Public-private partnership projects as a factor in the sustainable development of the tourism industry

Public-private partnership projects as a factor in the sustainable development of the tourism industry

Yurieva Tatyana Vladimirovna Doctor of Economics, Professor of the Department of Sports and Tourism Industry Management Russia, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) yuryeva @ ranepa. u

Overcoming the crisis situation, the subsequent sustainable development of the tourism industry requires additional investment and innovation. One of the tools to attract them is public-private partnership (PPP) and municipal-private partnership (MPP). The specifics of the tourism industry, the specifics of the formation of demand in the context of constant changes determine the need for further study of the mechanism for implementing PPP/MPP projects in this sector of the economy. The essence, prerequisites for initiation, organizational forms, advantages and disadvantages of PPP/MPP projects are considered. The practice of implementing PPP/MPP projects in the tourism industry in the modern Russian economy has been analyzed. It is concluded that their effectiveness mainly depends on the optimal use of resources, an effective risk management system, trust relations between public and private partners, healthy competition among stakeholders, and an effective legal framework.

tourism industry, project management, a project based on the principles of public-private partnership.

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Introduction

Overcoming the crisis situation and the subsequent sustainable development of the tourism industry requires attracting additional investments and innovations, optimizing the risk management system. One of the tools for solving this problem is the implementation of projects based on public-private partnership (PPP) and municipal-private partnership (MPP).

It should be noted that the degree of development of theoretical and practical aspects of project activities on the principles of PPP/MPP is quite high. The mechanism of PPP has been studied in most detail by such scientists as A. lpatov, D. Amunts, V. Anikina, A. Atkinson, G. Borshchevsky, E. Buchwald, V.G. Varnavsky, J. Vaslavsky, S. Davis, J. Delmon, M. Deryabina, A.G. Eldner, O. Ivanov, V. Ivanova, N. Ignatyuk, E.R. Yescomb, V.A.Kabashkin, A. Klimenko, V. Knaus, L. ong, V. Kutari, V. Maksimov, O. Osborne, M. Orter, O. Solwell, J. Tiglitz, E. Farquharson, A. Irshman et al.

The specifics of PPP/MPP in the tourism industry are revealed in the works of such researchers as V. Varnavsky, D. Verzilin, N. Gorodnova, E. Dedusenko, E. Zelentsova, E. Ivanova, S. Kelbach, S. Kuznetsov, T. Lavrov, A. Latortsev, E. Melville, M. Oborin, A. Petrov, L. Semenova, M. Sigov, S. Uvarov, L. Khoreva and others

Analysis of scientific publications allows us to conclude that many theoretical, methodological, organizational and legal aspects of project activities based on PPP/MPP in the modern economy are disclosed in sufficient detail. At the same time, the specifics of the tourism industry, the specifics of the formation of demand, the urgent need for additional financial resources, innovations, specialists with the appropriate professional competencies and skills, as well as the need for sustainable development in the post-crisis period determine the need for further study of the mechanism of initiation and implementation of PPP/MPP projects. in this sector of the economy. All this makes the topic of this research relevant, its purpose and objectives.

Tourism industry: assessment and development prospects

The tourism industry is a global driver of economic growth and development. This segment of the economy has a significant impact on the implementation of the sustainable development goals adopted by the UN for the period up to 2030 [13]. The tourism industry is one of the most dynamic areas of economic activity, which contributes to the creation of new jobs, is a catalyst for innovation and entrepreneurship. Tourism contributes to the development of human capital, a healthy lifestyle, the preservation and promotion of natural and cultural values. International tourism influences the formation of solidarity and trust between countries, which act as the most important components in promoting global cooperation. Domestic tourism helps to consolidate the citizens of the country on the basis of certain human values.

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