Regular use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture leads to soil depletion and crop fall. The demand for organic fertilizers has increased in the world, and the production of vermicompost has become a profitable business.
Biohumus (vermicompost) is an organic fertilizer obtained by processing manure, bird droppings, sawdust by earthworms and other organisms (bacteria, fungi).
The fertilizer contains humic acids and humate salts, which provoke active growth of the root system and plant stems. In addition, vermicompost is rich in micro- and macroelements, enzymes and microflora that protect crops from diseases. Complex use of vermicompost in the form of root feeding and water pomace for irrigation leads to the following results:
Biohumus is ecologically safe and harmless for vegetable and fruit crops.
To make vermicompost, you need a substrate from cattle manure and worms. It is more economical to use California worms.
Their lifespan is four times that of common rainfishes. Industrial production is carried out on large farms, where constant purchases of raw materials (manure) are not required.
To start production on your own vermicompost farm, you need to prepare a room in which the average temperature will not drop below 20 degrees and special boxes. Then buy the substrate and worms, at the rate of 750-900 individuals per sq. m. Stages of fertilizer formation:
The market for manure for compost in Russia is mainly represented by small and medium-sized farms. Large companies are engaged in the wholesale of compost and organic fertilizers.
The development of organic farming in the Kuban can become a powerful incentive for agriculture. Krasnodar entrepreneur Yuri Nebosov decided to lead this process and built the first bio-plant in the region for the production of organic fertilizers - Kuban AgroBioComplex LLC, which uses an innovative technology for the production of biohumates. Our correspondent visited the entrepreneur and found out what is the advantage of live fertilizers.
The first organic fertilizer plant in the Kuban is located right in the middle of the fields in the suburbs of Krasnodar. It is impossible to get lost: at the exit from the village of Starokorsunskaya, turn left towards Dinskaya and five kilometers later - the territory of a biofuel plant, a production unit of Kuban AgroBioComplex LLC.
- Come on, I'll show you an interesting material, - the general director of the enterprise Yuri Leonidovich Nebosov immediately suggested and showed us a photo in his office. - On the fifteenth of March, on my personal plot, I planted a bucket of potatoes, and as soon as the sprouts broke through, I used my own biohumate. The other day there were frosts: all the tops of the neighbors turned black, in my garden there are tall green leaves. So much for the result. Almost all the neighbors have already visited my house - they were interested in biological products. In 2013, a law on the development of organic farming was adopted in the Kuban.
The law, according to Yuri Nebosov, is necessary and correct, but it still does not work properly. Until now, there are no mechanisms or means to ensure organic farming. Meanwhile, vermicompost has long been known as the most effective biofertilizer, it is considered the basis of mass production of organic food. And Yuri Leonidovich decided to take on this promising business. Fortunately, he was familiar with the successful foreign experience of using organic matter: he traveled a lot, traveled almost all over Europe, visited the UAE. “In Zurich, I once went into a grocery store and noticed a long queue,” recalls Yuri Nebosov.
- Like any Russian, I was interested in what they give there? It turned out that vegetables, the cost of which is forty percent higher than usual. But they were grown without the use of mineral fertilizers. In Dubai, the Krasnodar businessman was impressed by the largest flower park in the world - beautiful lawns, beautiful lawns. The flower miracle was simply explained.
In 2013, the United Arab Emirates purchased 900 thousand tons of vermicompost from India, China, Indonesia, Australia. With the help of these fertilizers, over 45 million flowers of various shapes and shades have been grown on an area of more than 70 thousand square meters. Yuri Nebosov saw successful examples of the production and use of biofertilizers in the neighborhood - in the Rostov region.
- In May 2014, at the Don Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture, I met a specialist who has been dealing with biohumus and biohumates for more than five years, - says Yuri Leonidovich. - He showed me a photo with two fields: on one the soil was treated with his biological product, and the winter crops had a healthy green color, on the other field the vegetation was yellowed. The pictures were taken in the spring of 2010, when large areas of winter crops had to be re-sown due to spring frosts. Then the scientist showed me cucumbers, tomatoes grown using vermicompost (root feeding) and vermicompost (foliar processing).
