Organic fertilizer; BIOHUMUS

Business plan for the production of fertilizers and vermicompost

Regular use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture leads to soil depletion and crop fall. The demand for organic fertilizers has increased in the world, and the production of vermicompost has become a profitable business.

Benefits of organic fertilization

Biohumus (vermicompost) is an organic fertilizer obtained by processing manure, bird droppings, sawdust by earthworms and other organisms (bacteria, fungi).

The fertilizer contains humic acids and humate salts, which provoke active growth of the root system and plant stems. In addition, vermicompost is rich in micro- and macroelements, enzymes and microflora that protect crops from diseases. Complex use of vermicompost in the form of root feeding and water pomace for irrigation leads to the following results:

Biohumus is ecologically safe and harmless for vegetable and fruit crops.

Business Features

To make vermicompost, you need a substrate from cattle manure and worms. It is more economical to use California worms.

Their lifespan is four times that of common rainfishes. Industrial production is carried out on large farms, where constant purchases of raw materials (manure) are not required.

Stages of vermicompost formation

To start production on your own vermicompost farm, you need to prepare a room in which the average temperature will not drop below 20 degrees and special boxes. Then buy the substrate and worms, at the rate of 750-900 individuals per sq. m. Stages of fertilizer formation:

  • Substrate preparation. The manure is mixed with vegetable leaves and peat is added to improve nutritional properties at the rate of 20 kg per 1 ton. Then they fall asleep in boxes or compost pits.
  • Adding worms. The substrate is moderately moistened with water at 20-23 degrees and the worms are spread over the entire surface. The boxes are covered with a thick cloth, since the worms do not like bright light.
  • Care and feeding. Three times a week, the compost is loosened and moistened with warm water, and food waste, foliage and straw are added for feeding.
  • Collecting vermicompost. With proper care, the number of worms increases rapidly. To ensure that their number does not exceed the permissible level, a sample is made. The worms are not fed for 5 days, after which groundbait is added, on which they move. The next day, it is removed from the substrate together with the worms, and the vermicompost formed in the boxes is collected. The finished material is dried, crushed and packaged.

The market for manure for compost in Russia is mainly represented by small and medium-sized farms. Large companies are engaged in the wholesale of compost and organic fertilizers.

Vermicompost production and marketing routes

The development of organic farming in the Kuban can become a powerful incentive for agriculture. Krasnodar entrepreneur Yuri Nebosov decided to lead this process and built the first bio-plant in the region for the production of organic fertilizers - Kuban AgroBioComplex LLC, which uses an innovative technology for the production of biohumates. Our correspondent visited the entrepreneur and found out what is the advantage of live fertilizers.

BIOLOGICAL EFFECT

The first organic fertilizer plant in the Kuban is located right in the middle of the fields in the suburbs of Krasnodar. It is impossible to get lost: at the exit from the village of Starokorsunskaya, turn left towards Dinskaya and five kilometers later - the territory of a biofuel plant, a production unit of Kuban AgroBioComplex LLC.

- Come on, I'll show you an interesting material, - the general director of the enterprise Yuri Leonidovich Nebosov immediately suggested and showed us a photo in his office. - On the fifteenth of March, on my personal plot, I planted a bucket of potatoes, and as soon as the sprouts broke through, I used my own biohumate. The other day there were frosts: all the tops of the neighbors turned black, in my garden there are tall green leaves. So much for the result. Almost all the neighbors have already visited my house - they were interested in biological products. In 2013, a law on the development of organic farming was adopted in the Kuban.

The law, according to Yuri Nebosov, is necessary and correct, but it still does not work properly. Until now, there are no mechanisms or means to ensure organic farming. Meanwhile, vermicompost has long been known as the most effective biofertilizer, it is considered the basis of mass production of organic food. And Yuri Leonidovich decided to take on this promising business. Fortunately, he was familiar with the successful foreign experience of using organic matter: he traveled a lot, traveled almost all over Europe, visited the UAE. “In Zurich, I once went into a grocery store and noticed a long queue,” recalls Yuri Nebosov.

- Like any Russian, I was interested in what they give there? It turned out that vegetables, the cost of which is forty percent higher than usual. But they were grown without the use of mineral fertilizers. In Dubai, the Krasnodar businessman was impressed by the largest flower park in the world - beautiful lawns, beautiful lawns. The flower miracle was simply explained.

