Tour to National Parks of Canada and British Columbia

Canadian economy through the eyes of Masterforex-V traders

Canada (English - Canada) is a state in North America, a member of NATO (since 1949), the Commonwealth of Nations and the G7.

Map of Canada, its administrative divisions and structure

Canada Visa Regime

To visit Canada, you must obtain a visa in advance. Canada's visa policy is pretty tough. The country is closed to citizens of many states.

Citizens of Australia, New Zealand, USA, Mexico, Japan, South Korea, Chile, Taiwan, Papua New Guinea, EU countries and several other states do not need a Canadian visa. In total - less than fifty.

Those wishing to visit Canada undergo strict selection at the embassies and consulates. For example, in 2018, the percentage of refusals in a Canadian visa to citizens of Ukraine was 26.77%, i. every fourth applicant was refused!

Canada Visa Policy on the map.

Finance in the Canadian Economy

National symbols of Canada: flag and coat of arms

Flag of Canada: two wide lateral vertical stripes of red, in the middle a vertical stripe of white, on which the outline of a maple leaf is red.

  • The red color on the Canadian flag symbolizes Great Britain,
  • The white color on the Canadian flag symbolizes France,
  • The maple leaf is the symbol of Canada itself.

Approved February 15, 1965.

The coat of arms of Canada was approved by King George V of England in 1921, after which several amendments were made.

Moving to another country is always stressful. In a new place, you have to start life anew and everyday problems are far from the only thing migrants have to face. Problems with adaptation and limited social circle are often added to them. Therefore, when choosing a country for migration, it is worth finding out how common Russians are in Canada and whether they manage to arrange their lives. It will not be superfluous to consider the standard of living in the country, as well as the prospects for employment and education.

How many Russians are there in Canada

The first wave of Russian migration to Canada began in the second half of the 19th century and reached its peak during the First World War. The second wave fell on the years of World War II, and by 1951 about 190,000 immigrants from Russia lived in the country (the entire population of Canada at that time was about 14 million).

Separately, there is the post-war Harbin wave - supporters of the White movement who emigrated to China, who, after changing China's course to the communist, were forced to look for a new refuge. By the seventies, migration from the RSFSR had practically stopped, and the number of immigrants from Russia in 1971 dropped to 160 thousand.

The third wave of migration began with the fall of the Iron Curtain. To understand how many Russians live in Canada in 2021, you can refer to the results of the population census conducted in 2021

According to these data, 550,000 Russians (1.5% of the population) lived in the state at that time. Taking into account the fact that in 2006 this figure was 500,000 people, by 2021 at least 600,000 Russians live in Canada.

How people from Russia are treated in the country

Almost all modern inhabitants of Canada are descendants of migrants. At the same time, most Canadians are well aware of their historical roots. Only about 25% of residents identify themselves only as "Canadians", while 20% mention their British origins, and 19% - French.

Given the vast undeveloped space, Canada has almost always had a policy of encouraging migration. Therefore, in Canadian society, prejudice against foreigners is practically not found.

So the attitude towards Russians towards the Country of the Maple Leaf is quite favorable. At the same time, the majority of Canadians are poorly versed in the peculiarities of the geography of the ex-USSR, therefore, Moldovans, Belarusians and even immigrants from Central Asia are classified as "Russians".

From the point of view of the average Canadian, Russians are not very sociable, harsh and hardworking people who can sometimes drink a few glasses of vodka. Canadian employers willingly hire people from the Russian Federation.

Less than 1/12 of Canada's area is suitable for growing crops. About 4/5 of the arable land is in the Canadian Prairies, where long sunny days in summer are combined with enough rainfall to ensure excellent grain yields. However, the widest range of crops and the highest yields are produced in southwestern British Columbia and southern Ontario.

Regional specialization

There are distinctive types of agriculture in different regions of the country. In the Canadian Prairies, they specialize in the cultivation of cereals (in particular, wheat), oilseeds (especially rapeseed) and grazing. Central and Eastern Canada has a wider range of crops and farmers tend to specialize in a particular cash crop or type of livestock.

Southwest Ontario produces significant amounts of corn, soybeans and white beans. Most of the fruits and vegetables are grown in southern Ontario and southwestern British Columbia.

The largest farming areas are in the prairie region of Western Canada, where there are many agricultural farms producing oilseeds, wheat, barley and other grains.

Beef production also tends to be concentrated in this region. The average farm size in Saskatchewan, which is dominated by cereal cultivation, is 675 hectares, or 2 times the national average. Large farms are also concentrated in Alberta, where, in addition to growing crops, beef production is developed. Here, the farm size is about 472 hectares, or just over 1.5 times the national average. In Manitoba, the farm size averages 459 hectares.

Unlike the prairie region, the average farm size is significantly smaller in the provinces of British Columbia (132 ha), Quebec (113 ha), Ontario (99 ha), and others. Collectively, these regions include a relatively large number of farms for the production of milk, broiler chickens, turkeys and eggs. These agricultural products are reliably protected from competition from imports and are mainly sold on the domestic market.

