"Vestnik ATOR" begins a series of publications devoted to the arrangement of the tourism business in various countries. The first and second articles in this series are devoted to the United States, where an extremely original and unusual system of checks and balances in the regulation of the tourism business operates.
Since the 1970s, the United States federal government has pursued a policy of deregulation of tourism, with the result that travel regulation is now largely at the discretion of individual states.
So, while the tourism industry brings the United States hundreds of billions of dollars (the direct contribution of tourism to the country's GDP was almost 500 billion dollars in 2015) and employs about 10 million people, in the United States today there is no central a government agency that regulates tourism, such as the Russian Federal Tourism Agency or tourism ministries in other countries. There is also no federal licensing for travel agencies.
The FTC, the FTC and the US Department of Transportation, DOT oversee the most general "rules of the game" in the travel market.
In general, federal (but precisely federal) legal regulation of tourism in the United States is very “general” in nature. In general, the industry is affected by judicial decisions (US case law applies), government orders, including State Department acts), legislatures and regulations of individual agencies such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), and the like. The most general "rules of the game" in the travel market are enforced by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and the US Department of Transportation (U. Department of Transportation, DOT).
Recent legislative innovations in the field of tourism at the federal level in the United States were not mainly about tightening the rules, but creating additional opportunities to stimulate tourism activity - and mainly for domestic and inbound tourism.
So, in 2014 The Farmers Markets and Local Food Promotion Program (CFL § 3005) was adopted, which allows up to $ 15 million in government grants to promote agritourism. Farmers markets in the United States can now receive grants for business development and advertising to attract tourists - "in order to get acquainted with the peculiarities of local cultural life." Such legislation is an example of the implementation of the National Tourism and Travel Strategy that is being developed. Minister of Commerce.
The US federal authorities are pursuing a fairly tough and consistent line on regulating the airline industry to maximize the protection of tourists' rights
At the same time, the US federal authorities are pursuing a fairly tough and consistent line on regulating the aviation industry to maximize the protection of the rights of tourists. These issues at the federal level are under the jurisdiction of the Department of Transportation (DOT), which, in particular, also reports to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The ministry makes sure that airlines comply with internal transportation rules. nor quite strict and take precedence (!) over the Montreal Convention.
For example, in case of baggage loss, the airline is obliged to compensate passengers for its cost up to $ 3,300 per piece of baggage (the Montreal Convention assumes a limit of $ 1,750 per piece of baggage). Moreover, these rules apply to airlines that operate both on domestic and international flights from the United States.
Beach Resorts USA
Despite the fact that the United States is not considered by our tourists as a beach destination, the southern part of the country has great potential for beach tourism, if only because the United States is washed by oceans on both sides. Traveling to the USA is a great opportunity to combine several types of recreation at once and diversify your trip, including a beach vacation. Once in the United States, do not miss the opportunity to relax on the vast sandy beaches, do water sports and plunge into the idle atmosphere of doing nothing. Today we will tell you about the best resort places and the best beaches in the country. In our selection, both island and continental destinations: debunking the myth that the United States, as a destination, is not suitable for a beach holiday.
Hawaii is the 50th US state and is located in the Pacific Ocean, 4000 km from Los Angeles (the closest starting point on the continent). Hawaii is considered a favorite vacation spot for Americans themselves. As we say that any resident of the country rested in Sochi at least once in his life, then in America it is considered good form to relax at least once in his life in Hawaii.
Since the contingent here is mostly local, the resort cannot be called cheap either. It will not work to find apartments on the first coastline at a reasonable price. However, if you do not pursue the prestige of hotels located right on the beaches, then finding a budget option becomes easier. As a rule, a more economical accommodation option can be found if you opt for small apart-hotels or apartments, rather than chain hotels designed for a large number of guests.
The Hawaiian archipelago includes 6 islands at once, but Oahu is considered the most suitable for a beach holiday, it is here that the most famous beach of the Hawaiian Islands - Waikiki is located. In addition to beach idleness, here in Waikiki you can do a variety of sports, incl. surfing (the beach is considered a great place for beginners), canoeing, snorkeling or scuba diving, yachting, and even shark watching!
Each of the islands of the Hawaiian archipelago "specializes" in something of its own, for example, snorkeling lovers should go to Molokini, the sea views here are stunning, and all of them are located at a shallow depth. For diving, i.e. a deeper dive, it is worth going to Lanai. In Maui, you can watch shoals of humpback whales during the season, and there is also a famous National Volcanic Park. Read more about this and other US national parks here: US National Parks.
