Surface water bodies of the Volgograd region need protection.
Issues of the development of waterways were considered at a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council, which took place in Volgograd last summer. Then Vladimir Putin stressed the importance of developing Russia's inland waterways.
The correspondent of "AiF" -NP "figured out what is the ecological situation with the water bodies of the region. And what measures are being taken to improve the waterways of the region.
Environmental safety strategy
2017 is declared the Year of the Environment. The negative impact on the environment should be reduced - this task was set by the Governor of the Volgograd Region Andrey Bocharov to the relevant departments, the regional Duma and industry back in January. 234 events were approved, the results of which will become a platform for solving environmental issues. On the instructions of Andrey Bocharov, a ten-year strategic plan for solving environmental problems is being developed and will be adopted.
One of the most important areas will be the provision of residents of the region with drinking water. This problem will receive a comprehensive solution. And the first steps to improve water quality have already been taken - reconstruction and modernization of water supply and treatment systems is underway in Volgograd.
Another priority is the preservation of the unique ecosystem of the Volga-Akhtubinskaya floodplain. Particular attention in the region is paid to strengthening the banks, as well as clearing river beds, canals, and creating beaches. In the floodplain, and not only there, hydraulic structures are being put in order, many of which have turned out to be ownerless. Also, a conceptual solution for flooding the floodplain is being developed - scientists offer various engineering solutions.
The semi-desert zone of the Volgograd region occupies 2 million hectares of farmland, these are seven districts of the region, where 30% of the population lives. And the system of irrigation canals in these zones deserves special attention. The semi-desert zone should become a new growth point for the development of the region's economy. Governor Andrei Bocharov presented a strategy for the development of a semi-desert zone at the federal level and received support.
The Volga basin in the Volgograd region includes a part of the Volgograd reservoir and a section of the freely flowing Volga river from the Volzhskaya hydroelectric power station to the border of the Astrakhan region with a length of 86 km.
About a third of the population of our country lives in the Volga basin. On its shores there are many cities, among which there are millionaires. The river flows through the territory of 15 constituent entities of the country in several natural zones.
Milk rivers carelessly splash on the jelly banks only in fairy tales, but in life water resources need protection and protection. First of all, this applies to small rivers, which are easy to lose, and sometimes impossible to restore. How they breathe life into small reservoirs of the Volgograd region, learned "AiF" -NP ".
The Volga and Don, fed by numerous tributaries, are the main rivers of our region. In total, there are 199 watercourses in the region belonging to the Volga and Don basins. Their total length is more than 8 thousand km.
Unfortunately, in recent years, the problem of degradation of rivers has become more and more acute: they are becoming shallower and subject to pollution. These are two main negative factors affecting the ecological state of the Volga and Don basins.
Lack of water resources is not a new problem. The low-water period in the Don basin has been going on since 2007, and this year the situation has become critical.
In the spring, the inflow of water to the Tsimlyansk reservoir was only 30 percent of the norm! Discharges through the Tsimlyansk hydroelectric complex during the flood period amounted to 20% of the norm and became abnormally low over the entire period of the reservoir operation.
Poor water quality further aggravates the problem. A number of industrial and agricultural enterprises and objects of the housing and communal complex dump sewage into rivers. At the same time, their treatment facilities either do not meet modern requirements, or they do not exist at all.
Another problem is wind and water erosion. Every year the banks of the rivers of the Don basin and the Tsimlyansk reservoir collapse by 5-20 meters. This changes the configuration of the reservoir, its area and depth, leads to the reshaping of the banks, and also affects the state of the rivers - it leads to their shallowing, silting, reproduction of blue-green algae in the water, which release toxins and cause a lack of oxygen in the water and mass fish death ...
It is necessary to solve these problems, because the operation of agricultural and industrial enterprises, the largest energy facilities, the conservation of aquatic biological resources, fishing, shipping and, of course, the provision of water to the inhabitants of the region depend on maintaining the balance of the ecosystem of reservoirs and both water basins. In some areas, groundwater is the only source of water supply for settlements and irrigation of lands.
- The region has been systematically working to restore water bodies for several years, - says Vitaly Sazonov, chairman of the committee for natural resources, forestry and ecology of the Volgograd region. - Within the framework of the national project "Ecology", with the support of the federal center, measures are being taken to improve the Volga and rehabilitate the Volga-Akhtubinskaya floodplain. We have accumulated vast experience in clearing and ecological rehabilitation of rivers, lakes and eriks, large-scale bank protection works are being carried out, treatment and hydraulic structures are being created. Similar measures need to be developed and implemented in relation to the water bodies of the Don basin.
The land of wide rivers and salt lakes, vast steppes and protected forests, a region with a rich history. The Volgograd region is one of the most interesting, while one of the most unobvious options to spend a vacation in the south.
About 2.5 million people live in the Volgograd region, in terms of population density this is the 19th place among the regions of Russia. The neighbors of Volgograd residents are residents of Saratov, Voronezh, Rostov, Astrakhan regions, as well as Kalmykia and Kazakhstan.
Usually tourists go to see the hero-city of Volgograd and rarely go beyond its borders. And in vain - there really is something to see here. You can take a walk not on a motor ship and see the place where the Volga and Don meet, go to national parks and take a photo against the backdrop of chalk mountains, visit beautiful monasteries.
To make the rest in the Volgograd region in 2021 memorable, we have collected the best ideas on how to spend time here interestingly and profitably.
