seconds. At the second stage - after a few hours or days - the participants enter the track in the sequence and with the time difference with which they came to the finish line at the first stage.
The skiathlon has a massive start, and there is no break between stages. The specificity of the pursuit without interruption is that athletes need to overcome the first part of the path in a classical way, then change skis and ride in a free style. At the same time, the stopwatch is not stopped, which gives the competition an additional gambling component.
The distance of each stage in the pursuit is from 5 to 15 km. Long-distance pursuits for one day require good endurance from the skier.
Relays. 4 teams participate in ski relay races, each of them has 4 people. One person runs one distance (up to 10 km), touches the second one by the members of his team, passing the baton to him - and so on, all four athletes. The first and second skiers run only in the classical style, the third and fourth skiers - free.
We invite you to a ski sports trip. The route is suitable only for those who have experience of winter field lodging and confidently skiing from the passes. It is advisable to enjoy driving on the track with a backpack. The Khibiny tundra is a wonderful place for those who want to improve their skills in ski tourism. It is possible to receive (in advance, for training and during the hike) ski sets (wide skis with universal mounts "Azimuth", shoe covers with galoshes, poles). It is possible to train on winter trips BEFORE a hike in the Leningrad region. We recommend participating in at least two.
We will spend the night warm. Overnight in a tent tent, where you can dry things. We will cook food on the fire on our own, for two people, hot meals are planned only in the morning and in the evening. During the day on the route, enhanced snacks with hot tea from thermoses are provided.
The cost of the voucher includes: provision of public equipment; provision of food; application to the ICC; insurance; first aid kit; repair kit; work of an instructor; transport to the starting point of the route and to the station Apatity.
The cost of the voucher does not include: the cost of travel by rail (from 5000 from St. Petersburg); provision of personal equipment; provision of food on the way; emergency transportation of the participant to Kirovsk from the route (from 5000); payment for accommodation in Apatity (Kirovsk) (from 500 days).
Participation in a two-day test trip to St. Petersburg two to three weeks before the hike or an interview with the head, provision of certificates of participation in a sports hike of the first category of complexity and the absence of health problems is mandatory.
The route is declared at the Central MCC of St. Petersburg and is registered with the Ministry of Emergencies. The report on the trip takes part in the Championship of St. Petersburg in ski sports tourism with possible subsequent assignment of categories.
The train from St. Petersburg arrives at the Apatity station at 18 o'clock. The ordered transport will take us from the station to the village of Koashva. On the first day, our task is to move away from the road for about 1.5 km and set up (in the dark!) A camp (the presence of headlamps is required). This process may take some time - the depth of the snow cover can reach 1. meters.
After waking up and having breakfast (who is on duty first?), we assemble the camp and start moving. The more we go today, the less we go tomorrow. Most likely, on this day, the main difficulty on the ski track will be its ... absence. Our path runs along the ice of Umbozero. We stop for a snack on one of the islands or capes. We cross the Tulilukht bay and set up a camp. 0 km.
Sports tourism is a sport based on competitions on routes that include overcoming categorized obstacles in the natural environment (passes, peaks (in mountain tourism), rapids (in water tourism), canyons, caves and etc.), and at distances laid in the natural environment and on artificial relief.
Sports tourism in the USSR, as a sport, was included in the Unified All-Union Sports Classification 1 in 1949. When assigning sports categories and the title of Master of Sports, the number and complexity of the completed campaigns, as well as the experience of independent management of them, are taken into account. The difficulty is determined by the duration and length of the routes, the number and variety of natural obstacles. Multi-day trips (hiking, skiing, water, mountain, cycling, car, motorbike and moped trips) are carried out along routes of 5 categories of difficulty. Routes of increased difficulty, especially categories 4-5, require good general physical and special training. Hikes are carried out, as a rule, with the assistance of sports and tourist clubs, councils of sports societies, physical education groups. As a means of year-round training of tourists, the so-called. weekend hikes and competitions in types of tourist equipment (for some, all-union competitions are held).
The procedure for the formation of tourist groups, the rights and obligations of their participants and leaders, paperwork, development and preparation of routes, etc. are regulated by the "Rules for organizing and conducting amateur tourist trips and travels in the USSR" (approved by the Central Council for Tourism and Excursions of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions in 1972).
