Romania unfamiliar: Travel report by Maria Paramonovaya

Russian Lipanovsky villages in Romania

Romania (România) is one of the most mysterious countries in Europe. Here you can see everything: from the ancient gloomy transylvanian castles, to the mountain peaks of the South-Western Carpathians. It is in Romania that you can plunge into the unique atmosphere of the northern part of the Balkan Peninsula, saturated with both major and modern cities, akin to Bucharest, and by non-hedied people with massive forests. This country will leave an indelible impression of any traveler, whatever goals before the trip he did not put himself.

Romania: how to get

Get to Romania from Belarus, Ukraine, Russia or other CIS countries will not be much difficult. You can choose an airplane, train, bus, car or steam. Read more in the section How to get to Romania.

Romania: hotels and other housing

Features of housing <

Traveling over Romania, in almost every city you will find a fairly wide selection of temporary housing. In particular, there is a lot of it in Bucharest, Sibiu, Brasov, Cluj-Napoca, Mama, Constanta and Timisoare. The most common type of housing in this country is guest houses and apartments. There are also many ordinary and resort hotels, hostels, "B & B" hotels, farmhouses. Much less campgrounds, but lovers of this type of rest can also find a suitable camping pad for temporary accommodation. Housing prices in Romania start from 6 EUR - options are cheaper you are unlikely to find even in the most non-smooth hostels.

Hotels

The overwhelming number of ordinary hotels are located in the two largest cities - Bucharest and Timisoare. But most of the resort hotels are located in Cluj-Napoca, the truth, if we talk about resort hotels, you should admit that they are widely scattered throughout the country's coastal zone. The most luxurious are such five-star hotels as Pleiada Boutique Hotel & Spa, Premier Palace SPA Hotel and Grand Hotel Italia. Among the resort hotels, the most popular are Hotel Snagov Club, Arena Regia Hotel & Spa - Marina Regia Residence, and Conacul Ambient. In Romania, such international hotel chains are widely represented as: Best Western, Continental Hotels, Doubletree by Hilton, Golden Tulip, Hilton Hotels & Resorts, ibis, Mercure, NH Hotels "," Ramada "," Unita Turism Holding ".

If you decide to stay in a five-star hotel, then the daily cost of such a vacation will be from 65 EUR, if it is a resort hotel, or from 32 EUR, if a regular city hotel. The price per night in a four-star hotel will cost you from 25 EUR. In a resort hotel like this, prices start from 30 EUR. Three-star standard and resort hotels (the most common level of hotel accommodation in Romania) will cost you no less than 26 EUR if it is a resort hotel, and not less than 11 EUR if the hotel is a regular one. The most budget hotel you can find will cost you around 8-10 EUR.

Mini-hotels (guest houses, B&B, farm houses)

However, the most common and, at the same time, budget option for temporary residence in Romania is a variety of mini-hotels. Here you will find many guest houses, B&B hotels and farm houses. This trend is especially noticeable in the case of guest houses.

You will find most of the guest houses not in such a large city as Bucharest, but in Sibiu, Brasov and Sinai. The most luxurious are the guest houses Pensiunea Vranis, Gasthaus Catona, Pension Curmatura Stezii and Pensiunea Carpatic. Prices per night in Romanian guest houses start from 7 EUR.

Romania rural tourism

Doctor of Philology, Founder of the Russian Lipovan Community of Romania

From the Editor:

At various scientific meetings and round tables of the Old Believer community, it was expressed that the Old Orthodox Church and the Community of Russian-Lipovans in Romania are two pillars on which ancient Orthodoxy and the original Russian culture of the Russian-Lipovans are held and preserved in Romania. The Lipovan Old Believers represent a special community of people that has developed on the territory of Russia or abroad, within another nationality. The experience of organizing the Community of Russian-Lipovans in Romania can be very interesting when creating similar public organizations in Russia, guarding the interests of the Old Believers. Unfortunately, even today, publications continue to appear, presenting the Russian Lipovans in a tendentious and distorted light. Therefore, the research of the Doctor of Philology, Romanian professor F. Chirila, in which he tells in detail about the origin and settlement of the "Russian-Lipovans", will be very timely.

Emigration of Russian Old Believers in Romania occurred in gradually. One of the first Russian lipovan settlements on the territory of Romania is the village of Lipoven (his original informal name was Sokolinza). It is located in Bukovina, not far from the city of Suceava. This village was founded in 1724 on the lands of the monastery of the Dragomir Mitokol. In the XVIII century, there was a dense lime forest. It was possible to hide with the persecution of the Tsarist authorities with persecution of the royal authorities.