But a better beach holiday than Oahu is hard to find. In addition to Waikiki, Hanauma Bay, Lanikai, Waimea Bay and Kahana Bay are considered excellent beaches. The latter, by the way, is included in the list of the best beaches in the world, due to its authenticity and location near the mountain ranges.
Los Angeles is considered not only the city of angels (thanks to its name), but also the city of beaches. Situated on the West Pacific coast, Los Angeles has one of the most potent potential in the beach industry, and while it is considered one of the world's most popular beach destinations, the possibilities are still virtually endless.
Please note that Los Angeles is a large metropolitan area and you need to choose specific areas for your beach holiday that are adjacent to the ocean. The names of such beach places as Venice Beach, Malibu, Santa Monica, Santa Barbara, Long Beach are known far beyond the borders of the United States. Each of these beaches specializes in something different: Venice Beach is famous for its relaxed atmosphere, Malibu for its surfer beach, Long Beach for its democratic atmosphere, and the beach towns of Santa Monica and Santa Barbara for their restaurant piers and promenades.
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The United States of America (often referred to simply as the United States, America, or the United States) is a federal constitutional republic made up of 50 states and the District of Columbia with the capital Washington. The country is located mainly in the center of North America. The 48 states and the District of Columbia lie between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. The state of Alaska is located in the northwest of the continent, bordered by Canada in the east and has a water border with Russia in the west in the Bering Strait. The state of Hawaii is located on an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. The country also has several more island territories, and, for example, the island of Puerto Rico is a US-controlled territory, but not completely subordinate.
With an area of 9.83 million km2 and a population of 327,167,434, the United States ranks third in total area and population. The USA is one of the most ethnically and culturally diverse countries. The US economy is the largest in the world with a GDP of $ 18,558 billion.
The nation was formed by thirteen British colonies along the Atlantic coast. On July 4, 1776, they signed the Declaration of Independence, proclaiming their independence from Great Britain. The rebellious states won the War of Independence against Great Britain, the first successful colonial war of its kind. The Philadelphia Convention adopted the United States Constitution on September 17, 1787; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic with a strong central government. The Bill of Rights, which included ten constitutional amendments and guaranteed many civil rights and freedoms, was ratified in 1791
In the 19th century, the United States acquired territories that belonged to France, Spain, Great Britain, Mexico and Russia, and also annexed the Republic of Texas and the Republic of Hawaii. Conflicts between the agrarian South and the industrial North over state rights and the spread of slavery sparked the American Civil War in the 1860s. The victory of the North prevented the gradual division of the country and brought about the end of legal slavery in the United States. By the 1870s. the national economy has become the largest in the world. The Spanish-American War and World War I reaffirmed the status of the country's armed forces. In 1945, the United States withdrew from World War II as the first country with nuclear weapons, a permanent member of the UN Security Council and one of the founders of NATO. The end of the Cold War and the split of the Soviet Union made the United States the world's only superpower. Now this country accounts for about 50% of world military spending, and it is also a leader in the world economy, politics and culture.
The total area of 48 states is about 9.5 million m2. Alaska, separated from the United States by Canada, is the largest state with an area of 1.7 million km 2. Hawaii, which occupies an archipelago in the center of the Pacific Ocean, southwest of North America, has an area of 28,311 km 2. After Russia and Canada, the United States ranks third or fourth in the world in terms of total area, competing with China. The place of the United States depends on how the two disputed regions between India and China are accounted for, as well as on how the total area is calculated: according to the CIA World Factbook, the area is 9,826,630 km2, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica ) - 9 522 055 km 2. Considering only the area above sea level, the United States ranks third after Russia and China.
The close proximity of the western territories to the Atlantic Ocean gives rise to the deciduous trees and hills in Piedmont. The Appalachians separate the east coast from the Great Lakes and the Midwest plains. The Mississippi and Missouri rivers (together - the fourth longest river system in the world) flow mainly from north to south through the center of the country. The flat, fertile prairies of the Great Plains, which stretch to the west, are interrupted by the highlands to the southeast. The Rocky Mountains to the west of the Great Plains extend from north to south of the mill, reaching heights of over 4300 m in Colorado. Further west is the rocky Great Basin and deserts. The Sierra Nevada and the Cascade Mountains lie near the Pacific coast. At 6,194, Mount McKinley in Alaska is the highest point in the United States. Active volcanoes are common on the Alexander and Aleutia Islands in Alaska, as well as on some Hawaiian islands. The supervolcano is located under the Yellowstone National Park in the Rocky Mountains.