Sports tourism is the preparation and conduct of sports travel in order to overcome an extended wilderness on skis (ski tourism), by means of rafting (water tourism) or on foot in the mountains (mountain tourism). The sports trip is carried out by an autonomous group of 6-10 people. It happens that travelers do not come across any traces of civilization for a month. To complete the route, you must not only be strong, dexterous, courageous and stubborn, but also possess a wide range of special knowledge from obstacle overcoming techniques to human physiology in extreme conditions. Unlike conventional travel, sports travel includes a set of natural obstacles classified by difficulty. As a rule, mountain peaks and passes are such obstacles in mountain and ski tourism, and river rapids in water tourism. The classified obstacles form the basis of the method for comparing travel by their complexity. It's like assessing the difficulty of a gymnastics or figure skating program. The most difficult trips, performed brilliantly, are nominated for the Moscow championship and the Russian championship.
The organization and conduct of sports trips are subject to the Rules, which are approved by the Tourist and Sports Union of Russia. The experience of many generations of travelers is accumulated in these Rules. Therefore, during their implementation, the level of safety achieved in sports tourism is guaranteed. This is controlled by the system of route qualification commissions (ICC). In particular, the ICC checks the preparedness of the group for entering the route and the correspondence of the experience of the participants of the trip to its complexity. In accordance with the Rules, sports travel can have six categories of difficulty (c.). If travel first to. feasible for beginners, then travel sixth k. extreme even for the strongest and most experienced travelers. Indeed, mountain “sixes” in some areas may include climbing to peaks over 7000 m, ski “sixes” are hundreds and hundreds of kilometers of path in forty-degree frost along the endless Siberian ridges, water “sixes” are breathtaking rafting along the furious rivers of Altai and Srednyaya Asia.
The system of sports tourism, created over the course of decades, minimally restricts the travelers' initiative. Nowadays, sports travel can be arranged to anywhere in the world, and anyone can become a group leader, as long as he has experience of participating in a trip of the same category of complexity and experience of leadership in travel, which is one category easier. The rest of the team members must have experience of participating in a simpler (one category) trip. In addition to this basic principle, the Rules stipulate exceptions to more fully take into account the actual experience of travelers (for example, mountaineering experience or experience in other types of sports tourism). The master level in sports tourism is associated with travel guidance of the highest (5th and 6th) categories of difficulty. Therefore, making two trips a year, a gifted athlete reaches this level in 5-6 years.
Different types of sports tourism:
pedestrian tourism - movement on the tourist route is carried out mainly on foot. The main task is to overcome relief and landscape obstacles on foot, for high categories of difficulty - in areas with difficult terrain and climatic conditions.
ski tourism - movement on the tourist route is made mainly on skis. The main task is to overcome relief and landscape obstacles on snow and snow-ice cover on skis, for high categories of difficulty - in conditions of harsh climatic zones and in mountainous terrain.
Ideal country for sports tourism
Those who like to play sports outdoors and away from big cities are in the right place in Uzbekistan. The mild climate allows you to practice most sports almost all year round. There are four well-equipped mountain resorts for classic winter sports: Chimgan, Beldersay, Amirsoy and Yangiabad. Their number will soon grow.
Uzbekistan offers numerous opportunities for extreme sports thanks to its vast and varied landscapes, although these sports are still new to the country. These include:
- extreme skiing, snowboarding;
- Motorcycle racing, Rallying, motocross;
- skateboarding, mountain biking, rock climbing, canyoning and paragliding.
The huge mountainous regions of the country are especially attractive.
Mountain tourism in Uzbekistan is a small but rapidly developing industry. This includes hiking through beautiful mountain landscapes, mountaineering, visiting mountain caves, winter skiing in one of four modern resort complexes. These are ancient mountain fortresses from the times of the Akhmenids (6-4 centuries BC) and Alexander the Great (4th century BC), rock paintings that are many thousands of years old. These are breathtaking panoramic views of mountain heights from 3000 to 4000 meters. It is a seclusion in remote traditional mountain villages with warm and hospitable people. This is a unique flora, endemic and rare animals under threat of extinction, beautiful waterfalls, mountain lakes and raging mountain rivers.
Uzbekistan is one of the few countries that do not have access to the sea or the ocean, but still there is a huge number of places for water tourism - this is the deep-water Charvak reservoir in the foothills of the western Tien Shan, countless raging rivers and huge, similar to sea lakes such as Aydarkul, Sudochye and Tashmore.
During your rest, here you can ride a scooter or explore the surroundings on a catamaran with a breeze, for fans of extreme recreation, many tour operators offer rafting tours along the Chatkal, Pskem, Ugam, Syrdarya rivers and many other places.
Aydarkul - an oasis of pristine beauty
Rafting tours along the rivers of Gorny Altai Rafting tours along the Katun river The route runs along the Chuysky tract to the mouth of the Bolshoy Yaloman river. The route runs from the village. Chibit to s. Barangol. IN
It is difficult to imagine another place like the Altai Republic. For the unique landscape, originality untouched by civilization, foreigners call