Despite the fact that initially Australia was nothing more than a prison colony for Europeans, by 2017 it is a highly developed state, very popular with tourists. Travelers are attracted by absolutely everything on this mysterious remote continent - megalopolises, wonderful climate, beauty of ocean landscapes, friendly and welcoming population.
The mainland abounds in sights, both natural and man-made. The amazing can be found everywhere - from the remote Aboriginal wilderness to the towering cliff of Uluru, from sunny southern cities to the stunning Barrier Reef. The country is actively cultivating a love for outdoor activities - golf, diving, surfing, hiking, bicycles - all this and much more can be enjoyed by fans of outdoor activities.
Like any country, Australia has a large amount of resources for tourism, mostly natural. These include deserts, beaches, forests, national parks, indigenous villages, mountains, and more. By the way, national parks here occupy more than three percent of the entire area of the country, including almost the entire island of Tasmania, where the rarest species of animals and plants (the Tasmanian devil, hundreds of bird species, protected humid forests) are still preserved.
Kostsyushko National Park, founded more than seventy years ago, is very popular among tourists. It stretches around the mountain of the same name, on the slopes of which you can find alpine meadows, and at the foot - eucalyptus forests. In winter, this area attracts hundreds of ski lovers, while in summer it is impossible to take your eyes off the beauty of the flower fields. Many also go to see the stunning sunset from the top of the mountain. Unfortunately, due to the large influx of tourists, the state of nature suffers.
This unique natural structure stretches for 2.5 thousand kilometers. In the 1930s, its wildlife was under significant threat from the encroachments of Asian fishermen. As a result, a large national park had to be organized, and in 1979 the reef was included in the UNESCO Great Heritage List. However, despite all efforts, there is a decrease in the population of some types of polyps.
A huge number of hotels and campgrounds have been built here for visitors, excursion ships also run, there is an opportunity to go diving. But there are strict rules for human behavior under water, for example, you cannot touch the reefs with your hands or harm them in any other way.
The most famous place for beach tourism is the so-called Gold Coast - endless sand dunes on the east coast stretching over eighty kilometers. The swimming season is open all year round, and the sun shines at least three hundred days a year. Perfect waves are suitable for surfing - fans of this sport can stay in a special resort town, where they will find all the conditions for their hobby.
Australia is unique in everything, due to its remoteness from the rest of the continents, its original nature has been preserved to this day. And until some time - also a distinctive culture. This is why Australia is a magnet for adventure seekers from all over the world.
Australia is a land of stunning contrasts scattered across a land area, almost as large as the continental United States. Coral reefs, islands, rainforests and stunning beaches wrap the coastline, while rugged canyons and red deserts of haunting beauty pass through the interior. To get the most out of your visit, it is best to fly between major tourist destinations and focus on a specific area of the country. If this is your first visit to Land Down Under, you can start with a version of the Sydney, Rainforest and Reef Top Route, which highlights the East Coast's most popular tourist attractions. Then, depending on your interests and time constraints, you can use other routes, organized by region, as building blocks to customize your adventures. The minimum recommended time for excursions in Australia is no more than a week to ten days - especially if you are traveling from the Northern Hemisphere, as the distances are enormous and the jet lag can take a couple of days. Note that if you plan on seeing the highlights of both the East Coast and West Coast, it takes about five hours from Sydney to Perth. Whatever you decide to see, Australia is a truly rewarding destination with breathtaking scenery, incredible wildlife and some of the friendliest people on the planet.
Highlights: Sydney, Blue Mountains, Cairns/Port Douglas, Daintree Rainforest, Kuranda, Great Barrier Reef
This route is ideal if you only have about 10 days to see Australia and this is your first visit. It offers the quintessential slice of the stunning east coast. Start in Sydney and visit all of the iconic attractions such as the Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbor Bridge, Bondi Beach, and The Rocks.After exploring the city's top tourist attractions, choose from an attractive line of day trips from Sydney. The Blue Mountains National Park is one of the most popular. From Sydney, take off to Cairns, the most popular gateway to the highest tropical landmarks of High North Queensland, including the World Heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef and Daintree Rainforest; the quaint forest village of Kuranda; and Cape Tribula, where two of the world's richest ecosystems (rainforest and reef) merge in a sublime blend of blues and greens. Alternatively, you can settle in the sleepy tropical town of Port Douglas (about 60 minutes north of Cairns), which is just a little closer to the reef and captivates visitors with its relaxed tropical feel and friendly locals. If you have more time, consider adding some of the routes below.
