The Ministry of Agriculture urges to let migrants into Russia for seasonal work in the field, since local residents do not want to participate either in planting or in harvesting. How does this threaten the country's economy?
The Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Internal Affairs will work out the issue of attracting foreign workers to carry out seasonal work in agriculture this year. Such an order was given to three departments by Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko. First Deputy Minister of Agriculture Dzhambulat Khatuov asked her to assist in attracting foreign workers to the domestic agricultural industry. From the letter of Dzhambulat Khizirovich it follows that a number of processes in agriculture require additional attraction from abroad of seasonal workers who have the necessary experience, knowledge and skills.
A question arises: do our villagers have experience, knowledge and skills in planting and picking cucumbers, or what, no? Let's open courses then. Chickens laugh at the same argumentation! Khatuov, by the way, was born in the Krasnodar Territory, where he worked until 2016 - and he could not help but see that his fellow Adygs, as well as Russians, Ukrainians, Armenians permanently residing in the Kuban, worked for many years perfectly in the Soviet, later the Russian granary.
But now it seems they are not needed.
The initiative could still be understood if there were heaps of work in the village - so much so that local residents could not cope and really needed the help of foreign labor, but this is not the case. State Duma deputy Nikolai Didenko said that people in Siberia climb six-meter-high cedar pines in order to earn at least something. This is called "bumping" or "bumping", that is, harvesting nuts.
We have no work at all in our village, no official employment. A large number of families live as wild plants - they beat a pine cone. In order to fill a cone, people sit in the taiga for 3 months, climb cedars. And on the income that a person receives, his family - children, grandchildren, relatives - lives the whole year.
Of course, there are "depopulated" territories, from where the local population left for large villages and cities to study, to more qualified work. But this does not mean that migrants need to be saved. There are many other options for solving the problem - student teams from agricultural universities and colleges, for example. We went to potatoes earlier in the summer. Labor, as you know, ennobles. Or another solution is the employment of people who have lost their jobs in other industries. Better than sitting on unemployment benefits.
For many decades, foreigners have become accustomed to working in Russia on a rotational basis. We arrived, say, for the strawberry harvesting season, earned some money, and left. Vyacheslav Postavnin, President of the Migration XXI Century Foundation, said that there are those who remain - there are also many of them.
A part remains, receives the necessary statuses - first a residence permit, then a residence permit and citizenship in the end. Ukrainians and Moldovans work in the southern regions of Russia. In the Orenburg, Volgograd and Astrakhan regions there are Uzbeks and Tajiks.
In terms of economic health, foreign labor is evil. First, it is the export of capital. The money that guest workers earn does not stay in Russia, a person will not buy boots with it, the company will not receive income and will not pay taxes to the budget, these taxes will not be used to pay pensions, to build roads, schools and kindergartens. The money earned here supports the economies of neighboring and not always friendly states. There is one more aspect, in which, in fact, lies the main answer to the question of why migrants are drawn here - salaries. Workers from Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and other countries are ready to work for less money. Alexander Diaghilev, head of the Information Center for Controlling Illegal Migration in Moscow, says that they are dumping in the labor market, and that producers, in the case of agriculture, farmers, should do just that.
Migrants agree to live in inhuman conditions, on a rotational basis, and receive lower wages. They have a lot of people, everyone wants to live and eat, so they have no choice but to come here and work for a penny.