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In Moldova, Russian Old Believers appear for the first time in 1743, when they are trying on the lamps of the monastery, in a dense, almost impassable Lipov Forest, they base the village of Malol (Manovalovka), not far from the town of Faltichen.

Thanks to its geographical position, the village of Manol played in the XVIII - XIX century. . An important role, being a kind of spiritual center of Russian Old Believers in Moldova. This is evidenced by the existence from that time to the present day of two old-supplied beds - male and female, located on the outskirts of the village of Malolya.

On the territory of Dobrudje, the first Russian Old Believers appeared in the second half of the XVIII century. The oldest Russians Lipovansky villages in Dobrudzha - Sarikey, Zurailovka, located on the shores of Big Limana Split, stone (Karkaliu), based on the shores of the Danube, on a high black stone, Russian glory - along the river Glory, where in the XVIII century there was a dense forest. In this forest, on the outskirts of the village of Russian glory, and were founded at the beginning of the XIX century two monasters - male and female. Russian glory has since since then the spiritual center of the Old Believers of Dobrudji.

So, more than one hundred thousand Russians live in Romania. On the territory of Romania there are more than 70 villages of the rural type, in which the Russian Lipanovskoye (Old Believer) population prevails. They are located mainly along the North and Southeastern Territory of Romania (in Bukovina, Moldova, Dobrudzha and Munts (Valahia). To these rural settlements should also add a number of cities in which whole quarters are populated by Russian-sticky: these are such cities like Bucharest, Tulcha, Constanta, Breile, Galati, Iasi, Suceava, Botoshan et al.

Stay Russian-sticky on the territory of Romania is confirmed by many names of villages, rivers, lakes, limanov, locality, both in the northern part of the country and in the territory of Braille and Tulcha (village Lipoven, Lipoven, Lipovanskaya Mountain, Lipanovsky Liman, Lipanovsky Canal. Lipan Skit, Lipanovskoye Girlo et al.).

Today the large and rationally planned villages of the Russian Lipovans are large centers of the old faith, villages with a stable contingent of the population, with an established economic and household way of life and with labor, ritual and family traditions. Here one can feel in everything how great is the influence of the family, of national Russian traditions in the upbringing of new generations who grew up in a foreign land. The family retains the native, Russian language and Russian traditions and customs, in the family they introduce children to working life, instill respect for their elders, for their history, for the ancestors who laid the foundation for their Romanian life.

Russians – Lipovans in world culture

Russian-Lipovans did not go unnoticed by scientists, writers, artists and composers. Historians, scientists, writers, cultural figures and in general those who had and still have to come into contact with them have written and are now writing about the Russian-Lipovans (Old Believers).

Romania is one of the most mysterious countries in Europe. Here you can see everything: from the ancient gloomy transylvanian castles, to the mountain peaks of the Carpathians.

Upon arrival in Bucharest, most tourists immediately strive to leave it without ever seeing the very heart of Romania. This city has its own charm and elegance, but a very specific quality. In addition, it is a dynamic city that changes faster than any other place in Romania. The center is surrounded by old and dusty residential areas with dilapidated but beautiful and eclectic architecture.

To the south there are unfinished buildings from the time of Ceausescu, which greatly spoil the landscape, the construction of which has been frozen. Seeing all this, you understand the true scale of the dictatorship, which cannot be forgotten. In any case, whether you like Bucharest or not, you must see it.

Arrival and accommodation in Bucharest

Henri Coanda International Airport is located 16 kilometers north of the city: do not use taxi services, but go to the 783 bus stop outside. You can buy a RATB ticket at the kiosk, which you can make your own way and will not be returned to the driver Almost all trains arrive at the Gara de Nord. Head straight to the metro station to get to the city center (to University Square with a change at Victory Square). Decent and reliable taxi drivers can only be found at the main entrance of the Wasteels ticket office (look for yellow taxi cars).

There is no travel agency in Bucharest. The main source of information with maps and data on accommodations, restaurants, entertainment and attractions is the excellent bimonthly city guide Bucharest in Your Pocket in English, available from the Wasteel office at the train station, airport kiosk, hotels and bookstores. ... Public transport, although crowded with people, is efficient and cheap.

The strangely lit metro lines M1 (almost circular) and M2 (north-south) are especially convenient. There is also an unusual network of trams, buses and trolley buses. Tickets are sold at kiosks near bus stops, they must be punched inside the cabin. At night, tourists use taxi services, which are becoming more reliable and very cheap - the fare is about 0.30 euro cents per kilometer. You need to order cars with a working taximeter from the companies Cristaxi, Cobalcescu, Meridian.

