Chusovaya is recognized as the most picturesque river in the Middle Urals. It flows through the Ural ridge, capturing the Perm and Sverdlovsk regions, and then flows into the river. Kama. There you can enjoy such beauties as giant coastal cliffs, mountain forests, serene expanse of stretches, stormy rifts and all kinds of caves.
The words "chus" and "va" in the Permian Komi language mean "fast" and "water". The Chusovaya River (Perm Territory) crosses a number of mountain ranges, which form the most beautiful coastal rock-stones, nicknamed "fighters". It is she who is the venue for the All-Russian tourist route. Therefore, all rocks have signs and kilometer markers.
You can write about many of the stones separately. For example, such a rock as "Duzhnoy Kamen" is famous for the fact that the geologist Merchisson discovered the Permian period here, the duration of which is 40 million years. Once this place was the bottom of the sea, and later a swamp, inhabited by animal lizardmen, as well as the ancestors of turtles.
According to archaeologists, it was the banks of the Chusovaya River that were the habitat of the ancient representatives of the human race in the Urals. The first mention of her in the Russian chronicle dates back to 1396. In those days, its population was mainly Mansi tribes. The Chusovaya River gave shelter to the first Russian settlers in 1568. These were the so-called Nizhnechusovsk towns, and in 1579 their garrison, consisting of Cossacks, was headed by Ataman Yermak Timofeevich.
It is known that from this place Yermak's campaign with his squad began in Siberia (September 1581). Up the river, the squad reached the river. Serebryanka and from its upper reaches fell into the basin of the river. Tagil. After the famous defeat by Yermak's squad of the Siberian Khan named Kuchum, the Chusovaya River began to be actively populated by the Russian people.
However, the peak of the liveliness of its shores falls on the 18th century. The rationale for this moment is the construction of large metallurgical plants at that time. The Chusovaya River acquired the status of the main transport route. Along it, metal products were mainly alloyed from the Urals to European Russia from the Urals.
After 1878, its transport importance decreases due to the construction of the first railway in the Urals, connecting Yekaterinburg with Perm through Nizhny Tagil.
Large-scale unrest of workers (18th century) took place at such Prusovo factories as Vasilyevo-Shaitansky and Revdinsky. The Revdinskoye uprising (1841) was one of the largest; more than one thousand capital and artisan peasants took part there.
The Chusovaya River originates in the Chelyabinsk region, then flows from the Sverdlovsk region to the Perm Territory, having managed to cross their border twice and, giving it to the conquerors and travelers in these places, a lot of inexpressible sensations and incredible impressions, finally flows into , having run several hundred kilometers for the entire journey, to Kama.
Where is the "true" source of the Chusovaya River?
There are still disputes about this, as several options are being considered, but in order to at least somehow identify and highlight the source, at one of the villages in the Chelyabinsk region there is a pillar with a wooden bird sitting on it.
And at one of the lakes there is a memorial sign in the form of a granite stone, with an inscription carved on it: "The Chusovaya River begins here"
Chusovaya is a river that flows in both Europe and Asia, crossing the Ural ridge from east to west. The development of the Urals began with her. According to legend, "chusovaya" from the Permian Komi "fast water", although there are other hypotheses about the origin of its name.
The Chusovaya River is the most beautiful and famous waterway of the Middle Urals, with its amazing history and extraordinary sights.
None of the Ural rivers has such an interesting history as Chusovaya. Before the Russians, Perm-Komi, Mansi-Voguls and Bashkirs lived on the banks of the Chusovaya - people who appeared here thousands of years ago, as evidenced by such archaeological finds as their sites, sanctuaries and burial grounds
The first Russian settlement on Chusovaya appeared in 1568, from where in 1581 Yermak began his legendary campaign, together with his retinue.
With the first factories in the 18th century, active settlement of the shores and the construction of marinas began, where barges loaded with metal, furs, and other products were sent downstream of the Chusovaya to Perm.
The Chusovaya River is perhaps the most famous and most popular river in the Urals. Many thousands of tourists from all over the country visit it every year. I wrote in detail about Chusovaya, her past and present in my book "The Chusovaya River", and in this article I propose to get acquainted with some interesting facts.
The length of the Chusovaya River is 592 km. It flows in two parts of the world at once. Starting in Asia, it crosses the Ural Mountains at their lowest point and then flows in Europe, flowing into the Kama River. Although in fairness it should be noted that Chusovaya is not alone in this. For example, the Sob River also cuts through the Ural watershed ridge, moreover, in its high-mountainous part in the Polar Urals.
Ermak's squad went along Chusovaya to conquer Siberia, and since 1703 Chusovaya has served as the main transport route to the European part of the country for almost two centuries. This is the brightest page in the history of Chusovaya. Every spring, barges loaded with products from the Ural factories and other products were lowered onto the Chusovaya River. Although barges with iron were also floated along other Ural rivers, it was the Chusov caravans that became most famous. From all Chusov piers, from 600 to 1000 barges were sent annually. The value of the river decreased only after the construction of the Ural Mining and Plant Railway in 1878.
