Inessa Natalich, a resident of the Polesie district of the Kaliningrad region, who at one time restored the building of a pre-war German rural school and opened a museum there, took up a new historical object. Her family bought the building of an old dilapidated brewery in the regional center and is restoring it. The journalist of "AiF-Kaliningrad" learned about what would be there.
Inessa Savelievna is a doctor-epidemiologist by education, she worked for 20 years as the chief physician of the regional sanitary and epidemiological station, then worked in the regional center for the fight against AIDS. In 2002, she retired and took up what she loved - studying history, leading excursions. Now she, together with librarians, travels to villages - looking for initiative people who can offer something special to the guests of the region: from smoked fish to boat excursions along the bay.
“I am studying the history of my area. I collect documents, antiques, eyewitness accounts, - says Inessa Savelyevna. - The Museum "Old German School Waldwinkel" is already small for me, nowhere to place the exhibits. And then the district administration put up for auction the building of the former brewery. Before that, they exhibited four times - no one took it. My sons - entrepreneurs Maxim and Alexander bought it. They said, “Mom, you wanted to expand the museum. Come on! "
The building has an interesting story: after the war, under Soviet rule, the indigenous people of East Prussia continued to brew beer for some time. However, there is little pre-war information about the plant in the archives.
“Former residents of East Prussia helped,” says the guide. - The brewery was built and started production in 1840 by the Jew Albert Blankenstein. She worked successfully for almost a hundred years. On January 23, 1945, our troops took Labiau (Polessk). The first book of orders for this brewery has been preserved in the local archive. Its first Soviet director, Lieutenant Colonel Nikolai Parfyonovich Novov, in October 1945 began to recruit workers, including the remaining Germans, in order to restore production. The first brewing of beer is dated February 17, 1946. It was conducted by the brewer Julius Troiman. By the way, in the first years after the war, 104 people worked at the enterprise, of which only 12 were Russians. The Germans worked here until October 1948. Even 2 payroll records for April 1946 have been preserved. The highest earnings were for the director (1,300 rubles), his deputy and an accountant (1,000 rubles each). The mechanic's - 800, the caretaker - 500, the brewer Troiman Julius - 340 rubles, the auxiliary workers (Germans) - 183 rubles.
The sons of Inessa Savelyevna studied the topic of pre-war beer production, in the future they dream of opening a small workshop here: to brew beer according to old recipes. And make this production open so that tourists can watch the process, as in the Czech Republic.
The big question is where to get the money? Everything that the family earns is invested in the restoration of the building. But local residents do not yet believe that the Natalich family will succeed.
“It would be cheaper to demolish everything and rebuild. Others do so, - Inessa Savelievna admits. - But our goal is to preserve. Since there were no schemes or documents left, communications had to be looked for blindly. Along the way, we found a lot of interesting things. For example, huge deep containers buried underground. They are filled with clean water. It is not clear what this water is. When the grief was cleared away (excavators had to work!), A cobbled courtyard was opened. Behind the building is an abandoned park that we want to improve. There is a problem: we do not know where to make the entrance to the building. The path from the central road lies past the new residential building of the FSB border department. Passage is not yet allowed. The border guards promise to resolve positively the question of land surveying. Hope for understanding".
Inessa Natalich is expecting tourists already in April - the Rural Tourism Resource Center will open in the building of the former brewery. According to the enthusiast, her task is to promote tourist routes to the villages (she won grants for the projects "Rural tourism. From village to village" and "Tourist mosaic of Polesie villages").
The third route is "Saranskoye - New Village". The villages where the first echelons of immigrants from Mordovia and Chuvashia landed in the region. The natives of those places ended the war in Prussia, took Laukishken (Saranskoe) by storm. We saw this rich land and, when recruiting for the settlement of East Prussia began, returned here. Then people lived in Mordovia very poor: wooden houses covered with thatch. And here there were even stone sheds, tiled feeders, water was supplied. This surprised them beyond measure.