The purpose of the trip is not only to see new lands and people, to get a drive from a long solo trip to sparsely populated, wild places, but also to get to know oneself, one's powers. Feel like a real man! Can I? By oneself? Feel the play of muscles, body fatigue. Return to that wild and pristine world, the world of our ancestors. A world in which you rely only on your skill, endurance, strength.
The approximate duration of the solo, walking route is 20 days, 400 kilometers, along the wooded and sparsely populated coast of Lake Khovsgul.
Lake Khubsugul, located in Mongolia at an altitude of 1650 meters, 20 kilometers from the Russian border, is called the younger brother of Lake Baikal. They are really very similar. Is that Lake Khubsugul is 5 times smaller than Lake Baikal both in length and depth. Even in shape, they are somewhat similar, transparency and purity of water.
My solo route starts from the village of Khankh, located on the eastern side of the lake, 20 kilometers from the Russian border. From Khankh, to the closest and only settlement on the coast of Khuvsgul, the village of Khatgal, is about 190 km. This, the first part of the route, is the easiest, it runs along a low-lying coastline with an abundance of sandy beaches and small rivers. A bad road, bypassing capes and streams, periodically goes to the coast and will accompany me to the very village of Khatgal. During the rains, this road is not passable. The camp sites are not marked on the map, and they hardly exist.
The village of Khatgal is located at the southernmost tip of the lake and is quite a good road connecting it with central Mongolia, Uren village and further Ulan Bator, which makes it a major tourist base. (As it turned out later, completely empty at this time of year. It's good that I didn't count on restocking in Khatgal)
Further on is the village of Khatgal, a tourist town that is completely dying out at the end of the season. After that, the western coast is practically not explored by tourists, and even little is described on the Internet. Due to the peculiarities of the mountainous terrain and swampiness, it is not inhabited, wild and little visited by people. Bears and wolves are the only native inhabitants of this coast. It is believed that there are no trails along this coast. Although, satellite images and maps of the General Staff indicate the presence of a trail along the western coast. This is the path I am planning to follow. What this trail looks like, I don't know. Judging by the map, there is a lake on one side, on the other a closely adjoining mountain range with steep slopes and a complete lack of visible housing.
Since the hike is single and does not involve outside help and replenishment of supplies along the entire 400 km, 20 days journey, you will have to carry all the necessary equipment and food on yourself. You need to keep within the weight of the backpack 20, maximum 22 kilograms. Of these, food accounts for 14 kilograms. (In fact, it turned out 25 kg., Horror, I felt like a camel until I left some of the food to the squirrels).
In such conditions, the standard equipment and the usual foodstuffs of a modern tourist - stew, are not suitable. We choose dry products with the maximum protein and caloric potential, since they are sold in any store: hemp and oatmeal, buckwheat, cashews and walnuts, raisins, some dates and figs. So that life is not so bland - honey, and chocolate will be replaced by real cocoa beans. Fifty grams of hard cheese and to increase the calorie content of 50 grams of lard per day, after all, lard is the most high-calorie product, 900 kcal per 100 grams.
Fishing is not included in my plans, the goal is to go autonomously, without replenishing food supplies. Although, I will definitely not refuse mushrooms and berries.
You will also have to part with the tent, too heavy and not so safe, hiding the view when resting. You lie in it like in a coffin, you can't see a damn thing. It does not give the opportunity to dry out or warm up while sitting by the fire in rainy weather. Instead, there is a light canopy that can be installed around the fire and always have the opportunity to observe the environment and admire nature and the stars.
More than 30 thousand rivers, the total length of which is just over 150,000 km, are the real wealth of the republic. They are evenly distributed throughout the region. There are 25 large rivers, while most of the rivers are classified as small and medium. The rivers of Buryatia are included in the drainage basins of the Lena and Yenisei rivers, as well as Lake Baikal. The largest rivers of the republic that flow into Baikal are the Upper Angara, Barguzin, Selenga. In the north of the republic, the largest river is Vitim.
Rivers concentrated in the region of mountain ranges are of particular interest for rafting enthusiasts. Some of the water routes are suitable only for professional athletes due to the high category of difficulty of passage. Rest by the water is also interesting - the taiga nature on the river banks, clean air and deserted places far from civilization are especially appreciated by tourists.
List of the largest rivers flowing through the region.
Gold, mica and jade are mined in the river basin. Several rafting routes have been laid along the river. Particularly interesting is the route of the III category of difficulty with the rapids Delyun-Oronsky and Paramsky. The nature of the river is also difficult - calm stretches give way to rapids, shoals coexist with deep places. In addition to Buryatia, Vitim flows in the Trans-Baikal Territory, Yakutia and the Irkutsk Region.
The total length of the river is 1837 km.
The largest tributary of Lake Baikal, when it flows into the lake, forms a vast delta. Swimming places are located near the city of Ulan-Ude. Rafting on the Selenga is of the 1st category of difficulty. Interesting sights are located on the banks of the river - Obmannaya Mountain, Anglichanka Rock, Old Town tract. There are many archaeological sites from the Bronze and Stone Ages. It flows through Buryatia and Mongolia.
The length of the river is 1,024 km, in Buryatia - 409 km.
