A wetsuit is a type of special clothing designed to minimize the impact of the aquatic environment on the human body, retain heat and protect against possible injury and damage. It is difficult to do without such protection not only for athletes, but also for travelers, hunters and fishermen, scuba divers and people performing work in the aquatic environment. Naturally, for each of the above categories, wetsuits will differ in their characteristics. Therefore, you should talk in more detail about the types, features of wetsuits, how to choose them and what to look for when buying.
In general, wetsuits can be classified according to several parameters.
The first of these is the thickness of the material from which such clothes are made.
This is usually neoprene, but rubberized fabric is sometimes used. This material has gained popularity due to its properties: it stretches well in all directions, has a low weight, and also retains thermal insulation well, thanks to air bubbles that are in its micropores.
Sometimes in thin wetsuits thicker material is used in places where the most active friction occurs - knees, elbows, armpits. And sometimes three thicknesses can be used in one suit at once. Such suits are called combined suits, they allow you to maintain great maneuverability with enhanced body protection.
Can surfing who is not lucky enough to live by the ocean? Wakesurfing was invented especially for such cases.
Usually diving is done below sea level. But there is a special kind of diving, where records are set in height! More details here.
Also, some models of wetsuits are covered over neoprene with a thin layer of rubber - this makes the workwear impervious, but significantly reduces its flexibility. For ease of putting on and keeping warm, sometimes neoprene is also duplicated from the inside with nylon, plush or titanium dusting.
Dry-type wetsuits are completely sealed. They are designed to be immersed in water at low temperatures.
Often they completely encircle the swimmer's body. In other models, full support is provided on the neck, wrists and ankles - an additional layer of clothing can be worn under such wetsuits.
Wetsuits are designed for diving, as well as underwater sports, hunting and other entertainment. They act as thermal insulation from the effects of the aquatic environment on the human body.
The main task of a wetsuit is to protect a person from hypothermia and possible injury while underwater.
Depending on the tasks being solved, the market offers several types of these overalls for specific types of professional work, sports, diving, spearfishing.
According to the type of interaction with water, wetsuits are divided into 3 types:
The main materials for sewing diving suits are:
Developers of fabrics for wetsuits strive to bring their structure and smoothness closer to the skin of marine animals (sharks, dolphins).
Depending on the cut and model, wetsuits are:
As an additional detail to the costumes, it is suggested:
Mon-Fri: from 10:00 to 19:00 Sat-Sun: from 10:00 to 18:00
Products from article
Characteristics of different types of neoprene
How to choose neoprene for spearfishing? How to sew a wetsuit? What is the best neoprene for custom tailoring of Ukrainian wetsuits? Where to order an individual sewing of a wetsuit in Kiev? What's the best neoprene: Sheico neoprene or Yamamoto neoprene? Should the outside of the wetsuit be neoprene or nylon?
The information given in this article is not new, it can be found on other resources. Supplemented and corrected by personal experience. I think it will be useful for our members of the forum to understand how some varieties of neoprene differ from others and where they are most applicable.
It's time to consider in detail the types of neoprene, what kind of neoprene is on the market, what happens, if possible, compare the characteristics. So, neoprene is mainly produced in Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, China, Germany. The best quality and, accordingly, the most expensive are neoprene varieties from such Japanese producers as Yamamoto, National, Heiwa, Daiwabo. Wetsuits are most often made from neoprene from Taiwanese brands Sheico and Nam Liong. Jaco and MRSP neoprene are produced in South Korea. Previously, wetsuits made from German neoprene Sedo were quite popular, which had high thermal insulation properties, but showed poor performance in terms of the degree of compression. Subjectively, Sedo and Nam Liong are considered the warmest neoprene varieties. Moreover, they are the most short-lived. Wetsuits from Sedo and Nam Liong shrink after literally two seasons of moderate use. Consequently, the shrunken neoprene loses its thickness and becomes thinner and colder.
Sheico is found in almost 2/3 of commercial wetsuits. There are mainly two types of this neoprene used for making spearfishing wetsuits: Sheico L (very common) and Sheico S type (less common). Here is a table of Sheico neoprene types with detailed characteristics and scope:
Detailed characteristics of some types of Sheico neoprene can be found in the following table:
It must be said that the density classification of neoprene is rather arbitrary. There are many models with intermediate properties.
Moving on to a discussion of the different types of Japanese Yamamoto neoprene:
The category of "survival knives" is very popular with manufacturers. As a rule, these are hefty crowbars, which in antiquity would have passed for swords. Heavy, powerful and not killed, well, the same uncomfortable. But they are very charismatic and pleasing to their owner. But there is a knife that was actually created as a survival knife for the Swedish Air Force pilots. This knife fit into the concept existing in