Accommodation in Bucharest

Many cheap hotels have been updated in recent years and are quite suitable for those who do not accept hostels. A good alternative (especially for group tourists) is private accommodation with a price of 35 euros per day. These apartments are often better and larger than hotel rooms. Good options are Adrian Accommodation and Grand Accommodation, UNID.

I). Hostels and guesthouses in Bucharest

1). Elvis Villa Hostel - Luxurious, clean and welcoming establishment operates like HI hostel with air-conditioned rooms for 2-8 people. Laundry services, internet access, breakfast and drinks are provided. There is also a kitchen and TV lounge. You can get here at their information kiosk at the station, or you need to take trolleybus 85 from University Square to the east to the Calea Mosilor stop and then walk past the roundabout and turn right at the Greek church. Location: Str Avram lancu, 5;

2). Funky Chicken Guesthouse - Conveniently located north of Cismigiu Park, between the train station and the center, this guesthouse is a sister house to Villa Helga. There are clean shared bathrooms, TV lounge, kitchen and laundry facilities. No reservations are required and accommodation is guaranteed for all visitors. From Gare du Nord, follow the Golescu boulevard, cross Str Berzei and walk onto the street next to the pharmacy. Location: Str Gen. Berthelot, 63;

3). Hostel Villa Helga - For several years it was the only city hostel that remains a popular and hospitable HI establishment to this day, as well as a convenient meeting point for other travelers. It has new beds in double rooms, mixed and womens bedrooms, kitchen, TV lounge, patio with barbecue and free laundry. Travel by buses 79, 86, 133 from the station to Piata Gemeni (two stops after Piata Romana), then follow the Dacia boulevard to Str Vittorului. Location: Str Salcamilor, 2;

Maria Paramonova, a member of the Russian Photo Club, went on a trip to the villages of Romania to find out about the traditions and crafts of local residents. She told our magazine about her trip.

The idea of ​​visiting Romania has firmly stuck in my head two years ago. What do we know about her? Country of the post-Soviet space, Count Dracula. That is, perhaps, all the associations that come to mind. It would seem, why go there? For some reason, the feeling that I would definitely like this country did not leave me. Wanting to dispel the mistaken stereotypes about Romania, I made my route through small towns and villages where artisans lived. It was an unusual photo tour: the emphasis of the trip was made on ethnography - traditions and customs that, although fading into oblivion, still exist here and there in the countryside. In search of interesting shots and photo stories, I crossed a small Romania was crossed from south to north in 12 days.

Pots, pots, plates

Among all the crafts, I have always been attracted to the art of pottery, and that's where I started. Horezu is a small provincial town where potters live. This is evidenced by the walls of houses, fences, gates and wickets: all of them are hung with various products.

Houses in the town are almost everywhere private, small and very cozy, built with taste and great love. Behind the tiny center of the city begins the countryside, where small home pottery workshops are located - the main income of many families in Khorezu. I must say that people in Romania are very friendly and good-natured. In one of the workshops, I was happy to have a short excursion and told me how the process of making ceramics goes. Manual labor in Romania is not highly valued and the products cost mere pennies. In gratitude for the excursion, I made some purchases and photographed my grandfather, the head of the family, much to his delight.

Glass painted icons

One of the ancient arts of Romania is painting icons on glass. Poor peasants in Transylvania in the late 17th and early 18th centuries painted on glass because of the high prices for wooden Russian and Byzantine icons. A distinctive feature of the Romanian painting is the numerous floral ornaments and the rare use of divine symbols. This is due to the fact that the icons in those days were painted by the same masters who painted on chests, dishes and other household items.

Early in the morning, at about 7 o'clock, I got off at the railway station with a Sibiel sign. The station is located in a mountain gorge and therefore it is very cold here early in the morning. The grass is covered with frost, the air is icy and transparent, the sun has just appeared from behind the mountains - a stunning morning landscape.

A Romanian village is not at all a Russian hinterland. The houses here are neat, with tiled roofs, painted in different bright colors, many of which are more than 100 years old, and the village courtyards are just a storehouse for photographers. There was so much of it: ripe bright pumpkins were drying in the sun, bunches of grapes twisted around the house, an old cart with all kinds of carpets and rugs stood at the gate, jugs and plates flaunted on the table.

Visit the Gypsies

This village could not be reached by bus or train, so early in the morning I took a taxi and said to the driver: "Viscri, please." He was very surprised, talked about something with the dispatcher, named the amount, and we hit the road. Rural landscapes in the morning sun were especially good: golden fields with neat sheaves, horse carts, houses and their inhabitants swept past us.

