Overcoming water barriers
For fording a place is chosen where the river is divided into several branches. You need to cross it at the widest point below the bend of the river or downstream with the island between the branches. The maximum ford depth, depending on the speed of the current and the method of movement, can be determined from Table. four. . The state of the bottom of the ford with a high degree of probability depends on the speed of the current (Table 4. 0).
Table 4.. Wading methods
Table 4. 0. Dependence of the river bottom soil on the current velocity
? places with sloping banks, where the river widens and forms floods;
? small ripples on the surface of the water with a weak current;
? paths and roads that descend to the river and continue on the opposite bank.
For the crossing, it is better to choose a section with a smaller slope of the channel, since in flatter places the current will be slower. It is necessary to avoid areas of the coast overgrown with trees. Small islands and single stones can facilitate the crossing. When choosing a ford along ripples in the water, it is advisable to establish the absence of whirlpools, deep holes, silt, mud, snags, flooded trees and other obstacles.
The most favorable time for crossing mountain rivers is from 5 to 9 am, when the minimum water level is observed. The rise of water ends at 13-15 hours.
Before entering the water, it is recommended that you remove your socks and put your shoes on your bare feet. If the current is not very fast, the river can be crossed barefoot. It is better to take off outerwear and transfer it dry.
After choosing the place of the ford, you should conduct a reconnaissance of the river bed. A pole up to 2 m long is used as a safety net. The crossing is carried out sideways, with side steps facing the current at an angle of 40–45 ° with support on a pole (Fig. 4. 0). The pole must be held with arms wide apart. You should go in small steps, slowly, feeling the bottom with your feet.
A wading group must follow the strongest team member. At the same time, everyone should keep going ahead over the belt and try to fall behind him in the next. You can go side by side, holding hands for the pole, which will save the system and balance.
Water sports associated with open water, with ease can be attributed to extreme, because it is impossible to predict that it can be presented to a wave or a powerful current in one or another second. If we consider the crossing or descent on the river - it is generally a solid extreme on every step. Gusting winds, branches and fragments of trees, counterfeiting stone blocks, any water obstacles - all this can wait for an athlete at any second. And this is not even taken into account by the fact that the rivers themselves and obstacles that are overcome, they have their ranking for groups of danger.
around the world is made gradation in the degree of complexity of overcoming water obstacles. To date, among the characteristics, two mains can be distinguished - this is international and Russian. Some are also equal to American.
In an international classification, all water obstacles are divided into six categories; <
This category implies the presence of a flow on the reservoir, and from hazards - only small sections of shallow water can only meet with a single intersection of stones.
The trajectory movement of the swimming age can be visually visible, but they can still meet small obstacles. Measure rare meetings of small plots and barrels, as well as places with increasing flow rate.
The line of movement of the swimming agent, which must be adhered to is fully defined. Sections with frequent obstacles in the form of stones and high shafts can also be found with barrels and small catches.
In essence, Jeeping is overcoming various natural barriers on the SUV. This includes the usual entertainment pokatushki youth in dirt, and the harsh forecasting of serious connoisseurs of off-road, and travel a variety of hunters and fishermen. Riding on off-road is a test not only for the machine, which is natural, but also for the driver and his skills, because it requires rapid decision-making in a difficult situation and hardly strategic thinking. Obviously, it is necessary to develop skills in one way to one, far from a wonderful day did not have to go to the nearest village, kilometers, and a ten, for the tractor. You need to know the materiel, therefore, we will analyze the basics of jeeping in this article.
As mentioned above, jeeping is, in fact, any off-road driving in an off-road vehicle. The vehicle is either a jeep, or an ATV or other SUV. The purposes of these trips are different:
All these areas have their own characteristics, however, they have one thing in common. All these activities are aimed at gaining new experience, emotions and impressions. But, in addition to these entertaining types of jeeping, there is also a forced one.
Not all people live in cities, there are those who live in villages, the roads in our country leave much to be desired, not to mention the remote corners of the country. So you have to knead the dirt, not for fun, but simply to get from one point to another. The means of transportation of such compelled "jeepers" are, as a rule, representatives of the GAZ brand: "goat" and "tablet", and the good old "Niva". Yes, they are devoid of a sports body kit, yes, there is no expensive equipment, and they do not look so beautiful. However, the drivers of these cars can give odds to most sports jeep enthusiasts. Simply because they travel more often and they have to move in much more difficult conditions.
However, regardless of the goals and skill level of the driver, it is necessary to know the technique of jeeping and be able to overcome various types of obstacles. Let's consider this issue in more detail.
Ride Through Mud
Dirt is a very tricky thing in jeeping, it requires close attention and concentration when overcoming. First of all, get out of the car and check if there are stones in the mud. Just grab a longer stick and check the entire route. The stick should not get stuck.
If you need to drive a section no more than 20 meters wide, then the easiest way to do this is to “take” the obstacle right off the bat. You need to accelerate to a speed of 60 km per hour, then turn on second gear and quickly drive through a potentially dangerous section. In no case should you stop in the middle of the mud. This is the most common mistake in jeeping and should be avoided at all costs. You should not wave the steering wheel in all directions, correct the direction of movement, avoiding the car getting into a skid.
A solid road or stones can be hidden under the mud, you need to pass the section as carefully as possible without accelerating. It is recommended to use either first or second gear and never brake. Getting under way in the mud is practically useless. If you do sit down, then you need to dig under the wheels and put branches and logs into the opening formed, depending on the severity of the situation. This will increase the grip of the wheels and give them a solid foundation. If this does not help, then you will have to use special equipment.
Driving on water obstacles
Tour to North Ossetia + Ingushetia (without tents and backpacks) March 6-13, 2021 We spend the March holidays in the Caucasus mountains - in North Ossetia and Ingushetia! This hike is made for mountain lovers,