Once upon a time cruise ships went from Volgograd to the Azov, Black, Caspian and White seas. Now, even in the midst of navigation, the quay walls of the river port look empty. And on the river there are few tankers and dry cargo ships. Is it possible today to return the glory of the "Port of the Five Seas" to the hero-city?
According to the data that were announced at the meeting of the State Council held in Volgograd, the depth of waterways has decreased by 25% over 25 years. Freight turnover of water transport decreased 3.3 times. For comparison, in 1990, the volume of transportation by water was almost equal to that of the road.
Passenger traffic also dropped sharply. So, in 2015, 13.5 million people were transported by water transport. In the 1980s, this figure reached 100 million passengers a year.
Safety issues on the river leave much to be desired. Everyone remembers the tragedy of the motor ship "Bulgaria", which claimed the lives of more than a hundred people.
Harbor berths are also unsafe for passengers. They are worn out and do not meet modern technical requirements.
So what is the reason for the decline? “The development of water transport is hampered by many factors,” says Viktor Koval, a historian who has been studying river transport for many years. - So far, the Volgograd river fleet loses more every year than gains. The freshest motor ship for local lines - the Moscow project - was built about 30 years ago. On the Volga you will not see high-speed hydrofoils or planing vessels. The last such passenger ship "Zarya 338R" was decommissioned four years ago. River workers say that it is unprofitable to carry passengers. Ship maintenance costs are higher than ticket revenues. There are no funds for new ships either. "
The situation with river transport is sinking, what can you do to stop this fall?
“The problem has worsened for decades, it cannot be taken and dramatically“ raised ”by the administrative desire of the authorities,” says Mikhail Bobichenko, a former river worker, helmsman of cargo ships. - To activate transportation, it is necessary to restore the guaranteed depths along the entire route, to implement new hydraulic solutions, it is necessary to restore the personnel training system. This costs hundreds of billions of rubles. "
“To restore local river transportation, the organizational will of the regional authorities is needed,” Koval agrees. - For example, if car traffic in the floodplain is limited, the river lines in these places will inevitably be restored - to Gromkov, Pokrovka, Karshevity, Chertkovsky Yar. After all, a transport alternative to river transport on the left bank has not been created. Cruise transportation is more complicated. The main thing is that river tourism is beneficial for both cruise companies and the Volzhans themselves. So far, the cost of one ticket for a tourist ship from Volgograd to Astrakhan reaches 30 thousand rubles. and higher. What kind of activation of demand can we talk about at such prices? They need to be made available. "
Vladimir Loboyko, Honored Ecologist of the Russian Federation, Professor of VolgSAU:
The Volgograd region has something to boast about!
The region's tourism potential is not just huge, it is colossal! We are really rich in history, sights, nature. But it is not enough just to own this property, it must be cultivated and promoted. After all, we have something to be proud of and something to show our guests.
For this "AiF" -NP "opens a new project" Unique region ", on the pages of which we will talk about the tourism potential of our region.
In total, there are 1164 historical and cultural monuments, 17 historical settlements, 923 architectural monuments, more than 20 thousand archaeological monuments and nine art monuments, 289 museums on the territory of the Volgograd region.
In Volgograd alone, there are five large museums, eight theaters, the Central Concert Hall, art galleries, a circus, a planetarium, a Sports Palace, four recreation parks, and there are also 190 historical monuments, 18 monuments of monumental art, 304 monument of architecture. This is all our tourism potential. It also includes seven specially protected natural areas of regional importance - natural parks with a total area of more than 10,000 square meters. km, which form the basis of ecological tourism in the region. By the decision of UNESCO, the natural park "Volgo-Akhtubinskaya floodplain" is included in the world network of biosphere reserves.
More than 30 large tourism projects were implemented in the Volgograd region in 2016. Perhaps one of the most important is the classification of hotels (awarding "stars"), which is necessary in preparation for the 2018 World Cup, participation in an international tourism exhibition in China, as well as the conclusion of cooperation agreements with Moscow and French Dijon.
According to the annual National Tourist Rating of Regions, the Volgograd Region over the past year has strengthened its positions in the development of regional tourist potential and tourist attractiveness both among domestic and foreign tourists by 26 points (!). Over the year, the region managed to "jump" in the ranking from 53rd to 27th place.
"In 2016, the Volgograd Region not only strengthened its position in the National Tourism Rating, showing a high growth, but also secured the support of the federal center in promoting regional tourism products in the domestic and international markets," the director of the regional Tourism Development Agency Maya Vlasova.
The growth of tourist potential is due to the state program "Development of culture and tourism in the Volgograd region" for 2015 - 2020. It includes improving the quality and availability of services in the field of domestic and inbound tourism; promotion of the tourist product of the Volgograd region in the world and domestic tourist markets; classification of collective accommodation facilities; certification of tour guides; development of new excursion routes; creating a comfortable information environment; opening of tourist information centers; implementation of the social project "Tourist Volgograd is available to everyone"; development of children's tourism (the "Live Lessons" project has been launched); creation of tourist and recreational clusters in the municipalities of the region.
Iranians and Krupenichka dolls
Nice August in Central Russia! Very good! An invisible thread pulls me into nature at this time. I especially like to while away the August nights on the Unzha River. What a great fishing trip here in August! And peaceful fish - roach, bream, carp - are caught. And predators bite well.