How to choose a boat depending on the body of water

For recreation and fishing: how to choose a motor boat


Fishing is a great leisure time. And fishing from an inflatable boat is even better leisure. Imagine: you are on a flat surface of a lake or river with a small current. Peace and tranquility. And only the most pleasant sensations. And every time fishing is a real pleasure. And so you decided to invite a friend, but did not take into account that the power of your outboard motor is not enough to swim to the desired place. So what happens? It's simple: the purchased motor has too little power and is designed for one person in the boat. This means that in order to fish in a pleasant company, you will have to buy a more powerful outboard motor. How not to find yourself in such a situation and immediately choose the right boat motor for joint fishing or boat trips, we will tell you below.

boat movement method

First, let's remember a little theory. There are two options for boat movement:

  • Gliding - the gliding of the vessel on the water surface. It moves due to the high-speed flow of water created by the propeller of the motor. The bow of the boat is slightly raised up, and its rear is in the water. At the same time, the fuel consumption is small, and the speed is more than doubled compared to another method of boat movement, which we will consider later;
  • Displacement is a classic method of boat movement, based on Archimedes' law (water pushes a body, immersed in it, with a force equal to the gravity of the water displaced by the boat). In this case, the bottom of the boat is completely submerged in the water, so it moves more slowly and fuel consumption increases compared to planing.

Main characteristics of outboard motors

Let's give some more examples of the ratio of engine power and boat speed.

If you are going to rest alone, then a 5-liter motor is suitable for you. ... (cargo is taken into account). Then the maximum speed during planing will be about 20 - 25 km/h. But the outboard motor with a capacity of 4 liters. ... may no longer be enough for this method of movement.

If there are 2 people in the boat plus luggage, you will need a motor of about 9-10 liters. ... The maximum speed when gliding will be 25 - 35 km/h. Powerful 15 hp motor. ... it is impractical to take: the speed will increase literally by 2 km/h, but the fuel consumption increases greatly.

Expert advice. The satchel is the most important part of the inflatable boat, to which the motor is attached. Be sure to take into account its thickness: it depends on what power the motor can be attached to the boat. Namely - for an engine with a capacity of up to 15 liters. ... the thickness of the transom should be from 25 cm, for more powerful engines - from 35 cm.

  • The weight of the engine must be taken into account: if the engine is very heavy, it is extremely difficult to move it. For example, a device with a capacity of 8 liters. ... weighs about 35 kg, that's a lot. And the engine is 2 liters. ... - only 14 kg, which is quite within the power of an adult man.
  • The number of engine strokes also affects its performance. Two-stroke motors for a boat weigh about 10 - 20 kg less than four-stroke, less noisy ones, which is very useful when fishing "on the track" (trolling) - the fish is not afraid of the sounds of the device. However, four-stroke engines consume less fuel, which also does not need to be pre-mixed with oil.

A fishing or recreation site is also worth considering: for wilderness, such as overgrown lakes or ponds, with difficult access to water, a compact and fairly light two-stroke engine is recommended. If there are no difficulties with immersing the engine in water, then a four-stroke will do.

How does engine power depend on boat length?

How to choose a motor for a boat

Tourists, fishermen, hunters, and just lovers of water recreation sooner or later face the problem of choosing a motor boat. Each of these categories of people has its own requirements for swimming equipment. But there are also general criteria that allow you to choose a boat based on the budget and the purpose of its use.

Motor boats are divided into two types by design type: with a rigid hull made of metal, wood or plastic, as well as inflatable boats made of rubber or modern elastic synthetic materials (PVC, neoprene).

The former include boats such as "Kazanka" or "Ob", widely known since Soviet times, made of aluminum alloys. They have indisputable advantages - reliability, strength and durability. But they also have undeniable flaws, the main of which is size.

Rigid hull boats are heavy and bulky. To store them, if you do not live on the shore of a reservoir, you need a separate garage. You can't just pick them up and put them in the trunk to go fishing. A special trailer is required to transport such watercraft.

Inflatable boats - light and mobile - are completely devoid of the above disadvantage. But, due to the specifics of the material, they are less reliable: they are prone to punctures and cuts. But modern synthetic materials have solved this problem.

PVC boats are close to rigid structures in terms of reliability, while retaining the advantages of inflatable floating facilities. Thanks to this, it was they who became the flagships of the Russian market.

Inflatable Boat Armor

Modern PVC inflatable boats are reserved. It can be additional layers of material, or special American Keelshield armor tape. Cylinders and the keel of the boat can be booked. Such protection allows you to almost completely eliminate the threat of punctures and cuts in soft material and, for example, calmly pull the boat onto an unprepared rocky shore.

Globaldrive has published a video showing a dart-like dart being thrown into such a boat, hooked onto an ATV with a rope, and towed along a rocky beach. The boat exits these trials without damage.

“A very vulnerable spot in an inflatable boat is the deck. There we lose fishing hooks, we drop knives on him, dogs cling to him with claws. There is a Kevlar coating to protect the bottom. It cannot be punctured or cut with something, ”says Maxim Kataman, head of marketing at Globaldrive in Novosibirsk.

Useful article on the topic -

It's easy to buy your own boat today. Only in the catalog of our online store hundreds of models are presented, designed for any customer's possibilities. And the assortment is constantly growing!

How to understand such a variety and buy what you really need? To do this, you need to understand the features of the use, design, storage and transportation of each of the options.

How does a PVC boat work?

PVC boats traditionally belong to small-sized watercraft, differing from similar structurally rubber models in greater strength and resistance to decay. The hull of PVC boats is made of synthetic fibers covered with a mixture of PVC and polyurethane. So the material becomes not only durable and waterproof, but also quite elastic.

