In addition to rafts, other floating facilities are used in water travel, both old and ultramodern - kayak tours, kayaking, catamarans, sailing ships, etc.
Rafts, various boats, bots and other vessels, national or recreated according to old models, are very popular.
The pioneer of this area is no doubt the great traveler Thor Heyerdahl. His sailing on the famous rafts "Kon-Tiki", "Ra", "Tigris" laid the foundation for a whole direction in extreme tourism - overcoming the seas and oceans alone or in very small groups on very small and fragile rowing boats.
The famous Norwegian explorer took his first trip with five comrades back in 1947. The route of the brave group lay from the coast of Peru to the islands of Polynesia. Due to the exceptional determination and skill of the members of the expedition, with whom they made, using minimal material equipment, a dangerous sea voyage across the Pacific Ocean, this journey is one of the most daring and outstanding expeditions of the 20th century.
On a simple raft of nine logs tied with ropes of plant stems, with the simplest square sail, the explorers traveled about 4300 nautical miles from the coast of South America to the Polynesian islands. They sailed in their very small raft twice as far as Christopher Columbus on his first voyage to the islands of the West Indies, which he made in well-equipped seagoing ships, albeit small in size.
The success of Thor Heyerdahl's voyage was due to an accurate analysis of the interaction of currents and winds in that part of the Pacific Ocean in which the voyage took place. In terms of the depth of scientific foresight and the courage of the enterprise, this expedition can only be compared with the drift across the Arctic Ocean, carried out in 1893–1896. another prominent Norwegian navigator, Fridtjof Nansen.
Thor Heyerdahl decided to refute the objection that it was impossible to sail from Peru to Polynesia on primitive Peruvian ships. By his trip to the Kon-Tiki, he brilliantly proved that on a raft, no different from the ancient Peruvian, you can sail, using the current and trade winds, almost to the center of Polynesia. Despite the fact that later Heyerdahl himself wrote that he proved by this only the excellent seaworthiness of basalt rafts, and hypotheses about the American or Asian origin of the Polynesians require additional scientific substantiation, his journey should be considered one of the most remarkable and daring scientific undertakings of the last century.
Heyerdahl's beginnings were picked up by dozens and hundreds of brave sailors. Of course, not everyone decides to go on a trip around the world on their own or with a small team on small boats. And nevertheless, today there are a lot of such daredevils in the world's oceans. One of the most famous of our compatriots, who has repeatedly surprised and admired the whole world, is, of course, Fedor Konyukhov.
Of course, there are “pure adrenaline-seekers” among sea travelers, but most of these expeditions pursue quite specific scientific and practical goals. Such trips bring a lot of useful information - messages about the weather, the state of the ocean, observations of the animal world, information about the pollution of surface waters, etc. are transmitted from ships. After all, not everything is visible from the high sides of huge liners plowing the seas and oceans.
Thus, extreme water tourism is directly related to ecological tourism. Man is just beginning to explore the depths of the sea. Considering the volume of the world's oceans (4/5 of the planet Earth is under water), we can say that we are just beginning to get acquainted with this amazing, mysterious world.
Another very important task of such extreme sea voyages is the testing of new types of floating facilities and equipment.
And, perhaps, the most important achievement of this direction in extreme tourism is the development of rules of behavior and methods for the survival of people, by accident (for example, as a result of a disaster and sinking of a ship, accidental falling overboard, making bathers and divers strong currents into the open sea, etc.) caught in the ocean in a force majeure situation. The experience of brave lone travelers has helped save more than one life.
Adventure tourism - the name speaks for itself. Well - especially for you, we will consider all the delights of this direction in our material.
The trails of Turkey indicated in the review were exploited by representatives of more than a dozen civilizations. Who knows: maybe Jesus walked along the one that you decided to use, the Achaean Achilles ran with a spear, or even earlier the Hittite emperor Suppilulium II moved in a chariot. But it was trampled by the first agrarian on Earth.