In 2013, the United Arab Emirates purchased 900 thousand tons of vermicompost from India, China, Indonesia, Australia. With the help of these fertilizers, over 45 million flowers of various shapes and shades have been grown on an area of ​​more than 70 thousand square meters. Yuri Nebosov saw successful examples of the production and use of biofertilizers in the neighborhood - in the Rostov region.

- In May 2014, at the Don Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture, I met a specialist who has been dealing with biohumus and biohumates for more than five years, - says Yuri Leonidovich. - He showed me a photo with two fields: on one the soil was treated with his biological product, and the winter crops had a healthy green color, on the other field the vegetation was yellowed. The pictures were taken in the spring of 2010, when large areas of winter crops had to be re-sown due to spring frosts. Then the scientist showed me cucumbers, tomatoes grown using vermicompost (root feeding) and vermicompost (foliar processing).

The results of his experiments impressed me, and I finally got the idea of ​​creating my own plant for the production of organic fertilizers on an industrial scale. The entrepreneur took the drug of the Rostovite for a test: on May 2, he planted seedlings of cucumbers in his garden, on May 7 he fed them with vermicompost, treated them twice with fertilizers, and on May 25 he already treated his neighbors with the first cucumbers. People were very surprised because vegetables in their backyards grew two weeks later. Yuri Nebosov offered to lead the production of biofertilizers to the biotechnologist Alexander Vladimirovich Bogdanov, who is the author of the project of the Kuban AgroBioComplex. So, five kilometers from the village of Starokorsunskaya literally in an open field, on the territory of 3.5 hectares, a bio-plant grew. It was created in record time: the site with old agricultural buildings was reconstructed within seven months, and the enterprise produced its first products in January 2015.

DEEP BIOPROCESSING

The bio-plant uses original production biotechnology, which makes it possible to obtain large volumes of organic fertilizers from cow manure in a short time. Industrial production is based on three consecutive cycles of deep bioprocessing of organic agricultural waste.

The first cycle is the production of primary marketable products from manure raw materials: disinfected and purified composts of various degrees of humification.

Stages of vermicompost formation, its advantages as an organic fertilizer, doing business and financial calculations in a business plan

The production of fertilizers and vermicompost is a rapidly growing branch of agriculture. This is due to the fact that when growing plants to get more harvest, the soil must be fertilized. This is used by both amateur gardeners and large companies, so the demand for these products is great and tends to expand.

However, before opening it is necessary to study the technological process, work out sales channels, calculate the necessary investments. This is best done with a fertilizer business plan. This document will allow to collect together all the necessary information, draw up a procedure for further actions, will be an indispensable tool when communicating with potential investors and credit institutions.

Commencement of fertilizer production

In addition, within the framework of business planning for the production of humus and other fertilizers, it is worth conducting a detailed analysis of the market, including existing competitors, the volume of supply and demand, factors affecting the price, as well as the prospects for the development of the industry.

Particular attention should be paid to project performance indicators, which are calculated based on the profitability index, payback period, net present value.

The formed document will also help to secure government support in the form of subsidies, since the development of agriculture is a priority area of ​​state policy.

An example of a business plan for the production of fertilizers and vermicompost

Description

Table of Contents

Files

The main product of this business is various types of fertilizers:

  • Nitrogen ;
  • Phosphorus ;
  • Chlorine
  • Potassium ;
  • Micronutrient fertilizers;
  • Lime ;
  • Organic.

What is vermicompost and how it is used

Vermicompost or vermicompost is a product of processing various organic agricultural waste by earthworms. This is what makes it different from the same humus or compost, which are formed as a result of the action of various bacteria and microorganisms. Vermicompost has such characteristics as improving the structure of the soil and its water-physical properties. In addition, the concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in it is somewhat higher than in other organic matter. The advantages of vermicompost are also:

  • humus content from 10 to 15%;
  • acidity pH 6.5-7.5;
  • absence of foreign bacteria, seeds weeds, salts of heavy metals;
  • the presence in the composition of antibiotics and a large number of microorganisms that are involved in soil formation;
  • faster development and more stable immunity in plants fed with this organic matter;
  • valid for three to seven years.