See the legendary "Motherland"
The visiting card of Volgograd is what tourists come to this city for. Monumental sculpture evokes awe at the first glance at it, and it only intensifies as you approach the majestic figure.
Monument "Motherland Calls!" installed on the Mamayev Kurgan, in the place where one of the most terrible and bloody battles in the history of mankind lasted for many days. The sculpture of a woman with a sword thrown into the sky is part of a large memorial ensemble that immortalized the feat of Soviet soldiers who defended Stalingrad during the Great Patriotic War. Once in Volgograd, first of all, go here to honor the memory of the heroes and touch this terrible, but integral part of the history of our country.
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Along the banks of the Volga on the territory of the Kamyshinsky district, there is a vast natural park "Shcherbakovsky". Its territory is hundreds of hectares of protected lands; it is almost impossible to bypass the entire park. Tourists are offered hiking trails, at every turn of which amazing sights await.
“Mother Volga, Father Don” - this is how the people from time immemorial respectfully called the two main rivers of our region, around which the life of both small settlements and large cities was built. But decades of consumerism towards the priceless gifts of nature have led to the fact that vital waterways have become scarce and shallow to the extreme.
What is being done in the Volgograd region today in order to return the main rivers to their former purity and power, was recognized by "AiF" -NP ".
The work to preserve and restore the ecosystem of the Volga-Akhtuba floodplain has been systemic since 2014 - the initiatives of Governor Andrei Bocharov in this area have received active support from the federal center. The large-scale project was launched by President Vladimir Putin in August 2016 at a meeting of the Presidium of the State Council. It was held in Volgograd and was dedicated to the preservation of the Volga and the development of inland waterways.
About 40% of water bodies of the floodplain have already been cleared. By the end of 2020, the figure will be more than 50%: now they continue to clear and restore the throughput of 31 lakes and erik.
An important part of the national project is the construction of culvert hydraulic structures (GTS), which will additionally water the Akhtuba River and the Volgo-Akhtubinskaya floodplain.
In 2019, Andrey Bocharov presented this project at the federal level.
It can be considered unique - it is the only one of its kind in the entire history of the Soviet Union and Russia. The value is that additional watering will increase the environmental protection of the protected area, create incentives for the development of agriculture, and allow organizing new recreation areas for residents.
The work is being designed now. The construction itself will start in 2021 and will be completed by the end of 2023.
On the territory of the Volgo-Akhtubinskaya floodplain, the construction of facilities has already begun, which should ensure the maximum flow of flood waters and prevent their outflow after the completion of peak discharges. This is one of the main stages in the restoration of the ecological balance of the natural territory. The passage of water will allow maintaining the required level of moisture in eriks and lakes, and replenishing underground aquifers.
An important detail for farmers and ordinary inhabitants of the floodplain is that the water level in wells and wells will also rise.
The construction of the GTS is planned on waterways near large settlements of the Sredneakhtubinsky district: the city of Krasnoslobodsk, as well as Kletsky, Krasny, Kuibyshevsky and Frunzensky rural settlements.
Innovative ideas for organizing youth pilgrimage tours in our region aroused great interest among foreigners.
The II International Christian Forum was held in Volgograd from 6 to 9 June, bringing together more than 300 delegates from Russia, Syria, Lebanon, Greece, Jordan, Armenia and Serbia. One of the sessions of the forum was devoted to pilgrim tourism.
Now the most popular tourism destination in the region is the historical one. “People go mainly to visit the Mamayev Kurgan,” said Maya Vlasova, head of the tourism development agency in the Volgograd region.
But we have many temples with amazing history, beautiful legends and unsolved mysteries. For example, the Serafimovichsky Ust-Medveditsky Monastery is famous for its man-made cave galleries and a miracle stone on which the palms of Mother Arsenia were imprinted. According to legend, she was kneeling on a stone and praying so fervently that the stone “melted” under her palms. It is believed to have healing powers. Of no less interest among pilgrims is the Kamenno-Brodsky Monastery in the Olkhovsky District, which is famous for its multi-tiered man-made caves.
The guests of the event were also told about the underground catacombs under the Holy Spirit Monastery in the center of Volgograd. It was a kind of multi-storey building with a temple and chapels, galleries and underground passages that stretched several miles under Tsaritsyno. Alas, groundwater, collapse from shells explosions in the Battle of Stalingrad almost destroyed them.
But, perhaps, the main feature of pilgrimage tourism in our region is kayak rafting. Sergei Ivanov, head of the press service of the Volgograd diocese, candidate of philosophical sciences, told about this: “After the return in 2003 of one of the lists of the miraculous Uryupinsk Icon of the Mother of God, it was decided to take it in procession through remote villages. But buses and cars could not go everywhere, and the idea was born to organize a procession along the waters of rivers and reservoirs of our region. The meaning of the alloy is that people who deliver the icon to believers put in a particle of their labor and experience hardships to reach their destination. "
The first rafting took place in 2005. And since then it is held every year. New routes along the rivers appear, and new shrines appear, which pilgrims take by kayaks to remote villages and farms.
The age of the pilgrims is from 14 to 65 years old. Upon arrival at the farm, the shrines are transferred to the local temple, where residents can come. The water procession differs from the usual tourist rafting. On long straight passages for connected kayaks, a large sail is used, on which the name of the procession is applied.
a monastery that will be of interest to tourists