The "forceful" change of power in the Khabarovsk Territory brought the Far East to the top of the information agenda. Unfortunately, the region does not often feel such attention to itself, and that is mainly for scandalous or tragic reasons. It just so happened that the Far East, which occupies more than 40% of the area of Russia, is remembered only when it becomes completely unbearable to live there, even the locals who are accustomed to adversity.
To understand the peculiarities of the Far East, it is necessary to turn to history. The development of Siberia, which began in the 17th century, became a natural continuation of Russia's eastward expansion. The country needed money, the most important source of which was the fur trade. The fishery required transport infrastructure, security, and land suitable for providing food for the settlers. Without encountering serious resistance, in less than a century the Russians reached first to the Amur, and then to Kamchatka, incorporating it into the empire.
Already under Peter I in Russia, they seriously thought about the possibility of creating a permanent fleet in the Pacific Ocean, starting the scientific expeditions of Bering and his followers. The decision on the need to build up its presence in the Far East turned out to be far-sighted. The gaining pace of British colonization so weakened the Qing empire that by the middle of the 19th century Russia occupied the Amur region practically without a fight.
The benefits from the occupation of the southern borders of the Far East were obvious: a direct path to Asian markets opened up and the opportunity to press out the British and French who reigned there. The turn of the XIX-XX centuries became the golden age of the Russian Far East. The construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway and the Chinese Eastern Railway turned the Amur region into a serious economic and military outpost. People came here, equipment was brought in, ports and cities grew. In terms of economic growth, the southern part of the Far East before the First World War was ahead of the rest of Russia and the United States.
But the crazy XX century has confused all the cards. Having survived four wars and a revolution, Russia was no longer able to compete with the increased influence of Europeans and Americans in the region. "Window to the Pacific Ocean" had to actually be boarded up, leaving only the window ajar. Instead of a geopolitical foothold, the Far East has again turned into a raw material appendage. Everything went back to where it started.
Today the Far East is a kind of copy of Russia. A huge territory, its own arctic zone, its endless forests, its own granary, its own sea. This versatility leaves an imprint on the way of thinking and living in the Far East. People are used to living here on their own, in isolation from the "mainland".
But the Far East is not "self-styled" - it is simply independent. Nobody here expresses not only separatist, but generally any "autonomous" sentiments. Local residents sincerely, from the bottom of their hearts, consider themselves a part of Russia. And they are even proud of it. It's just that it has its own globe, on which the center of the world is not Berlin, London and Paris, but Tokyo, Beijing and Seoul. And, looking at this globe, it is impossible to say "Moscow is behind us". Beyond the Far East is not Moscow, but thousands of kilometers of taiga. Just like 300 years ago, here you can only rely on your own strength. And there are not so many of them.
In any geography textbook, you will read how the Far East is rich in natural resources and minerals. But they don't write there that most of them are hard to reach. The development of such turns out to be simply unprofitable in the foreseeable future. A significant part of those that are used now are mined mainly on a rotational basis. It's easier and cheaper. Therefore, one should not be fooled by macroeconomic indicators, which officials like to flaunt. The main volume of investments goes to the extractive industry, which is actually isolated from the region's economy. Extraction does not have a decisive influence either on the structure of employment of the local population, or on the development of the accompanying infrastructure, or on the filling of regional budgets. "The Pantry of Russia", as the Far East is often called, in fact turns out to be a subsidized territory. None of the eleven subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District has come out in plus.
The situation is no better in other "grain" industries. The picture is about the same everywhere: the production is located in the Far East, the head office is in Moscow. The products are centralized to other regions. In production - shift workers and guest workers. So, in particular, they catch fish. It comes to the point of absurdity: the catch is taken to the "mainland", and then ready-made semi-finished products are brought to the shops of the Far East. Caviar, crabs, scallops and other seafood in Vladivostok are almost more expensive than in Moscow. This is because most of the quotas are chosen by large Moscow companies. The rest of the allowed catch goes to small local cooperatives, which somehow need to make ends meet.
The Far Eastern Federal District is the largest region of the Russian Federation. The district accounts for about 40% of the territory of our entire country. The region includes areas located off the coast of the Pacific Ocean, the Kuril, Commander, Shantar Islands and Sakhalin.
Due to the vast territory, this region is difficult to describe briefly - the natural conditions, relief, population are so diverse. The cities of the Russian Far East differ greatly in appearance, type of population, and climatic conditions.
On the map of Russia, the Far East can be found by looking at the eastern territory near the Pacific coast; several islands, including Sakhalin and Kamchatka, also belong to the region.
Our east is called distant because of the great distance from Moscow. Most residents of the capital know little about this wonderful land.
The Far Eastern Federal District has a huge territory.
It includes the following regions:
The list of cities in the Far East is very long, but there are not so many large ones. In addition, they are considered large in relation to other settlements in the district.
Urbanization of the countries of the world In many countries, economic development, industrialization can be stimulated and increased by urbanization. In recent years, this process has been more and more actively involved