Bargudzhin-Tokum: a journey to the homeland of the wind

Natural attractions and wealth of Buryatia

Recently, the mapping service Maps. e has compiled a rating of Russian regions popular with foreign tourists this summer. For the study, statistics were used from June 1 to August 31, 2019.

Buryatia, according to the results of the study, was in fifth place, leaving Moscow, St. Petersburg, Irkutsk and Kaliningrad regions ahead.

To Baikal and beyond culture

Judging by the official statistics of the Ministry of Tourism of Buryatia, the number of foreign travelers who come to the republic is only growing. So, in 2017, the region was visited by 63,266 foreign guests. In 2018, this figure increased by 13,407. The leaders in terms of the number of tourists are Mongolia, China and Germany.

And this is not surprising: Baikal is still in the five most popular lakes in Russia (the TOP-5 also includes Seliger, Bannoe in Bashkiria, Yarovoye in the Altai Territory, Onega). For recreation on the Baikal coast, travelers mainly choose recreation centers in Goryachinsk, Gremyachinsk, Maksimikha, Enkhaluk. Of other routes, foreigners prefer Ulan-Ude, the Old Believer village of Tarbagatai, Ivolginsky Datsan and Arshan, where you can get acquainted with the culture of not only Buryats, but also Evenks, Soyots, Russians, Kazakhs.

In addition, several times a year Buryatia becomes the epicenter of major ethnic and cultural events that attract not only foreigners, but also Russian travel lovers. Among them are such distinctive festivals as "Baikal Fishing", "Voice of the Nomads", "Surkharban", "Fairy Sagaalgan", "Yokhora Night".

Do they wear tourism?

By the way, along with the number of tourists in the republic, the number of tour operators has also increased. Last year there were 25 of them, now there are already 30, and about 3 thousand people officially work in the tourism industry. Moreover, as stated by the Minister of Tourism of the region, Maria Badmatsyrenova, they "carry their tourist business in their hands, because they understand how difficult it is to work in the existing conditions."

For example, in order to meet the needs of tourists, last year, on the eve of the mandatory classification, the department launched a free training program for hotel workers. As a result, 100 maids, 50 reception managers, 50 concierges were able to improve their qualifications. In 2019, it is planned to train another 200 people. Also this year, new forms of support for hotels will be introduced in Buryatia. For example, reimbursement of the costs of carrying out the classification procedure. You can also refund money for the construction of toilets, swimming pools, ramps for the disabled.

As for the accommodation of tourists, now the number of hotels and hostels in Buryatia is about 19 thousand places. At the same time, the authorities expect that by 2030 the number of tourists, both foreign and Russian, traveling around the republic, will exceed 1.5 million people. Where they will be received is still an open question.

By the way

The region is counting on an increase in tourist flow from Japan. For this, in Buryatia, they organized a promotional tour and business meetings for famous travel companies in Japan. As a result, 16 large tour operators visited the tourist attractions of the republic: the Baikal State Natural Biosphere Reserve, the Posolsky Spaso-Preobrazhensky Monastery, the Steppe Nomad tourist complex, the Ethnographic Museum of the Peoples of Transbaikalia, the Ivolginsky Datsan.

Fifth on the list

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It's paradoxical: there are a lot of legends and legends about the Barguzin Valley, they are enough, perhaps, for a whole epic, and tourists, as it turned out, do not know much about it.

Most often, the valley squeezed by the Barguzinsky and Ikatsky ridges is associated with one of the Baikal winds. In terms of strength, Barguzin is not inferior to Kultuk, and in cunning he can easily compare with Sarma. By the way, according to legend, it was because of the beautiful Sarma that Kultuk and Barguzin argued, but eventually Baikal took her for himself. In the old days, Buryat fishermen considered Barguzin to be the owner of the Omul barrel, so they looked at the sky with hope, believing that the wind was driving the schools of omul straight into their nets.

The valley is the cradle of one of the most valuable fur-bearing animals - a special breed of sable, as they say, hunters, the Barguzin ridge. His fur is at the forefront of the world's most prestigious auctions. The pursuit of soft gold led at one time to the fact that the sable was on the verge of extinction, and in 1916 the Barguzinsky Reserve was created, which not so long ago exchanged the second hundred years since its foundation.

Several centuries ago, the territory, bounded by huge ridges, was dominated by the militant Barguts, whose influence extended far beyond the valley, right up to Mongolia. The motherland of Genghis Khan's mother is Bargudzhin - Tokum, the conqueror himself recruited loyal warriors for personal protection exclusively from these places, and, according to one of the legends, bequeathed to bury himself here.

Along with the number of tourists in the republic, the number of tour operators has also increased. Last year there were 25 of them, now there are already 30.

Today we present you an article on the topic: "natural attractions and riches of Buryatia" with a full description of where to go and what to see. We also offer interesting comments from travelers.

Sights of Buryatia (briefly) Description, photo

The sights of Buryatia amaze with their diversity and grandeur. Most of them are of natural origin, but there are some that were created by man and preserve the cultural heritage of these places for future generations.

The Baikal Reserve is a state natural biosphere reserve located in the southern part of the Buryat Republic. Most of it occupies the territory of the Khamar-Daban ridge.

