What is agricultural land

What can be built on agricultural land

Owners of summer cottages, homeowners need to know about the purpose of their territories. This matters if a person decides to build a house or register it.

What is agricultural land

Agricultural lands are located outside cities and towns. They are used for the following purposes:

  • meeting the demand for agricultural products;
  • reproduction of material and technical resources of the industry;
  • raising the standard of living of the rural population;
  • creating conditions for the development of territories outside the city;
  • conducting research activities;
  • maintaining a dacha economy and developing animal husbandry.

IMPORTANT! According to Art. 81, 82 of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, if a citizen uses a plot from this category, he has the right to organize a farm or subsidiary farm on it.

What is agricultural land

Types of agricultural land:

  • with communications and roads;
  • with forest plantations, which are needed to protect nature from negative phenomena;
  • with water bodies that provide agricultural development;
  • agricultural land (arable land, hayfields, pastures, etc.).

IMPORTANT! Agricultural land is under state control. Their inappropriate use is punishable by law. Private construction on them is prohibited.

Permitted Uses

Agricultural territories are used for the following purposes:

  • organizing a private farm;
  • running a peasant farm;
  • building a country house;
  • gardening ;
  • fishing;
  • organization of research activities;
  • hunting;
  • animal husbandry and grazing.

What does the expression mean: agricultural land? For most of the townspeople, this is nothing more than legal terminology for designating a designated area. However, deciding to purchase a plot for the construction of a country house, one may come across the concept of "targeted use of land."

The fact is that any land plots are allowed to be used for strictly defined purposes. Therefore, buildings can be erected only on the land plots allocated for this. In this article, we will look at the legal regime of agricultural land, with the latest amendments for 2020.

For reference

Agricultural land is one of seven categories of land plots, categorized by intended use. The legal regime for determining territories is regulated by the Land Code of Russia. This is what the distribution looks like for 2020:

  • Agricultural land.
  • Settlement territories. Such land is allocated for residential development and infrastructure development.
  • General purpose. This category includes areas set aside for the development of an industrial complex, mining, energy and transport needs.
  • State protected areas. This includes nature protection zones, territories that are national treasures and cultural heritage, zones of sanatorium-resort treatment.
  • Water resources. These are territories with located water protection zones.
  • Forest fund. Plots of land used for forestry development.
  • Stock. These are territories temporarily excluded from circulation, preserved for state needs.

Having dealt with the general definitions, let's move on to specifics. In particular, what is agricultural land.

General situation

First of all, do not confuse agricultural land with agricultural land. The latter term represents a rather abstract concept that can be extended to other designated areas. For example, forest land or industrial areas given for temporary use to agricultural enterprises.

Agricultural land means specific areas. For example, territories that are not part of settlements, including rural settlements. The legal regime for the use of such lands also sounds very specific: they are allocated for the conduct and development of agricultural activities. In particular, the cultivation of food or raw materials of plant origin.

In turn, agricultural land is divided into several categories:

Agricultural land attracts buyers with its environmental friendliness and cleanliness. Many people want to acquire such a plot, or even better - to build their own house on it, build a vegetable garden, make a beautiful garden.

The slogans of the developers and sellers promise a heavenly life here. Moreover, the state has a special approach to such lands. But often citizens, when applying to the regulatory authorities for obtaining a permit to build a house, are refused.

Therefore, it is reasonable to figure out what can be built on agricultural land, and what regulatory documents regulate the use of such plots.

Basic definitions and concepts

The Land Code contains rather vague wordings, such as “only a proper or interested person can conduct construction”, and “building a house is allowed only after agreement with the relevant authorities”.

The hardest part is getting permission from environmentalists. It will be necessary to prove that the structure will not affect the ecological situation in the surrounding area in any way. In this article, we will figure out what kind of construction on agricultural land is allowed in 2021.

With regard to the designated purpose, the land fund of Russia is divided into 7 categories. Some plots are intended for the construction of industrial and urban planning facilities. It will not be difficult to obtain a permit for the construction of such facilities, since most often they are of great strategic importance for the state and localities.