About 70% of dairy production is concentrated in Quebec and Ontario, accounting for 29% and 17% of farm receipts, respectively, in these provinces (2010 data). Also, Quebec, Ontario and Manitoba account for most of the pig production.

Agricultural production and structure

In 2014, agriculture generated USD 108.1 billion, which is 6.6% of Canada's total GDP. Exports grew 12.0% between 2013 and 2014, reaching $ 51.5 billion. This accounts for 3.6% of the global agricultural export industry and makes Canada the fifth largest exporter in the world.

In 1941, there were 732,832 agricultural farms in Canada, with an average size of 96 hectares. Over the next 70 years until 2011, the number of farms decreased by 72% to 205,730, and the average size more than tripled to 315 ha. In 2010, the average net worth per farm was $ 1.5 million.

Despite the trend towards an increase in farm size, there are still many relatively small farms with significant income differentials. For example, in 2010, some Canadian farms had annual sales of no more than $ 10,000. Although these “micro-farms” accounted for 21% of all registered farms, they represented only 1% of total income. In contrast, the 5% of the largest farms (with sales of US $ 1 million or more) accounted for 49% of total Canadian farm income in the same year.

As size increases, there is a trend towards consolidation of Canadian farms and an increasing use of leased land (about 41% of agricultural land was leased in 2011).

Tour to National Parks of Canada and British Columbia NEW

Tour to the National Parks of Canada and British Columbia.

Private Tour of the National Parks of Canada and British Columbia is available all year round. A group tour is conducted on request for travel agencies, organizations and corporate clients. The price is agreed upon by dates, the number of tourists, the level of hotels and additional options included in the tour package. On an unforgettable trip to the National Parks of Canada and British Columbia, you will visit the following cities and attractions:

- Edmonton, Alberta - Calgary, Alberta - Jasper National Park, Alberta - Banff National Park, Alberta - Lakes, rivers, waterfalls, glacier, hot springs and more - Vancouver, British Columbia - Victoria, British Columbia - Whistler, British Columbia

Included for 1 person with double occupancy: tours, transfers, guides and drivers, transportation, fuel, parking, licenses, transport insurance, admission fees for the entire program, ferry tickets, air flight from Calgary to Vancouver, 3 * and 4 * hotel accommodations, federal and provincial taxes Not included: meals, life insurance

The price is for low season, the price in the middle and high season may vary depending on the date of booking.

Low season from October 1 to December 15, January 2 to April 14 Mid season from April 15 to May 20 High season from December 16 to January 1, from May 21 to September 30

Route description

1 day - Arrival in Edmonton, meeting with the guide at the airport and transfer to the hotel. Check in at the hotel, dinner and rest.

Day 2 - Check out from the hotel and transfer to Jasper National Park. Upon arrival in Jasper, visit to the hot springs of Miette, after the springs, transfer to the lake and Maline canyon. At the end of the tour, hike at the famous Firemont Jasper Park Lodge. At the end of the day, check into Jasper's hotel.

Until recently, by historical standards, hunting, gold mining and trade in skins were the main source of income here. Agriculture has long been the main activity of Canadians, but over the past half century, Canadian industry has made a powerful breakthrough. The country with the second largest territory and 37th population has become a full-fledged member of the G7. The Canadian economy is growing thanks to its favorable geographic location, natural resource reserves, influx of labor migration and proximity to the United States.

Geographical location and natural resources

Canada owns almost the entire north of the American continent. In the south and northwest, the country borders the United States, in the northeast with Danish Greenland, and in the east with the French overseas community of Saint Pierre and Miquelon.

The harsh climatic conditions of most of the territory are leveled by a favorable economic and geographical position, which works for the economic development of Canada. The country and its neighbors are highly developed and well endowed with natural resources.

The territory is washed by three oceans, opening an exit in any direction. A well-developed transport system and proximity to international transport routes make it possible to successfully develop land and attract immigrants.

The diversity of the tectonic structure of the territory has provided a wealth of mineral resources:

  • Coal deposits are located in the foothills of the Rocky Mountains in the province of Alberta and in the Appalachian Mountains in the east of the country.
  • Iron ore is mined in the Lake Superior basin and on the Labrador Peninsula.
  • There are large reserves of uranium in the Huron and Athabasca area, and asbestos in Quebec and British Columbia.
  • The plains are rich in hydrocarbons and potash, and the western provinces are the main oil producing regions.

About 45% of the land is occupied by forests, and the country ranks third in terms of timber reserves. A special place belongs to water resources, the reserves of which Canada is second only to Russia and Brazil.

Level, characteristics and structure of the Canadian economy

Canada's economy is close to the highly industrialized economies of Western countries, although it has some peculiarities. It is a mixed economy, according to the Heritage Foundation index, characterized by a degree of economic freedom less than that of the American, but greater than that of most European countries.

The industrial-agrarian country is one of the richest with one of the highest per capita incomes. The economy has high rates of industrialization and labor productivity. In terms of per capita innovation spending, Canada is second only to the United States and Japan.

All three main groups of industries are developed here: agriculture, industry and services. Energy and mining, processing industries, nonferrous metallurgy and a number of energy-intensive industries play a special role.

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