Water transport in Finland is well developed, especially for tourism purposes. Navigation runs from mid-June to late August; in winter, you can only travel with an icebreaker. First of all, water transport is used on large lakes: Saima, Päijänne, Pielinen, Inarijärvi. The duration of the trip can be from several hours to several days.
Finland has an extensive lake and river network and a significant length of the sea coast, so by water you can get to almost all cities in the country, as well as to neighboring states. In addition, Finland has an extensive system of fairways, canals and locks, which are modernly equipped, which, in combination with the professional activities of transport companies, makes it possible to provide a high level of service for ships of all classes.
There are 102 commercial ports in the country. In almost every locality there are companies that organize excursion tours and cruises on boats and motor ships.
There are two permanent waterbus routes in the Finnish capital Helsinki.
Olympia is the main sea terminal of the capital. It is located in a picturesque corner of Helsinki on the shore of the bay. There are always “parked” ferries, yachts and boats. There are many cozy cafes near the terminal where you can grab a bite to eat for a reasonable fee.
Helsinki is the largest passenger port with regular flights across the Baltic and North Seas to major port cities in Western Europe. The largest transit hub in the country is Kotka. The oldest port in Finland is the port of Turku, which annually serves more than 4 million passengers.
Finland has a regular ferry service with many European countries, including Estonia, Sweden, Russia, Germany, Poland, Denmark, Norway.
International flights are operated from different Finnish ports: Helsinki, Eckerø, Longnes, Mariehamn, Turku, Vaasa, Naantali.
If this year, in addition to coronavirus, roads have become the main topic, then in 2021 there will be rivers. It is on the water from asphalt or concrete that cargo transportation is reoriented, and passengers will follow them. Such an effect is expected from the law, the adoption of which caused a violent reaction in political and business circles.
This is the law "On Inland Water Transport of Ukraine". The explanatory note notes that Ukraine does not have a basic law on inland water transport, and sectoral laws are fragmentary.
Dnipro cites the co-authors of the bill as an example of negative consequences. The river, which flows through the whole country, is equipped with navigable locks, which are about to expire (70 years). In recent years, their maintenance has been financed by 30% of the need. “A situation has arisen that poses a real threat of a man-made catastrophe,” the explanatory note to the law says ominously.
The document does not mention the Kiev hydroelectric power station, because of which panic arose in Kiev in 1986, but it is casually mentioned, they say, the number of objects increases annually, the control parameters of the technical condition of which exceed the maximum permissible.
The law regulates activities in the areas of inland waterway transport. Use of river waterways and their coastal strips for navigation. The new law will also regulate relations related to the use of:
Of course, the activities of enterprises for the maintenance of river waterways are also regulated, which "legally use the infrastructure of inland waterways, including ports (terminals), shipowners, other entities and consumers of their services (works) ".
Reorientation of cargo transportation from road to water transport is designated as one of the goals of the law. Among other things, changing preferences will have a positive impact on the environment.
There is also a European integration component. The law provides for the implementation of the EU basic provisions, directives and regulations in the water transport industry.
Financial detail: money for the implementation of innovations is supposed to be taken from the proceeds from the excise tax on fuel produced in Ukraine or imported into the country, as well as from customs payments for moving ships to the customs regime of temporary import. All this money will be concentrated in the State Fund for Inland Waterways.
Inland waterway transport in China is very well developed, although it is not in demand among travelers.
It is the river routes that allow the tourist to save time on the trip and get to the most remote corners of the country. The PRC, as a world manufacturing factory, actively uses the water channels and arteries of the state for the transport of goods and passengers. The average number of trips per year is 180 million, and the number of people transported is about 200 million.
China's inland waterway transport system is highly developed, the main navigable river is the Yangtze, the length of which exceeds 6,000 km. In winter, the river does not freeze, which allows cruise ships and river vessels to run at any time of the year. The most famous routes:
Longer excursions by water transport in China are also popular, some of them take up to 16 days and include visits to the main cities of the country with a tour of the best attractions. Tourists prefer to combine vacation on cruise ships with hiking and long stops - it will not be possible to see all the sights of the city in one day.
The number of river and sea ports in the country exceeds several hundred, berths - almost 30,000, which is not surprising - the current state of China's water transport is impressive. However, tourists prefer to travel from the largest and most famous ports:
The use of water transport during travel has many advantages, since during the excursion you can enjoy the beauty of the surrounding nature, not get stuck in stuffy traffic jams and overcome the planned distance in a shorter time.
Water transport and sightseeing of the best attractions in China
Before starting the process of obtaining a visa to Russia, a foreign citizen needs to decide on the purpose of the trip. The type of visa that you, subsequently, will need to obtain depends on the purpose of the trip.