But there are lands belonging to nature protection zones. It is forbidden to build housing on them: they are under state protection. The reserve lands temporarily withdrawn from circulation have the same status.

Agricultural lands are spelled out in a separate line. Their territorial affiliation is correlated with town-planning formations, therefore their main purpose is agriculture.

Pollution and misuse of these lands is fraught with penalties within the framework of administrative and civil liability.

Legal regulation

Agricultural land refers to land that is located outside of settlements. They are far from the territory of the forest or water fund, do not represent industrial value, and also are not reserve lands and specially protected areas. Specifically, they are categorized.

What categories are agricultural land divided into?

Categories of agricultural land:

  • Lands, the disposal of which is regulated by the Law on the turnover of agricultural land. The construction of architectural structures in such areas is not provided. Or you need to obtain permits. It is also important to carry out construction work in compliance with all the requirements for urban planning legislation.
  • Plots of land on which the construction of garage buildings, maintenance of a backyard economy is allowed. This also includes plots occupied by buildings and structures. All relations in this case are governed by the Land and Urban Development Codes, as well as the law on separate intended use, depending on the category of use. Lands belong to the category of plots on which architectural structures can be erected.

Next, let's find out what types of agricultural land exist? What can you build on them? What category of buildings is allowed for various targeted uses of agricultural land?

What types of agricultural land are there?

The favorable ecological situation in the agricultural lands attracts many townspeople. The desire to own your own piece of land stimulates the purchase of such a plot. The main purpose of these lands is to maintain a personal subsidiary farm, but, nevertheless, they can be used for the construction of a building, taking into account state norms. These lands are represented by:

  • Pastures and hayfields;
  • Forest belts and arable lands;
  • Fallows;
  • Fruit and berry plantations or buildings necessary for agricultural work;
  • Roads and girders;
  • Protective structures used for various purposes.

These lands are provided by the state for educational, research, economic or scientific activities aimed at the development of agriculture. All information on the permitted use is regulated by the cadastral passport of the land plot.

What types of buildings permitted for location in agricultural areas are there?

If you are the owner of land spaces, but do not know what can be built on these areas, then when preparing the necessary package of documents for permission to build on land plots, you should take into account that the following architectural structures can be erected there:

  • Homes for personal use and home gardening;
  • Cottage;
  • On-farm buildings;
  • Buildings, which will be used to store your own harvest or homemade products. It can be a cellar or a storage room with a temperature control inside the room.
  • Garden or country house. It is placed on the territories of horticultural lands or summer cottages.
  • Production of agricultural products, including vegetable raw materials. In these territories, it is allowed to erect: warehouses, hangars, as well as other non-capital construction buildings necessary for the implementation of agricultural activities.
  • Farms;
  • Arrangement of artificial reservoirs for breeding freshwater fish.

It is impossible to imagine the life of a modern person without agriculture. After all, this branch in the economy supplies other components of the industry with food products and other raw materials.

Agriculture is developed in every corner of the world - somewhere less, somewhere more. The more the industry is developed, the less the government should worry about food security.

Agricultural land

Agricultural land area

Land area is the total value of soils designated for pastures, arable land and perennial plantations.

The total footage is determined by measuring crops or interviewing farm members. The calculations take into account the entire area under each sowing separately, and perennial plants are also taken into account.

Types of farmland

Lands used in the agricultural sector are divided into two types:

  • Agricultural land intended for the growth of crops.
  • Lots used as a basis for placing communications and roads. They can house lakes, buildings, structures, warehouses and storages intended for storing rural products and real estate serving the economy.

Lands that are part of the agro-industrial complex, depending on the properties and use in crop production or animal husbandry, can be of the following types: arable land, hayfields, perennial plantings, pastures, fallow lands. The description of the listed species is given above.

In accordance with legislative acts, the following types of land can be distinguished:

  • Lands of the lowest quality at listed value.
  • Lands of higher quality.
  • Plots of average quality with average cost.
  • Plots above average cost.
  • High quality agricultural land.

Composition of agricultural land

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