Catering during a hike is a whole science. The layout (as the meal plan is usually called) depends on many factors: the nature of the trip (hiking, horseback, water, mountain), the location, the climate on the spot, the number of days, the composition of the participants, and so on.
Therefore, let's make a reservation right away: this article is not addressed to people who have been involved in tourism for a long time, who are in clubs and so on. Professionals will not find anything new for themselves here. But those who go on hikes from time to time or are just starting to master tourism can use this material as a reminder, which outlines the basic principles of preparing for camping meals.
What you need to pay attention to when drawing up a menu for a hike:
Important. In nature, with physical activity, you will want to eat in any case. You can take 5000 Kcal per day per person - and it will still seem that you are going from hand to mouth. You will die only under the backpacks.
Any for lower or medium difficulty categories. We don't take mountaineering into account. For trips on kayaks and catamarans, bike rides, "pawns" - this system is quite suitable. It is also suitable for horseback riding, but this species usually has experienced organizers who plan meals for both people and animals.
Such a system of organizing the menu is also suitable for ordinary trips to nature, for example, to the bank of a river with tents, fishing - for a week or more. Even if you are driving, you still do not have an infinite amount of free space to fill up with food. In the case of a car, there is only one advantage - no need to think about weight, you can take with you more vegetables that can be stored longer, and fresh meat for the first 2 days.
Before planning a hiking menu, you need to find out if the participants in the hike have allergies, food intolerances, perhaps someone does not eat any foods for ideological reasons. All these points must be taken into account, otherwise some of the participants may remain hungry, and the trip will be ruined for the whole group.
Choosing the right food is an important element of a successful hike. Ideally, you need to balance the food set so as not to lug too much and enjoy the trip. Let's try to figure out what to take and what not.
Camping food is a kind of Spartan version of city food. The main criterion here is weight. And if you take into account that on average, on a hike, 600 grams of food is taken per person every day, then in the first days of a 10-day hike, in addition to equipment, he will have to carry about 6 kg of food.
Therefore, when compiling the list, preference is given to the lightest and most compact products: cereals, nuts, energy bars, as well as dried/freeze-dried vegetables and fruits. Dried vegetables and fruits are easy to cook at home, in a conventional oven or in an electric dryer. After drying, their weight decreases by 10-50! times and recovers well during cooking. If you don't want to cook yourself, you can buy ready-made freeze-dried dishes and ingredients at any of a dozen companies that produce freeze-dried substances, for example, in Gala-Gala.
The most complete list of products
"Never miss a meal, even if you're dead tired - that's an axiom on a hike."
Water and hiking drinks
Be sure to take your personal plastic container with you. The ideal individual water container is 1. plastic bottle. It is convenient to replenish it in rivers and springs. In the camp, mainly black tea is prepared, which can be varied by adding young cedar cones, rose hips, etc. Coffee and cocoa are prepared less often, besides, cocoa is a drink that is difficult to drink.
The classic writing technique is quite modest and looks like this for a large group.
Having learned how to lay out and dry food, many tourists, and especially those who perform the difficult role of the manager, begin to think about the variety of the menu. After all, who wants to eat only buckwheat, rice and pasta with meat on a 10-day hike? What to take on a hike from food so that it is not only tasty, but also unusual, and also does not add weight to backpacks? In this article I will share my taste preferences and tell you about my culinary hits.
The food for a 3-day hike or more does not really differ if it is hiking or mountain tourism. It is easier in this sense for water tourists: vegetable soups, potato stews and other pleasures are fully available to them, because all this is "dragged" by a catamaran during the trip. However, on my trips, I always lacked soups. How to solve this problem if there is no way to take vegetables? Dry! So three hiking soups appeared on my menu at once:
Monotonous food on a hike quickly becomes boring in the literal sense. Even dried meat with buckwheat stewed on coals does not please the stomach. Here mushrooms, non-standard cereals and legumes come to the rescue. So here are my three favorite foods for dinner:
What food to take on a hike to decorate the menu and please friends in the morning or before bed? Condensed milk and cookies are great for increasing morale, but you can take something more non-trivial:
It remains only to find the manager!
Speaking of oil. You should not neglect this product on a hike, as it provides the body with fats, which are also necessary for the hike. But only it is inconvenient to take butter, and there is little from vegetable benefits.
Mustard oil is my choice. In terms of the content of phytosterols, omega-3 and omega-6, this oil is significantly superior to olive and flaxseed oil, has a pleasant and bright taste, and goes well with cereals and cereals. Perfectly replaces mayonnaise, especially tasty with buckwheat! Has a strong bactericidal and healing effect.
In a water tourist trip, tourists experience high physical activity. The success of the event largely depends on the organization of proper nutrition. Let's analyze this topic step by step.
Responsible position, not everyone wants to take responsibility with a lot of work.
The primary task of the manager is to create a menu. He chooses those foods that will be consumed on the hike by day and by meals. Usually meals are 4 times a day. This is breakfast, 2 snacks and dinner.
When developing a menu, the caretaker can consult with the participants of the trip about their taste preferences, clarify about chronic diseases and allergies. But in any case, participants with certain restrictions must take care of themselves in advance.
It is important for the manager to diversify the menu as much as possible. Usually blocks of 3 days are made with a varied menu, then these blocks are repeated.
The superintendent agrees and takes into account the recommendations of the leader of the campaign.
This is a list of products and their quantity. All products are written out from the menu and multiplied by the number of participants and the number of meals.
It is important to try on a layout with 2 indicators.
For water trips, 3000-3500 kilocalories are recommended and food weights from 700 to 1000 grams per person per day.
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