The Arkhangelsk region has enormous natural resources, reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and other cultural monuments that are under special federal protection. The territory of the region is huge. It includes 107 objects. National parks include Vodlozersky, Kenozersky and Russian Arctic. Pinezhsky has the status of a reserve.
The territory between the Pudozh District of the Republic of Karelia and the Onega District of the Arkhangelsk Region is occupied by the Vodlozersky National Park. It, like other reserves of the Arkhangelsk region, is protected at the federal level. This is the world of a primeval forest, lost among civilization. The park is inhabited by many species of birds and animals: lynx, brown bear, wolverine, badger, marten, otter, elk, fox, reindeer, whooper swan, gray crane, bean goose, eagle owl, large owl, capercaillie, hazel grouse, black grouse and especially valuable large nesting rare birds of prey, white-tailed eagle, golden eagle, osprey.
All reserves of the Arkhangelsk region are very picturesque. But each is unique in its own way. In Vodlozersky Park, desert swamps are located and seem to rest. The park has many quiet lakes and an extensive river web. The sky seems too close, overhanging. Before your eyes opens the immense distance of Russian nature, which have the reserves of the Arkhangelsk region, islands with lonely chapels.
These parts are dominated by nature: wild forest, water and swamps. There are five residential villages on the territory of the park, with a population of about 500 people. Naturally, the reserves of the Arkhangelsk region are somewhat virgin and not inhabited by people. The bulk of the population in Vodlozerskoye is concentrated in the village of Kuganavolok. It also houses the administrative department of the park.
From north to south, the park is up to 160 kilometers long, and from west to east - up to 50 kilometers. The total area of the park is 0.5 million hectares. Water tourism is popular in these places. Especially along the Ileksa River, across Lake Vodlozero, ending on the Vama River. Entering the reserves and parks of the Arkhangelsk region, which are under the special control of the state, the park is developing and open to tourists. It provides services for recreational fishing, guest tourism, horse trails, hunting tourism. International tourist programs have been developed here. The park is one of the sites of the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
In the possession of the park there are forests of the European taiga. This is the largest massif in Europe. These are dark coniferous spruce forests, light pine forests, giant Siberian larches. The trees have an average age of up to 240 years, but there are pines and spruces that are already 500 years old.
On the territory of the Plesetsk and Kargopol districts, there is an object that is part of the reserves and national parks of the Arkhangelsk region - the Kenozersky National Park. It includes lakes Kenozero, Lekshmozero and a number of small lakes on the eastern edge of the Karelian ice sheet. Portage runs through the park - a unique monument of the water and land routes along which the Russians mastered this territory. The historical landscape of Kenny Volok is of exceptional value. Here you can see medieval settlements, chapels, boat docks, walk along the road leading through the forest. All this is of great scientific and historical value.
Created on 15. 6. 009. The territory includes the islands Big and Small Oranskie, Gemskerk, Severny, Loshkina, Novaya Zemlya and others. Land area - 632 090 hectares, water area - 793 910 hectares.
The park has no permanent human settlements. The territory is washed by the Barents Sea from the west, which does not freeze completely due to the influence of the warm North Atlantic Current. The park is not far from the mainland, therefore it is endowed with a wide variety of life forms: polar bears, seals, walruses, harp seals, reindeer, polar foxes. There are 64 plant species that wake up in the short northern summer. On the Oran Islands with gentle cliffs, about 20 species of birds breed, 5 of them even hibernate.
Window to nature
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