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Sydney
Highlights: Darwin, Kakadu National Park, Nitmiluk National Park (Katherine Gorge), Alice Springs, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Watarrka National Park (Kings Canyon)
The Northern Territory offers a taste of the Australian Outback with its beautiful red deserts, magnificent rock formations and breathtaking desert regions. Fly to Darwin, the main gateway to the Tropical Top End, as it is called in Australia. Stay here for a night or two while soaking in all the attractions such as the famous Mindil Beach Golf Club, the Northern Territory Museum and Art Gallery, and Stokes Hill Wharf. Thriller seekers can cage saltwater crocodiles at Crocosaurus Cove.
From Darwin, rent a car and drive approximately 255 kilometers to the World Heritage-listed Kakadu National Park, Australia's largest national park and one of the most spectacular wilderness on the planet. Take the Yellow Water or Guluyambi River Cruise to see crocodiles and water birds, or hike ancient aboriginal cave paintings. From Kakadu, you can drive about 180 kilometers to Katherine Gorge in Nitmiluk National Park, with a series of 13 stunning steep gorges. Explore the area on a scenic cruise, hike the trails, or paddle the Katherine River in a kayak or canoe.
From nearby Katherine, fly to Alice Springs in Australia's Red Center. It is the gateway to Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, where Uluru (formerly Ayers Rock), one of Australia's top tourist attractions, rises 348 meters above the reddish desert. About 40 kilometers away, you can explore the domed cliffs called Kata Tjuta (Olgas).
If you have time, drive about 290 kilometers from Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park to Watarrka National Park (Kings Canyon) for more spectacular Outback scenery and one of Australia's top hiking trails, the Kings Canyon Walk.
Accommodation: Where to Stay in Darwin
Australia is an amazing destination for exotic tourism and adventure. The incredibly beautiful wild flora and diverse fauna of this country attracts with its unexploredness. Perhaps every travel lover knows where Australia is, but not everyone knows what beauty the mainland hides.
Australia is located in the Southern Hemisphere and occupies, in addition to the mainland of the same name, the island of Tasmania, as well as several modest islands in the Pacific and Indian Ocean. Despite the vast territories, a huge part of the country is not inhabited by people. These places are home to amazing parklands, wild rainforests and fabulous sights that attract travelers with their beauty and uniqueness.
The holiday season in Australia varies by area. The climate here is quite varied, so, for example, in the north it is always very hot and windy due to the subequatorial climate, in the east most of the precipitation falls in summer, and in the south - in winter. However, almost everywhere the time period from April to May, and from September to October will be favorable.
Every corner of the Australian state is attractive and unusual in its own way. Tourists choose a certain area or city for recreation, based on their goals and the preferred type of tourism.
Beach and recreational tourism is considered one of the most popular types of recreation in Australia. On the coastline, 40 km away, there are such famous resorts as Broad Beach, Main Beach, as well as such tourist cities as Adelaide, Darwin, Brisbane, etc.
Surfing and diving enthusiasts will love Surfing Paradise. In addition, active water sports can be practiced throughout the Great Barrier Reef.
Most of the travelers come to Australia for the impressions of the nature they have seen. There are many national parks on the territory of the country, where hiking trips, excursions and educational routes are organized. The most visited are:
Also, in Australia, you can visit major cities such as Sydney, Brisbane or Adelaide to get acquainted with the local infrastructure, historical and modern attractions.
Australia is a country of exotic and crazy deeds. Many tourists visit this place to experience new emotions and perform actions that can be realized only in this country. Every Australian visitor must do the following:
I was in London, the city is good, but only for tourism. I wouldn't like to live there.
In Argentina, there is too much difference between the living standards of the rich and the poor. If you have money you can.
I'd rather spend the money on treatment in a mental hospital.
Australia is made for this sport. In the west of the mainland, you can dip your feet in the Indian Ocean, in the east - swim in the Pacific Ocean, and in the south - try your hand at the waters of the Antarctic Sea. Surfers from all over the world are attracted by the legendary Bells Beach, located on the coast of Victoria, in the south of the country. Also promising to be chic waves of the coast of the state bearing the name of New South Wales, in the Byron Bay area, and on the coast of Snapper Rocks one of the longest waves of the world scale. Also, do not forget about the island of Tasmania and the island of Bruni.
