Rest on the river in the Moscow region is becoming an increasingly popular option for spending free time and vacation.
Our Ecotourism Center "Berkhino" traces its history back to 2013. At the time of the beginning of work in the tourist market, it was then called - Equestrian sports complex "Horseshoe". On its territory at that time there were: a stable for several horses, and the arena was just being built. There was not a single cottage for living, no children's playground, no sports ground. Six months or a year later, the construction of the housing stock, the construction of gazebos, the organization of a pier for the rental of catamarans and boats began.
At present, the Berkhino Ecotourism Center is a dynamically developing object of the tourist market and entertainment industry. At the moment, the infrastructure of the center offers its guests: two comfortable 2-storey cottages for 4-6 people in each, a double cottage "Hermit's House" in a secluded place on a hill surrounded by a picturesque forest, as well as three original and cozy houses called "Barrel of Diogenes". For lovers of romance and adrenaline, the original mini-hotel "On the rainbow" is open high above the river. Another unusual accommodation option “Zabivaka - 2018” will open soon, in the form of a soccer ball.
For those who prefer active recreation in nature, there is a sports ground, a group of strength simulators with bars and horizontal bars, a children's multifunctional game complex. Catamarans and boats are rented, 9 pavilions for 4-8 people each have been installed along the banks of the Osetr River, for organizing events such as a picnic or outdoor celebration, a tent for celebrations, weddings and events, horse riding arenas, trainings, etc. horse riding training.
The Berkhino Center has opened a unique hotel complex for 65 people (with extra beds) with Standard and Family rooms, a 30-seat restaurant for corporate events, banquets and celebrations, a waterfall and other elements of a modern hotel business. A sauna with a small pool was recently opened, and a salt cave is planned to be launched. In total, the Berkhino Center can accommodate up to 50 guests at the same time.
For those who love ecotourism in the Moscow region, a contact mini-zoo is opened in our center, where representatives of domestic animals and birds are in comfortable conditions. You can feed the pets of the zoo and make beautiful and entertaining photos with them as a keepsake. In the nearest development plans - the organization of our own farm so that our guests can purchase environmentally friendly products and products.
A horseshoe is to horses what shoes are to humans. Horseshoes have been known since ancient times, and to this day no changes have occurred in this element of horse ammunition. Horseshoes may not be necessary for horses at all, or they can be successfully replaced with something else.
The ancients domesticated horses and after a while realized that walking on hard ground destroys the hoof horn of four-legged pets. The first horseshoes were made of natural material - bast, reed, bark, leather, and they were fastened with ropes or belts. Of course, such horseshoes wore out very quickly.
The ancient Romans learned to shoe horses with metal horseshoes. They were oval plates and were also attached with ropes.
In the Middle Ages, in the territory of modern Europe, cobblestone streets and cobblestone streets became a frequent occurrence. The costumes of the riders were heavy, the horses had to carry a larger load on themselves, the relevance of horseshoes increased significantly. At this time, people learned to fasten horseshoes with special nails, which they called uhnali. A shod horse emphasized the status of the owner. Riding a barefoot, barefoot horse was considered shameful.
Many will have a fair question - how horses survive in the wild if no one shoots them. The answer is simple. The load on the hooves of a wild horse is incomparably less than that of a domesticated one. In the wild, horses control the wear and growth of their hoof horns themselves. In addition, she can choose a more suitable road with soft ground
Oddly enough, it was very expensive to shoe a horse before. Horses were shod only in wealthy houses. The horses were kept in a stable, divided by partitions into several stalls. The floor in the stable was earthen, manure, however, no one removed, it served as a bedding. But the manure gave off heat during decomposition, so the horses' hooves did not freeze. The same ammonia ate away the hoof horn of bare horses. Whereas the peasants' horses spent time outdoors in winter, and their hooves were healthier than those of the rich horses. Horses of common people had a hard time. It should be borne in mind that at that time the only means of transportation were precisely horses, and they were also most often used in agriculture.
If the horse is not shod in time, the hoof horn will wear out, wear off, and every movement will hurt the horse. If a horse spends all the time grazing in a field with soft ground, is not adapted to work, then, in principle, it can not be shod. But if a horse takes an active part in farming, participates in races or is engaged in sports tourism, then undoubtedly it needs to be shod. The frequency of shoeing a horse is 1 time in 1-1.5 months.
Many stable owners do not shoe their horses in winter, especially in snowy winters. Either way, the equine hoof needs to rest from the hoof. Usually one to two months a year is enough.
Cherkasy region is the historical heart of Ukraine. The turbulent history has left behind a variety of historical and cultural monuments, which, together with the enchanting nature, make the region a real Mecca for our tourism. Don't believe me? Then let's go on a trip along the tourist route "Golden Horseshoe of Cherkasy"!
The somewhat concave configuration of the region prompted the idea of creating a tourist route with the sonorous name “Golden Horseshoe of Cherkasy”. Let's consider the most interesting sights of the "horseshoe".
The best way to travel the route is by your own car. Another option is to travel by buses and trains. In this case, it is better to visit individual monuments at different times, otherwise the whole route will take a lot of time and impressions may be overshadowed by fatigue.
We will follow the Cherkasy route from east to west, starting from the insurgent heart of Ukraine - Kholodny Yar.
Kholodny Yar is a forest tract on the border of the Chigirinsky and Kamensky districts of the Cherkasy region. The forest jungle in the gorges of the ravines blew cool, for which the area got its name.
From the Scythian times, powerful defensive ditches and ramparts of the settlement have survived, which sometimes still reach a height of 10 meters! In the middle of it rises the legendary Motroninsky Monastery, the construction of which began in 1037. This monastery has a special place in Ukrainian history. In 1768, the consecration of knives took place here, from which the largest Haidamak uprising, the Koliivshchyna, began, under the leadership of Maxim Zheleznyak.
In memory of those events, the 1100-year-old oak of Maxim Zheleznyak, whose height is 30 meters, has been preserved in the ravine. According to legend, under it were gathering haidamaks, headed by their chieftain.
History repeated itself in 1920, when the rebels rose to fight the Russian invaders. Behind the monastery, in a ravine, the openings of the caves are blackened: it was in them that the Cold Yar ataman Black Raven, who is the hero of the book by Vasily Shklyar, found salvation.
Ironically, the Motroninsky Monastery is now owned by the Moscow Patriarchate.
The village of Melniki is the capital of Kholodny Yar. Here, on the Kreseltsy farm, in the years of independence, a monument to the Kholodny Yar heroes was erected, including a memorial stele in honor of Yuri Shahid-Gorsky, a rebel and author of the famous book of memoirs "Kholodny Yar".
In the nearby village of Medvedevka there is a local history museum, which displays exhibits of the liberation struggle.
Where to stay: in the restaurant and hotel complex "Dikiy Khutor" or in tents. You can book a room in Medvedevka here.