The scope of PVC boats is quite diverse. You can safely go with such a boat:

  • on a fishing trip;
  • on a boat trip;
  • on a hunt in the marshlands;
  • on an extreme tour on mountain rivers;
  • on an exciting journey in the company of water skiers.

The popularity of PVC boats is understandable. They proved to be excellent both while on the water and during transportation. Due to their compactness and relatively low weight, most of the models can be assembled alone and transported to any distance. ... The basis of the boat's buoyancy is the cylinders. They are complete inflatable structures, hermetically sealed on all sides. Depending on the design, each boat can have 2 or more cylinders. ... The oval shape of PVC boats is the option that shows the best aerodynamic properties. Such a boat with a pointed bow and a powerful engine moves easily through the water, without encountering any significant resistance of water and air. ... Depending on the model, the boat can be equipped with a motor or oars. Or both at the same time. The first one allows you to quickly move on the water, the second provides a quiet ride and accuracy of approaching an obstacle. ... The boat's PVC was lifted slightly upwards. Professionals call this part of the structure - the eye. The stern is located at the rear, complemented by a transom to which the engine is mounted. Passenger seats are located inside the hull, between the balloon sides. ... Another important part - the bottom - is responsible for the carrying capacity, passenger capacity and stability in the boat itself. The bottom is reinforced with a keel. ... For mooring and the safety of passengers, the cylinders are equipped with a handrail belt around them.

PVC boat classification

All boats we are considering can be divided into rowing and motor boats. Each of the options has its own advantages and disadvantages, which are worth dwelling on in more detail. So ... Rowing boats are small in size and capacity. Great for fishing in calm waters at shallow depths. The control method is oar.

Pros of rowing boats:

Among the cons:

  • unimpressive lifting capacity;
  • poor stability;
  • lack of transom and keel.

Motor boats have a wide range of sizes and can accommodate many more passengers than rowing boats. The cylinders form a shape ideal for fast movement on water, providing the boat with high buoyancy and stability. The engine is installed on the transom. This is a great option for entering large bodies of water, seas and organizing attractions.

For many boat owners, the idea that the choice of boat depends on the water body may come as a surprise. Of course, besides weather and climate, there are other factors that are unique to different types of water bodies. And there are good reasons that can affect which boat you choose depending on where you sail.

River walks

Rivers are a great way to get to know your small homeland and see it in a different light. Many rivers function in the same way as highways. They are equipped with marinas and piers, coastal restaurants and shops. If we talk about traveling along the rivers of Europe, then this is a great way to see historical sights and large cities in a less familiar form. The slow and calm rivers are suitable for wakeboarding and water skiing.

One of the main disadvantages of river riding is the fact that it is one of the smallest types of water bodies. Trees and root systems are a source of hazardous situations on the water. And if you are traveling on a river with a strong current, then you need to install a powerful enough engine that can handle it. It is also worth remembering that most of the rivers are inaccessible for swimming due to the low temperatures in winter. Finally, rivers may have features that only allow them to travel a certain distance: shoals, dams, shallow seabeds, etc.

The best river boats

Riverboats are generally rated for occasional shallow water sailing. That is why most river boats and boats have a flat bottom. It will not run aground or get bogged down in silt or clay. Outboard motors will also be an advantage when riding on rivers, as it can be lifted at any time. In addition to boats, you can choose a kayak or canoe.

Lake Walks

The boats intended for the lake, in their structure, are somewhere between river and sea vessels. On the other hand, many lake systems are associated with rivers and people travel back and forth between them. Be that as it may, all lakes have one thing in common: they have almost no current other than surface waves. This is precisely their main advantage. During the summer, most of the lakes are warm, so fishing, snorkeling and water sports are an added bonus.

These advantages also come with disadvantages. Lakes tend to be busier bodies of water. These are fishermen, and vacationers on the shore, and owners of water-motor equipment, and amateurs of water sports. Another disadvantage awaiting boat owners is the too long coastal zone and shallow water.

The best boats for lake trips

Most lake boats are designed to be lifted and transported with a trailer. Ski boats, jet skis and small open fishing boats with one outboard motor are optimal for cruising on the lake. Rowing boats, canoes and kayaks are also good.

Boat trips

Boat RIB (RIB) is designed to fulfill the dreams of a seaman and improve movement in a deep reservoir. This is a water transport for fans of fast and safe movement in fresh and salt waters. The RIB boat is a great option for a difficult and difficult route, fishing in any weather, conquering unknown places and adventures. At the same time, the RIB boat is light, stable and safe. Intrigued by the RIB's capabilities? Then you should familiarize yourself with the rating of the top best RIB (RIB) boats in 2021 according to the Serious Fishermen Club.

What is RIB boat

An inflatable boat with a stationary, glued rigid bottom made of plastic or aluminum, equipped with inflatable balloons, is called RIB (RIB or Rigid Inflatable Boat). Due to this design, the RIB boat is more expensive than a conventional inflatable boat with a removable hard floor. This is due not only to the use of solid material, but also to the complexity of the design and manufacture of such boats.

The RIB boat is a full-fledged option for safe entry to the water.

Inflatable balloons are glued to the rigid keel frame of the bottom, which are formed by several compartments, equipped for safety with their own inflation valve.

Each RIB includes:

  • Transom for installing the outboard motor;
  • Steering console;
  • Passenger area;
  • Locker;
  • Space for the fuel tank.

Features of RIB boats

When choosing a RIB boat, you must remember the exceptional features of these models. This is important for comparing personal goals and operating conditions.

RIB boats have the following features:

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