The results of his experiments impressed me, and I finally got the idea of creating my own plant for the production of organic fertilizers on an industrial scale. The entrepreneur took the drug of the Rostovite for a test: on May 2, he planted seedlings of cucumbers in his garden, on May 7 he fed them with vermicompost, treated them twice with fertilizers, and on May 25 he already treated his neighbors with the first cucumbers. People were very surprised because vegetables in their backyards grew two weeks later. Yuri Nebosov offered to lead the production of biofertilizers to the biotechnologist Alexander Vladimirovich Bogdanov, who is the author of the project of the Kuban AgroBioComplex. So, five kilometers from the village of Starokorsunskaya literally in an open field, on the territory of 3.5 hectares, a bio-plant grew. It was created in record time: the site with old agricultural buildings was reconstructed within seven months, and the enterprise produced its first products in January 2015.
The bio-plant uses original production biotechnology, which makes it possible to obtain large volumes of organic fertilizers from cow manure in a short time. Industrial production is based on three consecutive cycles of deep bioprocessing of organic agricultural waste.
The first cycle is the production of primary marketable products from manure raw materials: disinfected and purified composts of various degrees of humification.
The production of fertilizers and vermicompost is a rapidly growing branch of agriculture. This is due to the fact that when growing plants to get more harvest, the soil must be fertilized. This is used by both amateur gardeners and large companies, so the demand for these products is great and tends to expand.
However, before opening it is necessary to study the technological process, work out sales channels, calculate the necessary investments. This is best done with a fertilizer business plan. This document will allow to collect together all the necessary information, draw up a procedure for further actions, will be an indispensable tool when communicating with potential investors and credit institutions.
In addition, within the framework of business planning for the production of humus and other fertilizers, it is worth conducting a detailed analysis of the market, including existing competitors, the volume of supply and demand, factors affecting the price, as well as the prospects for the development of the industry.
Particular attention should be paid to project performance indicators, which are calculated based on the profitability index, payback period, net present value.
The formed document will also help to secure government support in the form of subsidies, since the development of agriculture is a priority area of state policy.
Table of Contents
The main product of this business is various types of fertilizers:
Vermicompost or vermicompost is a product of processing various organic agricultural waste by earthworms. This is what makes it different from the same humus or compost, which are formed as a result of the action of various bacteria and microorganisms. Vermicompost has such characteristics as improving the structure of the soil and its water-physical properties. In addition, the concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in it is somewhat higher than in other organic matter. The advantages of vermicompost are also:
Vermicompost is a harmless fertilizer; it cannot damage the soil or plants, harm people, animals or bees, in any proportion and in whatever land it is applied.
Vermicompost has proven itself well when used:
In addition, the use of this organic matter helps to reduce weeds on agricultural plots. Do you know? The yield of plants fertilized with vermicompost is 35-75% higher than that of those fertilized with manure. A few words about how to use vermicompost in the garden. It is used as the main fertilizer for:
This organic fertilizer is used throughout the season: from early spring to late autumn. Vermicompost can be applied to any soil and in any quantity, the recommended application rates are 3-6 tons of dry fertilizer per 1 ha for large areas, for small ones - 500 g per 1 m².
A liquid solution for feeding and watering plants is prepared from 1 liter of vermicompost, which is diluted in 10 liters of warm water.
Biohumus is sold ready-made in granules and in liquid form (water suspension).
Did you know? Breeding worms on special farms (vermiculture) was first taken up by the Americans in the 40s of the past century. Further, vermiculture spread to European countries. Today she is best known in Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands and other countries. It can be easily prepared at home. There are two ways to do this:
? Vermicompost is an organic fertilizer, a product of processing organic agricultural waste by earthworms and bacteria with the participation of other organisms (insects, fungi, etc.).
? Vermicompost production in Arzamas.
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