Russian Switzerland

Russian Switzerland

Bashkiria is widely known to all residents of Russia for the beauty of its nature. In the summer, it unfolds in its entirety. People from all over the country come to admire the local landscapes. Beautiful rivers and lakes, mountain ranges, dense forests and endless steppes - and all this in one republic. There are also places for lovers of cultural recreation and even for pilgrims. UFA. IF. U has prepared a selection of attractions in the region that are worth visiting.

Lake Aslikul - "Bashkir Sea"

The largest lake in the republic, located on the territory of the natural park of the same name. Its area is 23.5 sq km. The lake is of karst-sinkhole origin, the bowl is located between seven mountain peaks. Aslikul translated from Bashkir means "bitter", "light". The first version of the translation arose due to the fact that due to the high mineralization (the lake has no runoff), the water has a salty taste. And light - because it is very clean.

Everyone who gets here is completely delighted with what he saw, especially in cloudy weather, when the surface of the reservoir visually merges with the sky, then the lake seems just huge. It is no coincidence that it is called the "Bashkir sea" or "blue pearl".

This place is perfect for families. The entrance to the water is shallow, so you can swim with children.

How to get there: by car or bus, from Ufa 140 km to the south-west. The entrance to the territory is paid - 90 rubles. per car and 150 rubles per person per day. You also need to pay separately for the right to set up a tent. Guest houses can also be rented.

Lake Kandrykul - fisherman's paradise

If you are a fan of fishing, then in Bashkiria you should go to Lake Kandrykul - the second largest in Bashkiria. The bite is always successful here. There are pike, perch, crucian carp, burbot, gudgeon, roach, ruff, tench, crayfish.

The place will appeal to those who like to relax by the fire, with songs to the accompaniment of a guitar, and spend the night in tents. There are barbecues, toilets. You can park your car in a guarded parking lot. Those who prefer a comfortable stay can stay at a local recreation center.

Kandrykul is translated from Bashkir as "beaver lake", although if these animals were here, it was so long ago that now no one remembers. It is especially beautiful here in the morning, when everything around is fragrant with the aromas of flowering plants, birds are singing. The panoramic view is mesmerizing - a wide transparent water surface, slopes covered with rich vegetation (some species are even listed in the Red Book). Also here you can see the permanent inhabitants of the lake - mallard, teal, black-headed gull, sheath duck.

Russian Switzerland

Tourism in Bashkortostan is a branch of the economy of the subject, engaged in the provision of tourist services to the population.

The development of tourism in Bashkortostan is facilitated by the presence of unique natural objects, monuments of history, culture and art, developed infrastructure.


Industry history [edit]

Organized tourism in the Republic of Bashkortostan was under the jurisdiction of the following organizations: since 1929 - the Bashkir Society of Proletarian Tourism, since 1937 - the Supreme Council for Physical Culture and Sports under the SNK of the Bashkir ASSR, since 1960 - the Tourist Operations Department of the BASSR , since 1995 - the State Committee of the Republic of Bashkortostan for Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism (Goskomsportturizm). At present, the Agency for Tourism of the Republic of Bashkortostan [1] is a republican executive body that, within its competence, implements state policy and regulation in the field of development and support of tourism and the tourism industry.

The Bashkir ASSR was one of the tourist centers of the USSR:

  • in 1960 in the city of Beloretsk the II summer All-Russian rally of tourists was held;
  • in 1964 in the area of ​​the Bolshoy Kolpak rock - All-Russian combined rally of tourists;
  • in 1976 in the village of Tash-Asty, Gafuri district - the III All-Russian gathering of pedestrian tourists and in 1986 the All-Russian championship of tourist control and rescue services (1989);
  • in 1977 near the village of Muradyma, Kugarchinsky district - All-Union combined gathering of hiking tourists;
  • in 1985 near the village of Makarovo, Ishimbay region - the II All-Russian gathering of speleotourists;
  • in 1989 in the area of ​​the Kinderle cave (Gafuriysky district) All-Union competitions of speleotourists were held [2 ].

In 1997, a museum of tourism was opened in Ufa in Bashkortostan under the Republic's Tourist-Sports Union [3].

Tourism Resources [edit]

Among the sectors of the economy of Bashkortostan, tourism plays a significant role [4]. Due to the diverse natural landscapes, some people call Bashkiria the second Switzerland, while noting the disadvantages, including the insufficient development of tourism as an industry that generates a steady income [5], others admire the virgin nature of the region's remarkable places, not affected by the tourism industry.

Tourist resources of Bashkortostan: monuments of culture and art of the cities of Ufa, Sterlitamak, Ishimbay, Salavat, etc .; about 300 karst caves; 600 rivers, with the largest river Belaya; 800 lakes; the ridges of the Ural Mountains, which are the oldest mountain formations in Europe, including the highest peak in the republic - Mount Yamantau; three state reserves (Shulgan-Tash, Bashkir reserve, South Ural reserve) and a national natural park ("Bashkiria").

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