Vermicompost is a harmless fertilizer; it cannot damage the soil or plants, harm people, animals or bees, in any proportion and in whatever land it is applied.

Vermicompost has proven itself well when used:

  • for the prevention of plant diseases and easy transfer of temperature changes;
  • to accelerate the process of seed germination and to increase the number of seedlings;
  • for increasing the volume and accelerating the ripening of the crop;
  • for quick recovery, restoration and increase of soil fertility;
  • to combat harmful insects (effect up to six months);
  • to improve the decorative appearance of flowers.

In addition, the use of this organic matter helps to reduce weeds on agricultural plots. Do you know? The yield of plants fertilized with vermicompost is 35-75% higher than that of those fertilized with manure. A few words about how to use vermicompost in the garden. It is used as the main fertilizer for:

This organic fertilizer is used throughout the season: from early spring to late autumn. Vermicompost can be applied to any soil and in any quantity, the recommended application rates are 3-6 tons of dry fertilizer per 1 ha for large areas, for small ones - 500 g per 1 m².

A liquid solution for feeding and watering plants is prepared from 1 liter of vermicompost, which is diluted in 10 liters of warm water.

Biohumus is sold ready-made in granules and in liquid form (water suspension).

Did you know? Breeding worms on special farms (vermiculture) was first taken up by the Americans in the 40s of the past century. Further, vermiculture spread to European countries. Today she is best known in Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands and other countries. It can be easily prepared at home. There are two ways to do this:

? Vermicompost is an organic fertilizer, a product of processing organic agricultural waste by earthworms and bacteria with the participation of other organisms (insects, fungi, etc.).

? Vermicompost production in Arzamas.

☎ Contacts: 8-960-161-84-26 (Svetlana), 8-908-165-42-59 (Ivan).

The assortment and prices are set by the store

  • Flower shop "Magnolia" - Arzamas, st. alinina, 1. Phone: +7 (83147) 7-29-33, +7 (905) 660-63-69
  • Shop "100 Little things" Arzamas, st. 50 years of the Komsomol, 12th. Phone: +7 (910) 883-64-10
  • Seeds, warehouse in Arzamas, Ivanovsky microdistrict, Solnechnaya street, 103. Phone: +7 (83147) 2- 43-08, +7 (83147) 2-44-71
  • Central Market, place 21, seeds.

  • You can order the goods by phone: +7 960 161 84 26;
  • Message in PM: Svetlana Kechina-Sytina
  • Possible delivery of goods (wholesale consignment) in the city of Arzamas
Our address: Nizhny Novgorod region Arzamas district with. Kirillovka st. Lenin d 234.

ATTENTION. A person is missing in the neighboring area!

Vakhtyorova Vera Vasilievna, 93 years old.

She went through the entire war and survived. Now we cannot let her die in the forest. Show in full. A home front worker, she built the Vyksa airfield, worked as a track fitter all her life, brought up wonderful children. All her achievements in life can be listed forever. Friends, my grandmother really needs our help! Only by acting together we CAN save Vera Vasilievna. Every person is important who did not remain indifferent to someone else's misfortune. It is your help that can be decisive in this search! LOOKING FOR VOLUNTEERS!

If you want to take part in the search, please contact the search info :: Maria (Melissa) 89103930508

WHY SPRING GARLIC TURNS YELLOW Garlic is a popular vegetable for planting in gardens and vegetable gardens, because it contains a huge amount of nutrients, thanks to which garlic is used as a medicine. Also, garlic gives food an amazing taste and aroma, so it is not surprising that many people like to plant it in their gardens.

Gardeners who plant garlic in their area can always face the question: "Why does garlic turn yellow in spring and what to do?" The yellowing of garlic begins from the tips, then increases rapidly, which leads to a slowdown in the growth and development of the plant, and to a poor harvest.

Popular posts
ChinaModernRU-Modern China

Features of tourism in China

  • . 22 minutes
Tourism education in Poland

Youth and children's tourism is a particularly interesting topic for many novice tourists and their parents. Especially for you, we have prepared this material

  • . 25 minutes
We use cookies
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. By using the website you agree to our use of cookies.
Allow cookies