Romania is a country teeming with all sorts of resorts. The geographical uniqueness and climate allow during a tourist trip to go skiing, drink mineral water, restore health with the help of therapeutic mud, undergo hydrotherapy procedures and soak up the sandy beaches of the Black Sea warm coast. If you choose the right time of the year and the direction of the resort, you can combine pleasant entertainment with the health of the body.

Mountain resorts in Romania

The Carpathians extend to the third part of the country and within the country are 3 fabulously beautiful mountain ranges: Western, Southern and Eastern Carpathians. In fact, the Carpathians are the second mountain range in Europe after the Alps, so Romania is an attractive holiday destination for ski tourists. The peaks of some mountains reach 2,600 meters, and the slopes have heights of up to 2,150 meters. It is not only mountain activities that attract visiting guests. After all, stretching enchanting landscapes are capable of capturing the eye for a long time with their splendor and uniqueness of beauty. Historians and culture lovers will find it interesting to plunge into Romanian historical values. Wonderful architecture castles and palaces are open every day for tourists to explore. Bran Castle and Peles Castle are places that cannot be missed, because they are covered with mysterious legends and a visit to them will bring a lot of new impressions.

The resorts accept not only experienced skiers, ski schools can be found everywhere, so those who cannot ski too - welcome to the Carpathians! Of course, all equipment can be rented in the vicinity of any track. Large ski resorts have good transport infrastructure and are directly connected to the capital, both by rail and by road.

Poiana Brasov

The most popular resort in Romania is Poiana Brasov. Its beauty and location in the middle of a coniferous forest attracts a huge number of Romanian tourists and foreign guests. The resort is located at an altitude of 1030 meters, at the base of Mount Postavarul. The year of foundation - 1895, however, the ski resort became in 1906 and after 3 years the first Romanian skiing competitions were held in this place. Open doors in Poiana Brasov are from the beginning of November to the very month of March. The average temperature, for example, in January is -5 degrees, in July it is +14.5 degrees.

More than 40 hotels, cottages and villas offer hospitality within the resort. Comfort level from 1-4 stars - for every taste and budget. And wealthy exquisite stars and poor youth - everyone here will find their place of rest from the bustle of the city and tourist adventures according to the expected plans. The developed infrastructure of the resort includes 10 ski slopes of varying difficulty: • 3 slopes, • 1 Olympic, • 2 jumps, • 1 for giant slalom, • 1 for special slalom.

Equipment rental is inexpensive, discounts are offered for children. For those wishing to purchase a ski-pass, there are branded stores. If you buy equipment in the city of Brasov (at a distance of 12 km from the resort), then the price will be more favorable. Route taxis connect the resort with the city very tightly - every 15 minutes there is another flight with a fare of about $ 0.5 (2 RON). Besides skiing, the resort has an Olympic skating rink, saunas and swimming pools, sports fields and massage rooms, and horse riding centers. For active tourists, there is the possibility of hiking in the mountains and flying on balloons and paragliders. In some hotels you can find children's centers, night clubs and discos. Excellent Romanian cuisine, delicious drinks and a lot of ceramic and wine souvenirs are waiting for their happy owners and gourmets.

Sinaia

Formerly the former residence of the Romanian royal family, now the fashionable ski resort of Sinaia originates from the monastery of the same name, built in 1695 by the nobleman Mihai Cantacuzino, modeled on the Church of St. Catherine. After two hundred years, the area of ​​Sinai turned into a city.

The resort is located at an altitude of 900 meters, at the platform of the Vyrful ku Dor and Piatra Arce mountains. The mountains are covered with coniferous forest and saturated with ozone, thanks to which tourists can breathe so easily. The climate of the resort is subalpine. The average winter temperature is -4 degrees, summer - +15 degrees, and the average thickness of the snow cover is about 0.5 meters. The seasonality of skiing activities is from November to April.

At this stage, the historical highlight of this region is the Peles Castle - the royal residence. The castle is located in the mountains and is richly replete with exquisite interiors of halls, antique carved furniture, Venetian glass, paintings and other historical values. Since 1953, the castle has had the status of a museum.

The resort has a wide range of accommodations ranging from 1 to 4 stars. Hotels and villas can accommodate up to 5,000 guests at a time. The central boulevard of the city is hospitably hung with signs of local restaurants. The resort often hosts large-scale international and domestic skiing competitions, as well as bobsleigh and toboggan sports. For those wishing to learn skiing skills, a 4-day course is open. Ski equipment can be rented in almost any hotel. In addition to snow activities, you can swim in the well-equipped pools of the hotels, or play in the casino or billiards. For dance lovers, discos and nightclubs are open, and for those who love shopping, the doors of shops and a souvenir bazaar near the Peles castle are open.

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