The Baikal Reserve was founded in 1969. And in 1986 it became one of the biosphere reserves of the World Wide Web. It is also a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site "Lake Baikal" (1996).

The reserve with a total area of ​​165,724 hectares consists of several zones: forested (117,214 hectares), water bodies (1,552 hectares), zones of treeless highlands.

The territory of the reserve can be conditionally divided into two parts: small - southern and large - northern, occupying the strip of the Baikal coast and the northern side of the ridge slope.

The sights of the Republic of Buryatia for the most part were created in order to preserve and study the unique natural objects of the republic. Likewise, the Baikalsky Reserve was founded in order to preserve and study natural conditions and the course of natural processes. Also an important object of study in this case is the gene pool of animals and plants, the unique and typical ecosystems of the central part of the Southern Baikal region and the Khamar-Daban ridge. It is in these areas that high-altitude virgin forests are located, which have never been logged or burned.

Mongolian steppes and East Siberian taiga are the predominant landscapes of the reserve. The purest mountain rivers and lakes are located on its territory. On the northern slopes of Khamar-Daban, dark coniferous forests grow, dominated by cedar and fir. Partially the forest belt is occupied by common spruce and birch. The river valleys are occupied by birch and poplar plantations.

The fauna is quite typical for the highlands of southern Siberia. The only peculiarity is the presence of bird species, the origin of which belongs to Central Asia. The territory of the reserve is inhabited by sable, lynx, otter, deer, red deer, roe deer, elk and bear. If we talk about the fish fauna, then it is represented by 18 species of animals, the main of which are taimen, grayling and lenok.

Buryatia is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Siberia. The Ivolginsky district, the sights of which are of great historical value, is becoming one of the most visited.

Ivolginsky Datsan is the most famous datsan in Buryatia, which makes it the most frequent place of pilgrimage for Buddhists not only in Russia, but also in the world. Translated from the Tibetan language in the original sounding like "Hambyn Sume Gandan Dashi Choynhorling", the name means "Monastery of the Wheel of Teaching, which brings joy and absolute happiness." The residence of the head of the Buddhist traditional Sangha of Russia, Lama Pandito Khambo, is located in the village of Verkhnyaya Ivolga, which is located 30-40 km from Ulan-Ude.

Ride a bike along Baikal, swim in the mountain lakes of Buryatia and see protected places that cannot be reached by car - all this is now available thanks to ecological paths that volunteers make through amazing places where the foot rarely steps person.

Volunteers of the Big Baikal Trail-Buryatia Association are involved in arranging such routes in the republic.

Building by Science

The creator of the project, Andrey Suknev, says that he first heard about tourist trails about 30 years ago. Then one Buryat politician returned from California and told the youth about walking eco-routes that were already being built abroad in those years.

“Then I thought, what nonsense,” Andrey Yakovlevich smiles. He remembered about the trails a few years later, when he started working on projects for the development of ecological tourism. Literally in a week I thought about trails on a stretch of two thousand kilometers around Lake Baikal.

The trail is not just a forest or mountain road. This is a convenient, safe route with signs, information stands, serpentines, drainage systems, retaining walls, ramps in difficult places, pedestrian and bicycle-pedestrian bridges. Building trails is not as easy as it might seem. This is a whole science! Before realizing their idea in Buryatia, Andrey Suknev and his colleagues underwent an internship and worked on the construction of trails in other regions of Russia and even abroad - in Seattle, Greece, Portugal and other countries, and then shared their experience with each other.

Without money you can’t “rave”

The main project that the volunteers are currently engaged in is "Inspirational Trails - Inspired People", along which an eco-road to Shumak in the Tunkinsky District is being built. During the summer, three shifts of volunteers will work on it, they will level the pathway and clear its corridor. They have to walk 15 kilometers a day, live in a tent camp and cook food over a fire.

“Arrangement of routes is a costly business,” emphasizes Andrey Suknev. - Money is needed to purchase tools, materials, to pay the foreman, to deliver volunteers to the place of work. We managed to get federal funding - in 2020 we won an additional grant for the Inspirational Trails - Inspired People program from the Presidential Grants Fund. Its size is 2 million 992 thousand 910 rubles, plus 1.5 million - adds the republican government. The funds will be used to purchase equipment and equipment: electric generators, chainsaws, shovels, sledgehammers, crowbars, as well as translation of specialized literature and creation of a library on foreign and Russian experience, organization of online and practical courses, training of specialists, design and construction of trails. Thanks to the grant support, the project is alive, and we can still accept volunteers from all over the world. For example, volunteers from America, Spain, Germany and England come to build Baikal trails in Buryatia ”.

You can become a volunteer from the age of 18. According to Andrey Suknev, most of his assistants and like-minded people are, of course, young people, but there are also many middle-aged and older people - up to 70-75 years old. And the smallest participants in the history of the association were the children of Andrei Yakovlevich - they helped dad when they were three years old.

Nadezhda Kalinina, a 22-year-old geology student from the city of Vladimir, went to Baikal spontaneously to rest. I stumbled upon information about the search for volunteers for the construction of trails by accident and immediately realized that this was her. Despite the fact that this is the first such experience for her, the arrangement of the trails was easy for the girl - the field student practice affected.

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