On the barge
Back in the 19th century, the issue of creating the so-called Transural waterway was discussed. If it were implemented, then from Perm to Yekaterinburg and back it would be possible to get on a steamer. The large-scale project envisaged the creation of sluices on Chusovaya, due to which the river was to become navigable from Perm to the outskirts of Yekaterinburg, where they wanted to connect Chusovaya with the Iset - to enter the navigable rivers Tobol, Irtysh and Ob. At the same time, it was planned to build several hydroelectric power plants. In the 1910s, a project was developed. In Soviet times, they returned to this issue. But it didn't work out. And this is good: many of the beauties of the river would have gone under water, and tourist rafting would have become impossible.
Morning on Chusovaya
Rafting on the rivers of the Urals is very popular and this is not surprising. The Ural nature is famous for its uniqueness, the mysterious atmosphere of mountain landscapes, and the sights of the Chusovaya River are a typical example of this, besides, rafting on the Chusovaya River is one of the best ways to get acquainted with them.
Chusovaya is one of the most famous Ural rivers, which stores numerous attractions on its banks and flows through the territory of Asia and Europe. The entire path of the river is decorated with majestic rocks, many of which have the status of natural monuments. And the best way to get acquainted with the beauty of the Chusovaya River is to raft along its waters.
The Chusovaya River has long been mastered by people, as evidenced by the discovered sites of ancient people from the Neolithic times. The region through which the river flows is subject to karst processes, so there are a large number of various caves and grottoes.
The rocks of the river are called "fighters" and "robbers", and that's all because in the old days wooden ships crashed at high speed on stone ledges. Part of the rocks was blown up because of this. But for modern tourism, the rocks do not pose any danger.
Chusovaya River. Main stops, attractions along the river route
Tourism on Chusovaya began to develop in the 1960s and does not lose its popularity at the present time. Rafting on the river will have I category of difficulty, which makes it accessible to people of any age and without special training. Rafting can be carried out starting in spring and continuing throughout the summer.
Rafting on the Chusovaya River is a very popular route among tourists. Firstly, the river is good in terms of transport accessibility. Secondly, it is calm and it is easy to raft on it by kayaks, catamarans, rubber boats. Thirdly, there are a lot of attractions along the river. Each rock that meets tourists has its own name, its own history, and they are all shrouded in many legends. For example, the main ones are:
Dyrovaty Stone, r. mustache
Writing Stone. Demidov Cross. R. mustache
Miracle Cave, r. mustache
Rafting on the Chusovaya river will be remembered for a long time. It was my first rafting in my life and I carried it along this river. More precisely, our route started from the Koiva River, which flows into the Chusovaya. The route was quite long, but the beauties that we had a chance to see, enjoy the splendor of nature, the grandeur of the rocks around us, stones of various shapes, coniferous vegetation, the smooth surface and tranquility of the river, crossed out all fatigue.
Chusovaya is the most beautiful river of the Urals with an amazing history and hundreds of sights. It is widely known for its beauty and uniqueness not only in Russia, but also abroad. Every year thousands of lovers of the Ural nature admire the beauty of Chusovaya
Chusovaya is the most beautiful river of the Urals with an amazing history and hundreds of sights. It is widely known for its beauty and uniqueness not only in Russia, but also abroad. Many thousands of lovers of the Ural nature admire the beauty of Chusovaya every year. It is the only river in the world that crosses the Ural Mountains from east to west, flowing both in Asia and in Europe.
The author of the photo: Alexander Bukin
There are several hypotheses about the origin of the name of this Ural river. According to the most common version, the name comes from the Permian Komi words "chus" - fast and "va" - water, that is, "chusva" - "fast water". On Chusovaya there are hundreds of beautiful sights: rocks, caves, monuments ...
The author of the photo: Alexander Bukin
Of more than 200 rock outcrops, many have the status of natural monuments. There are more than 70 rifts on the river, the largest of which is Kashkinsky. The river has more than 150 tributaries - from small streams to decent rivers. In 2004, the Chusovaya River Natural Park was created on a 148-kilometer section of the Chusovaya River.
The source of the Chusovoy is located in Lake Bolshoye Chusovskoye in the north of the Chelyabinsk region, and the mouth is near the city of Perm, where it merges with the huge Kama reservoir. As a result, Chusovaya flows through three Russian regions: starting in the Chelyabinsk region, it passes through the Sverdlovsk region and flows into the Kama River in the Perm Territory. The Chusovskaya Bay, formed in the middle of the 20th century during the construction of the Kamskaya HPP, stretches for almost 150 kilometers. The total length of the river is over 750 kilometers.
The author of the photo: Alexander Bukin
In the vicinity of Yekaterinburg on Chusovaya, two reservoirs have been built - Volchikhinskoe and Verkhnemakarovskoe. The origins of Chusovaya were established only in the late 19th - early 20th centuries. In 1972, an obelisk was erected at the source of the river with an uncomplicated inscription: "The Chusovaya River begins here."
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