Tributary of the Selenga River. Almost 2000 lakes have been formed in the river basin. The banks of the river are gentle, the bottom is sandy and pebble. Previously, the river was used for timber rafting, now it is navigable in the lower reaches. The inhabitants of the Khilok River are perch, pike, grayling, and chebak. Residents of villages on the banks of the river talk about good catches. There are many places to rest with tents on the shores. It flows through Buryatia and the Trans-Baikal Territory.
Hello, dear readers - seekers of knowledge and truth!
Where the country of Mongolia is, probably everyone knows - this is where the wide steppes end, where multinational Russia ends and no less multinational China begins, where it smells of kumis, and streams of warm smoke wind over numerous yurts.
Where is Inner Mongolia? Not everyone can answer this question.
Today we will find out together what kind of place it is - Inner Mongolia, where it is located on the map, when it appeared, who lives there and what the local people do.
There are many interesting things ahead!
Inner Mongolia is a real region in northern China, which is part of the PRC and has full autonomy.
Since the 10th century, the Mongols lived here - a people so loving freedom, wide open spaces and therefore wandering from place to place. 1936 was a turning point for this area, because it was at this time that the Manchu tribes came to power and included it in the Chinese lands. At the same time, the name appeared - Inner Mongolia.
A little over a hundred years ago, the Xinhai Revolution took place in world history, the outcome of which made the present Mongolian Republic, known on the world stage as the state of Mongolia, independent - this is how Outer Mongolia appeared. Inner Mongolia officially became an Autonomous Region of China on May 1, 1947.
This is the second largest area in China. It occupies more than a tenth of the entire state - even more than the German and French lands combined.
At the same time, the population density here is not so high - only 25 million inhabitants in such a vast area, which is quite small by Chinese standards.
There are two main centers here:
This well-constructed route for 10 days will allow you to immerse yourself in the natural beauty of Mongolia - the first part of the tour will take place in the north of the country, where the Sayan Mountains frame the picturesque Lake Khubsugul - the twin of our Baikal. Here, the estuaries of the rivers flowing to the north and west of the country abound in fish, full of wild animals and untouched nature by tourists.
The second part of the trip will take place near the southern borders of the country, where the legendary Gobi Desert feels like the master of these places! The famous landscapes of Banjazag - where colossal accumulations of dinosaur burials were discovered in the world and where sands crash into rocky plateaus and steppes.
Meeting at the airport and transfer to the hotel. Accommodation and rest at the hotel. After rest, a city tour.
Today you arrive in the city - the coldest capital of the world on Earth, the city of Ulaanbaatar - Red Bogatyr. Once it was a place where nomads gathered during the seasons, but since the 17th century a permanent city has taken root here, which later became the capital of the country. You will see the memorial complex on the Zaisan mound, dedicated to the fallen Soviet soldiers who died during the war. National Historical Museum with an excellent exposition of Mongolian history - from the Peleolithic to modern times. Here you will see the famous excavation sites of paleontological sites that were carried out in the Gobi Desert. And the exhibition of clothes and accessories, coins and weapons, religious objects of worship will show you the features of almost 20 ethnic groups and the equipment of a traditional Mongolian yurt, kitchen utensils and musical instruments.
Buddha Garden and Gandan Monastery, as well as Sukhbaatar Square are waiting for you. After the excursion, dinner at a restaurant. You can get on certain dates to a fuzhin with a folklore show (check with our guides). Meals included on this day: lunch and dinner Overnight at Bayangol 4 * hotel, standard room.
After breakfast, transfer to the airport. You are arriving in the capital of the Khuvsgul aimag, Moron, with a domestic flight. The local guide will meet you at Moron airport, which is 110 km away or 3 hours drive from the village of Khatgal (102 km), which is located at the southern end of Lake Khovsgul. From here you will drive to the north of the lake, where the stunning Hordol Sardag ridge stretches to the west and where nature is wilder than in the south of the lake. If the weather permits, then right on the same day you will go to the Ardavkhar Peninsula by boat with a local guide and guide. Motor boat, about 1.5 hours on the way.
Here you will live in a yurt camp located in a secluded picturesque bay. Food will be served in a separate dining yurt, or as a picnic if you have hikes ahead. Shower and toilet are equipped in a separate shared yurt. There is also a yurt with a sauna on the shore.
Overnight at the camp site in a yurt. Meals on this day: breakfast, lunch, dinner
A journey between two great freshwater lakes: from Baikal in the south of Siberia to its younger brother - Lake Khubsugul, located in Mongolia. You will get acquainted with the Siberian taiga and the Central Asian steppe, see the Siberian Petersburg - Irkutsk, cross the expanses of Buryatia and visit the mysterious Mongolia, visit the Arshan resort, enjoy the beauty of the lakes, their shores and mountains, in the hollows of which they are located.
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Arrival in Irkutsk.
The city of Irkutsk is located at the confluence of the Irkut River (hence the name) into the Angara.
Irkutsk was founded in 1661, received the status of a city in 1686.
At present, Irkutsk is a cultural, historical, scientific and administrative center of the Irkutsk region.
Irkutsk is one of the five most visited cities in Russia.
The main attraction of Irkutsk, no matter how paradoxical it sounds, is Baikal, which is located 55 km from the city center.
Among other sights, one can note the old buildings of Irkutsk.
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