In the past few years, Russians who want to work or settle for permanent residence abroad are increasingly paying attention not only to Western, but also to Asian countries - especially to the huge and mysterious southern neighbor. Many are interested in what opportunities and prospects the Russians can count on in China.
The first emigrants from Russia appeared in China at the end of the 19th century, during the construction of the Chinese Eastern Railway. Later, a significant number of Russians poured into this country in the 20s of the twentieth century, fleeing from revolutionary cataclysms. In those years, numerous Russian diasporas were formed in Harbin, Beijing and Shanghai. But after the Chinese Communists came to power and the Cultural Revolution, most migrants left for Australia or the United States, or preferred repatriation to the USSR.
In Soviet times and the post-Soviet era, only a few specialists and traders visited China on business trips, and such a concept as a "Russian quarter" has practically disappeared in Chinese cities. But in recent years, due to the rapid growth of the Chinese economy, interest in this exotic country has increased significantly.
It is difficult to say exactly how many Russians are in China at the present time, since many of them live in the country only temporarily or work on a rotational basis. According to statistics, their number in 2021 reaches 50,000.
The PRC has a positive attitude towards Europeans who come to the country as tourists or specialists. And the way the Chinese treat Russians still bears echoes of their country's friendly ties with the Soviet Union, so local residents often show increased interest and friendliness to Russians.
Even in cities where there are a lot of foreigners, they are often given increased attention. And in the provinces, the appearance of a foreigner on the street is a real event. Europeans are often greeted, scrutinized and even asked for permission to be photographed with them.
The Chinese consider white skin and faces with big eyes attractive, so they often admire the beauty of Russian girls. But at the same time, many local residents perceive foreigners of European appearance as wealthy tourists and often offer them goods and services at an inflated price.
Migrants who have lived in this country for many years say that assimilation in China is difficult for people with European appearance.
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Back in the late 1960s, it was the most ordinary Chinese village. Most of the peasants lived in dire poverty, and there was agricultural land around the village. It was here that Wu Zhenbao took over the post of secretary of the village party committee. Until he came to power in a single village, he was a simple farmer.
And in 1969 he made a decision that was very dangerous from a political point of view and very beneficial from an economic point of view. With his full approval, a textile factory grew up next to Huaxi. For Wu Zhenbao himself, this could have ended with a death sentence. However, he was tired of looking at his fellow villagers, exhausted by poverty, and therefore almost openly declared that politics should suit not only the leadership, but also the Huaxi village.
Surprisingly, he not only got away with it, but also became the key to the prosperity of the village. The leader never tired of saying that a farmer, even with the best harvest, cannot be rich. Wealth is provided only by money, which the villagers should have. In the late 1970s, China began to abandon socialist communes and develop private farming. However, the people of Huaxi wanted to develop further under the leadership of Wu Zhenbao.
Since the textile production brought in a very tangible income, in the following decades, 8 factories were built and launched around the village. Huaxi developed and soon the commune acquired 12 more neighboring settlements.
Today, the village receives about 4 billion dollars of investment annually, which only confirms its status as No. 1 in the Celestial Empire.
The inhabitants of this unusual village live in luxurious cottages, drive nice cars and have very solid bank accounts. They enjoy free medical care and have stakes in various companies. All local residents are shareholders of the Huaxi Cooperative, which is listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange. The average annual per capita income of Huaxi is about 100 thousand yuan (about 14 thousand dollars).
In addition to free health care, residents receive a percentage of the cooperative's total income, distributed annually at a general meeting, subsidies for the purchase of food, an additional benefit of 3,000 yuan and 150 kg of rice each year. If a village centenarian celebrated his 100th anniversary, then not only he, but all members of his family receive 10 thousand yuan as a reward one-time.
The People's Republic of China is one of the top three countries in terms of size. Moreover, China is known for its large population. For example, there are 96 million people in the Shandong province of China. And this, by the way, is almost 10 times more than in Sweden. The world's largest port, Shanghai, is located in Shandong province of China. Or another example: there are 21 million inhabitants in Beijing.
The provinces of China differ from each other in size, population, and standard of living. There are 23 provinces in the country. On the other hand, the island of Taiwan has a special independent position and does not consider itself a Chinese region. This has been going on since 1949 after the defeat of Chiang Kai-shek and the evacuation of his followers and military to Taiwan.
Each province is governed by a governor. On the other hand, party committee secretaries also have managerial influence.
According to official data, China has the following administrative structure:
The map of China looks like a patchwork quilt. For example, the largest regions in terms of area are autonomous regions. Xinjiang Uygur, Tibet Autonomous Regions and Inner Mongolia. Would you like more information? Ask a question here.
The number of people in China is approaching 1.5 billion. Accordingly, a large number, a huge territory, a multinational composition - everything left an imprint on the way of life in the regions.
Each province is a whole world, with its own way of life, cultural values and traditions. Provinces in China can specialize in one or more industries. So, let's talk about the largest ones.
Warm, green, the sea is splashing, enterprises, banks are working, high technologies are developing - this is how you can describe Guangdong in a few words. Translated from Chinese means "vast east". It is home to 115 million people. Almost like in Japan - 119 million people
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