Many people think that the most important thing when buying a land plot for building a house is to find land with a large square area in a good area. However, it should be borne in mind that not all sites can be developed.
The category and type of permitted use of land must be indicated in legal documents. IZHS stands for Individual Housing Construction, and LPH stands for Personal Subsidiary Farms. The question arises whether there are differences between these types, what is the difference between the plot for private household plots and individual housing construction.
The area for individual housing construction is allocated only from the lands of settlements. Purposefully, for the construction of a house, they receive allotments in cities, towns, villages, and other settlements. A prerequisite for individual housing construction is the availability of infrastructure.
This means that there is or will fail:
Communication is within budget. Asphalting of the road is supposed. The village has postal service, telegraph, telephone, internet. Social institutions work:
In urban, rural settlements IZHS begins after obtaining the appropriate permission. You can build up to 10 years from the date you receive it. During this time, the house must be built. Otherwise - misuse, and the tax rate doubles. One family should live. You cannot build hostels, hotels, apartment buildings.
When placing buildings, compliance with the statutory building standards is required. They are enshrined in the City Planning Code, SNiP.
According to the established norms:
Many Russian citizens want to become land owners. Some of them seek to move “out of town” for permanent residence, while others want to have a private house in order to rest there from time to time.
The most acceptable way is the initial purchase of the site, and in the future, the construction of an individual residential building on it according to your own project, in accordance with your needs.
And at this moment, the future owner of the land may be faced with a variety of obscure terms - individual housing construction, personal subsidiary farming, SNT, etc.
Consider the meaning of these concepts, as well as their difference from each other, their advantages and disadvantages.
All lands in our country for their intended purpose are divided into categories depending on the purpose:
1) agricultural land;
2) land of settlements;
3) lands for industry, energy, transport, communications, broadcasting, television, informatics, lands for space activities, lands for defense, security and other special purposes;
4) lands of specially protected territories and objects;
The status of a land plot is determined by both the intended purpose of the land and the type of permitted use (VRI). There are many more.
The category of the land plot and VRI can be found in the extract from the USRN or in the cadastral documentation.
Having made a decision to purchase a land plot, the future owner must decide for what purposes he needs the land. Today, land plots are purchased for construction, for farming, and the most common form of land use is personal subsidiary farming. So, let's consider the features of obtaining land for personal subsidiary farming.
The legislator does not give a clear definition of the concept of land for personal subsidiary farming. Within the framework of generally accepted norms, plots for private plots are usually understood as land plots transferred for running personal subsidiary plots. They are transferred to citizens by the state in the person of municipal authorities.
As a rule, such land is located in rural areas. Residents receive them for breeding livestock, vegetables, field and garden crops.
Nowadays, the options for using the land of personal subsidiary plots have expanded significantly in the sense that within their borders, owners have the opportunity to erect certain categories of buildings, for example, for household purposes or for storing tools.
Despite the expansion of capabilities, a number of restrictions remain in place:
The categorization of lands for subsidiary farming depends on where they are allocated. So, local authorities can allocate land outside the settlement, in this case they acquire the status or type of agricultural land.
On such sites, it is allowed to grow melons and gourds, organize gardening, as well as cultivate fruit and berry orchards. Among other opportunities for the owners of such lands, it is allowed to erect small outbuildings for storing inventory, organizing places for temporary storage. Such a structure should not have a rolling foundation and have a non-residential character. The construction of buildings for living, as well as the possibility of addressing them for registration of registration by law, is not simply not provided for, but is prohibited.
In certain situations, local self-government bodies allocate land within the village, as well as in the suburban area. Such plots are called household plots. Their use is somewhat different from the above-described type of plots.
The difference lies in the cost of such land. Within the city and in the suburban area, it is more expensive and is equated to land plots for individual housing construction. But to build within the boundaries of such a suburban area for private household plots, only residential buildings, supplemented by outbuildings for keeping poultry and livestock, are allowed. Hosts must also take into account all sanitary and fire safety standards.
The owner must comply with the provisions of Federal Law No. 174-FZ, under which, in order to recognize the building as residential, it is necessary to carry out an appropriate check for the suitability of the latter for living, as a result of which the owner of the building receives an inspection certificate.
Hello! When there is a desire to acquire a land plot for running a personal subsidiary farm, you need to clearly know what it is for, what it should be, and what specific tasks it is designed to solve. In this article, we will talk about plots of private household plots, as the most common form of using plots of land.
Concept and purposes of land use for private household plots
First, let's figure out what a private household is. The decoding of this abbreviation sounds like this: personal subsidiary farm. That is, on the land of this category, one can engage in gardening, horticulture, and the production of agricultural products.
Building a large cottage or even some kind of structure on such a site is also not an easy procedure: you need to coordinate all issues with local authorities in order to obtain permission to work.
The land plots of private household plots do not have to be located outside the settlement, many are within their boundaries. So, for what purposes can the site be used:
Is it possible to build private household plots on the land? The answer to this question depends on where the site itself is located. If you are fortunate enough to become the owner of a plot within a settlement, you can build a house on it and live in it legally.
If the site is located outside the city or other settlement, it is prohibited to build it up. On such land, one can only engage in farming.
Plots that are allocated in order to run a private household are rightfully considered the most profitable category. Why, we will consider further.
The construction of various structures (including residential buildings) on the territories intended for the maintenance of subsidiary plots is regulated by the Federal Law of 2003 No. 112 (as amended in 2016).
essential differences in the permitted buildings that existed some time ago for utility farms, individual construction and horticultural lands, now does not exist. These differences were canceled by the Resolution of the Constitutional Court No. 7-P for 2008.
Also a big plus plots allocated to individual buildings and personal farms, is that the buildings are resolved on them by default, without an additional change in the status of these lands and transfer them from one category to another (except for field The area belonging to the LPH: due to the fact that the latter belongs to agricultural land, it is categorically prohibited to erect any buildings).
Also when building its site is performed, it is necessary to be guided by the corresponding lights, in which all the necessary distances between the built buildings are prescribed - from the fence to the house, from the house to the bath, from the bath to the garage, from the well to the toilet and so on .
When choosing a place to install it, you should be guided by the requirements of sanitary standards.
In order to create an application for the construction of the house, it will be necessary to collect the next set of papers and provide it to the local authority: <
After the application is framed and permission will be issued, it will be possible to begin construction.
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