The coastline in the smallest state is known for its legendary Bells Beach, which hosts the world's largest professional surfer competition every year, called Rip Curl Pro Surf. Curl Pro Surf), which is usually accompanied by the Bird Rock music festival. Those who do not consider themselves to be professionals should visit the beaches near Jean-Zhouk, whose waves are calmer, and the basics of surfing can be learned in Anglesey. Great surfing spots are also found near Warrnambool and Portland.
Getting to any beach in this state is quite easy, there are buses in all directions from the center of Sydney. For beginners, it is better to ride the waves in the area of Bondai Beach or Tamarama. North of Sydney there are good beaches in Manley, Curl Curla, Avalon and Palm Beach. Professionals are eager to get into Crescent Head, Anguri and Byron Bay. The most picturesque places such as the Royal National Park, located just south of Sydney, the Killalia reserve or the beaches of Kronulla - the pearl of surfing.
A real paradise for both surfers and those who love a beach holiday - the Gold Coast of Queensland. Those who prefer seclusion can be advised the beaches of the islands of Bribie and Moreton. For instructor-led surfing, choose a school on the coast of North Stradbroke Island, the best school in the state.
Australia is legendary for its fantastic fishing. Thousands of kilometers of fish-rich coastline wraps around the country, from the cool waters in the south to the tropical high end and the world's largest gully and barrier reefs. Fishing apartments, mountain fishing and beach fishing are all popular activities: fishing with bait, lure bait or throw a fly. Game fishing is also great. Marlin, sailboat, mahi mahi and tuna swim in the blue waters along the coast, and the country hosts the largest fishing tournament in the southern hemisphere. Away from the coast, pristine lakes, mighty rivers and mountain streams attract freshwater anglers. You can fly trout fish in the mountains or fish Outback billabongs filled with barramundi. Wherever you send your line, make sure you fish sustainably; only take what you need and be sure to respect seasonal closures as well as local bag sizes and limits. Fishing licenses are required for both freshwater and marine fisheries. Finally, once you land at your favorite fishing spot, pop into the store to chat with the locals about the latest catches and conditions.
If it's your dream to catch a huge black marlin, as well as almost any other bird species in Thailand that you can name, this is the place. North Queensland, in particular the area from Cairns to the north along the Great Barrier Reef, is known as the black marlin capital of the world. According to the International Fisheries Association, up to 70 percent of all grandees (black marlin over 1,000 pounds) enter these waters annually. The season runs from September to the end of December and most of the marlin is currently tagged and released. The tropical waters adjacent to the reef and along the continental shelf are incredibly rich in bait fish and plankton, and also attract species such as tanfin tuna, Spanish mackerel, mahi mahi (dorado), barracuda, trevally, wahoo, and sailboats. You can also cast a line from the shore or take a mangrove river cruise for barramundi. Trolling and spearfishing are also popular. From Cairns you will find a range of charters ranging from estuarine and coastal and offshore sport fishing to reef fishing, fly fishing and onboard travel. Another bonus is that Cairns has an international airport, making it easy to reach anglers arriving from outside Australia.
Yellow Water Billabong, Kakadu National Park
Encompassing Darwin and Kakadu National Park, the tropical northern edge of the Northern Territory, or "High End," as it is called, is legendary for its fantastic Barramunda fishing. The best time for fish here is during the build-up of the barra, from October to December, when the fish school in local biotopes and salt estuaries before the rains of rains flood the region, and the barra-runoff, from February to May, when barramundi tend to gather at the mouth of the river. Major fishing spots in the Top End include the Dali River, Mary's River at Shadow Camp, and the Adelaide River.Listed World Heritage Sites, Kakadu National Park, South and East Alligator River are the best boat fishing spots. Corrobori & Yellow Water Billabong are also promising.
But Top End isn't all about baramundi. During the dry season, from May to November, reef fishing is popular, and deep sea fishing is an option any time of the year when the seas are calm. You can book a guided tour, stop at a fishing lodge, or hire a boat and fish out the grounds yourself (but beware of saltwater crocodiles). Heli fishing is also available on some of the rivers.
Cape York, Queensland NeilsPhoto/photo modified