The Samara Region is located on the territory of the Russian Federation and belongs to the Volga District. It borders on Tatarstan and Kazakhstan and due to this is considered a border area. The region is rich in flora and fauna, as well as many rivers, the largest of which are the Volga and Samara. The entire area is divided into Right Bank, North and Left Bank. Moreover, more than 90% of the region is located on the territory of the latter.
The largest reservoir in all of Europe - Kuibyshevskoye - is located in the Samara region. And also the area is famous for mineral springs and natural monuments. There are nature reserves, botanical gardens and national parks on the territory. Many animals live on the shores, including those listed in the Red Book.
Most of the Russian catch of fish such as pike perch and bream is caught in this area, due to which the Volga-Kama fishery region is located in the region, which is considered one of the most famous in Russia.
There are two large reservoirs on the territory, as well as many reservoirs. There are more than 150 thousand rivers in the Volga Basin.
It is the rivers that connect the area with Moscow, the Urals, the Baltic and White Seas. Thanks to these routes, the transportation of construction materials, oil and grain is carried out. There are more than 20 marinas and 6 berths for the passenger fleet on the territory. There are 220 rivers and watercourses in the region.
A huge number of hydraulic structures on the Volga, as well as dams blocking the river bed, have led to the extinction of some species of fish and animals. There are many farm plots on the banks of the Volga due to its favorable location and excellent climatic conditions. The port in Samara is considered the largest in the Middle Volga region. On the river, cruises are organized annually for tourists with interesting routes.
More than 15 thousand species of animals live in this area, including moose, wild boars, roe deer, wolves, hares and even lynxes. In the forests, you can often see red deer, and the most common birds are black grouse, hazel grouse and jays. There is also a wide variety of representatives of the weasel family, as well as minks, otters and beavers. The reservoirs are rich in fish, here you can find bream, crucian carp, rudd, silver carp and many others.
So, the terrain is mostly steppe, meadows in the region occupy a small area, which, despite its size, has a great variety in the form of clover, sage, chamomile and carnation. There are also representatives of the Red Book, such as fine-leaved peony and trellised alfalfa, but mainly the vegetation is represented by cereals.
There are a large number of rivers and lakes in the Samara region. The pride of Samara is the Volga - a large river not only in the region, but also in Europe. The Kuibyshev reservoir, filled by the Volga, occupies one of the first places in terms of area in Eurasia. Many tributaries of the Volga are independent, rather long rivers. In total, a little more than two hundred large and small rivers and streams flow through the Samara region.
Due to the geographical position of the Samara region on the border of the forest-steppe and steppe natural zones, the rivers of the region are different in their characteristics. In the northern part of the region, the rivers are fuller. The southern ones are characterized by low water levels, they have fewer tributaries and are smaller in size. All rivers of the Samara region flow in picturesque places. And if shipping and river tourism are developed along the Volga, independent tourist routes are popular on small rivers.
List, photos with names and descriptions of the largest waterways in the region.
The length is more than three and a half thousand kilometers. This makes the Volga the largest, deepest river in Europe and one of the longest in the world. The Volga flows into the Caspian Sea, not into the ocean, and this is another feature of it. On the banks of the Volga there are national parks, state sanctuaries and reserves. Samara is located on the left bank of the Volga. The well-maintained Volga embankment in Samara allows tourists to fully enjoy the view of the great river.
The length of the river is 3530 km, in the Samara region - 340 km
It flows into the Volga near the city of Samara. In the floodplain of the river, about 6 km long, there are many lakes and channels. The picturesque Buzuluk forest is located on the bank of the river. The waters of the river were previously considered moderately polluted, but due to the closure of a large number of industrial enterprises on the banks of the river, its waters are becoming cleaner every year. The landmark of the river is the Sorochinskoye reservoir.
The length of the river is 594 km, in the Samara region - 175 km
It flows into the Samara River near the city of Kinel. The name of the river from the Tatar language is translated as "wide river". At the confluence with Samara, the width of the river reaches 50 meters, in narrow places - 15 meters. The river is flat, the current is slow. Therefore, the Bolshoy Kinel River is considered a good place for beginner rafters. There are no dangerous surprises in it, except for the abandoned dam and bridge.
How much you can see and learn in one walk! Be sure to sign up for an excursion on a motor ship along the Volga in Samara if you are planning a vacation here in 2021.
You will see the dacha with elephants of the merchant Konstantin Golovkin, which is an architectural monument of the Art Nouveau era. Its appearance and interior design were invented by the owner himself, who was a talented artist, philanthropist, traveler and scientist.
Ilya Repin wrote his "Burlakov" from the residents of the village of Shiryaevo. So the famous painting depicts the great-grandfathers of modern villagers. The largest colony of bats in Europe also lives in the Shiryaevskaya adits; the village even has a bat museum.
There is a legend that under Popova Gora, which will also be on your way, there is an underground monastery. And in the monastery in the village of Vinnovka, monks grow and release valuable fish into the Volga - sterlet.
Choose the best excursions on the Volga motor ship in Samara in 2021.
River walk along the city
For an hour and a half walk along the Volga motor ships "Moscow" leave from the river station three times a day. During this time, admire the panorama of Samara, because many of its attractions are located on the shore and are clearly visible from the ship.
You will have a view of the old buildings of the Zhigulevsky brewery, the high bell tower of the Iversky monastery, the Glory monument and the white-stone stele "Ladya". You will see the Zhigulevsky gate - a beautiful place where the Volga flows between the Sernaya and Tip-Tyav mountains, admire from the river the old manor of the merchant Golovkin, which is decorated with two stone elephants.
For four hours of this eight-hour excursion, tourists will spend sailing and will be able to admire the Samara sights and the beauty of the Zhiguli mountains from the ship. And in the village itself, which is called "the pearl of Samara Luka", you can enjoy the views from the observation deck of Popova Gora, visit the man-made caves - Shiryaevsky adits, listen to legends about them and interesting facts about their numerous inhabitants - bats.
Those who wish can visit the historical and museum complex, which includes the house where the painter Ilya Repin worked on his famous painting "Barge Haulers on the Volga", the old manor of the merchant Vdovin and the house of the poet Alexander Shiryaevts.
Our advice— To make it convenient to walk in the mountains and adits, take care of comfortable clothes and shoes in advance. - Visiting Shiryaevsky museums may not be included in the total cost of the trip, so take cash with you. They also come in handy if you want to grab a bite to eat at a local café.