Almost all climatic types are represented in the United States, with its large size and geographical diversity. To the east, the climate varies from humid continental in the north to humid subtropical in the south. The southern part of the Florida Peninsula is in the tropical zone, like Hawaii. The Great Valleys to the west are semi-deserts. The western mountains are reminiscent of the alpine climate. The climate is hot in the Great Basin, desert in the southwest, Mediterranean off California, and oceanic in Oregon, Washington, and southern Alaska. Most of Alaska is dominated by a subarctic or polar climate. Climatic jumps are common in the United States, especially in the states bordering the Gulf of Mexico, where there are many tornadoes and hurricanes.
Capital: Washington Area: 9,833,520 km 2 Population: 327,167,434 (2018) Language: English Of. website: . isittheusa. om/
We will drive through the most interesting places in the Wild West. On cult places - here this common word is fully justified! Here is a partial list of the main places:
Let's get in touch with American culture, with the way of life and everyday life of this large and amazing country. We will evaluate the quality of the roads and partially repeat the path of Ilf and Petrov. "One-Story America", by the way, is warmly recommended for reading - both before the trip, as a preparation, and after - to understand how much has changed in the United States in 83 years.
Flights. The route starts and ends in Los Angeles, where you can buy tickets that are not terrifying for the price. And also Aeroflot flies here with direct flights.
The United States has an image of being a road to visit, and this is partly true; the main expense items are transport and hotels. Our program is as cheap as possible due to overnight stays in campsites and renting a car on which we will travel all 16 days.
Let's meet in Los Angeles. It is the epicenter of stellar life and Hollywood glitz, the world's entertainment capital. World famous films are shot here and Oscars are awarded, there is a childhood dream - Disneyland. And the white letters "Hollywood"! And the pier in Santa Monica where Forrest Gump started his race! In Los Angeles, stronger than anywhere else, you feel your community with the whole world.
If you arrived early or this morning, then we walk with the instructor all day. We meet with those who join later in the evening and go to spend the night in an apartment in the suburbs of the City of Angels. Let's see how ordinary Americans live, and what an average town is like, not flooded with crowds of tourists.
An extended move to Arizona is planned for today. The long road will be rewarded: a legend awaits us - the Grand Canyon! This is the second largest canyon on the planet: its length is almost 500 km, width is 28, and depth is 1.6 km. 18 million years of work of the surrounding rivers give us a real miracle! You cannot imagine this scale, you can only see!
Overnight at the campsite. Alongside our minibus will be tiny backpacker tents and giant motorhomes that are indispensable for the average American. A completely different, unusual for us attitude to outdoor recreation.
In Hawaii, the people of America themselves prefer to relax. However, it is worth mentioning that holidays on the islands will not be cheap. The best hotels in the Hawaiian Islands are located, of course, on the first coastline, right next to the ocean. Budget tourists, on the other hand, should look for apartments or inexpensive hotels further from the coast.
The archipelago includes as many as 6 islets. The most famous island is Oahu, home to the most popular Waikiki beach. On the beach, in addition to a relaxing pastime, you can enjoy active sports such as surfing, yachting, shark swimming or canoeing.
Each of the islands of Hawaii has its own individual specialization. For example, one of the islands is popular with snorkelers, the other offers all the conditions for diving, and so on. Maui has a volcanic park and whale watching.
Los Angeles is rightfully considered the city of beaches. It is located on the Pacific coast and is replete with the most famous beaches in America. Each of the Los Angeles beaches has its own specialization. For example, Venice Beach has a relaxed and calm atmosphere, Malibu is famous for its surfing, and Long Beach is a very democratic beach.
There are few budget hotels in the city and they are all far from the beach. The lowest prices in the Venice Beach area. There is an active life on the coastline of the city. Life is in full swing here around the clock and there are always a lot of people. The ocean water here is very noisy and hectic, which is great for surfing and other active water activities.
Key West is more popular with locals than travelers. Even the Presidents of the country have their own villas here. The best beach in the resort is Smathers Beach, which is very similar to the one shown in the ad for the coconut bar.
Hotels and apartments in Key West are quite expensive, so those who want to settle for little money should carefully search and book rooms in advance. Local artists and writers love to come to Key West, even Ernest Hemingway himself lived here (now a museum is equipped instead of his house).
Miami is a warm resort with an excellent climate throughout the year. The water in the Atlantic Ocean is warm, the beaches around are clean and well-equipped, and you can also meet many Russian tourists here.
Active tours in the Republic of Adygea: prices, programs, photos and reviews. We have prepared for you the most interesting routes with multi-day hiking, water and horse tours and rafting. Go on a journey with the Adventure Club!