Livestock at the expense of the state, "gastronomic farms" and benefits for mothers: life returns to the villages of Armenia

Rest in Yerevan from A to Z

Last month I spent several days in Armenia. This country is becoming more and more popular every day, but it is still untouched by the crowds of tourists, so travel to Aremnia is certainly still affordable.

Being one of the oldest Christian civilizations, Armenia has a rich history, which, combined with its natural beauty, makes this place very interesting to visit. Did you know that the oldest winery in the world, which is almost 6,000 years old, is located in the Areni caves in Armenia?

Why go to Armenia?

The locals are proud of their heritage and their country, even though some of its history is dark.

Attractions

I started my journey in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia and the largest city in the country.

However, as you can imagine, there are many museums in which you can find the world's oldest relics.

My first stop in the city was a cascade - a giant white staircase that hides a cultural center and many Botero sculptures. If you are lucky, you can see Mount Ararart from the cascade. Yes, this is the peak described in the Bible where Noah stopped his ark.

Most tourists go to the two most popular places at an altitude of 1500 meters in the foothills of the Geghama Range: Garni Temple and Geghard Monastery.

My schedule allowed me to visit only a few of the main places in Armenia, and I spent most of my time in the countryside.

The villages of Armenia are an ideal place for both cultural tourism lovers and nature lovers.

Approximately 200 thousand people left Armenia and did not return between 2008 and 2017. Moreover, it was mainly young people, families with children who emigrated. Socio-economic upheavals, the war and the aftermath of the Spitak earthquake forced people to leave their homes in search of work. First of all, this affected the inhabitants of the periphery: the villages of Armenia were rapidly emptied for 30 years. In recent years, the situation has begun to change. Largely - thanks to a number of state programs for the revival of villages.

Photo: Chiva village, Vayots Dzor region of Armenia

Government support for animal husbandry

The village of Ptghni in the Kotayk region of Armenia is a small village 20 minutes drive from Yerevan. The population here is just over a thousand people. There are almost no young people, in search of a better life, the able-bodied population flees from the village to the capital. There is practically no work, so the only way to survive is to keep livestock. But not everyone can afford it. The Khachatryan family, spouses and three minor children have only a few chickens. The last cow was sold four years ago to pay for my grandmother's funeral. Five of them live on poverty benefits, which is about $ 80. Rescue in the form of a one and a half year old heifer came to the family unexpectedly at the end of December last year.

Photo: Spouses Khachatryan with a cow allocated under the state program.

“I got a call from the social services, they say - do you want to take a cow? I say yes, but there is no finance, we will not be able to buy. And they give me - we will provide you with everything, you just need to take care of the animal. Of course, we agreed with great joy, ”says Anait Khachatryan, a resident of the village of Ptghni.

The cow was brought in a few days later, along with a year's supply of hay. We also paid for the services of a veterinarian who will help the Khachatryans take care of the animals. The milk and the calf, which should appear in the spring, belong to the family. Any animal under the state program can be obtained - from a sheep to an ostrich. The family chooses for themselves. The main thing is to keep within $ 2,100. And meet some requirements.

Photo: One and a half year old cow saved the Khachatryan family

Arman Udumyan, Deputy Minister of Labor and Social Affairs of Armenia:

“The family should have conditions for keeping livestock, first of all - a barn. And, of course, the experience of dealing with the animal that the family acquires. The state, which spends 2 thousand dollars on each family - on the animal itself, food for it and the services of a veterinarian - simply cannot take risks and entrust this animal to people who do not know how to handle it, ”explains the Deputy Minister of Labor and Social issues of Armenia Arman Udumyan.

Photo: Together with the cattle, the family is allocated an annual supply of feed

Yerevan ranks first in terms of territory and population in the whole of Armenia and is its capital. This city is considered the spiritual and cultural center of the country. The historical roots of the city go back to 782. Erevan began its life this year. All about holidays in Yerevan in 2021, Armenia - prices, entertainment and sights will be told in this article.

A bit of history about the city of Yerevan

At the time of the ruler Argishti, a fortress was built on the site of the modern southern outskirts of the city, where more than 6 thousand war captives languished. And already in the 5th century, the first church of Peter and Paul was built in Erevan, which, unfortunately, was destroyed in 1931. In the 7th century, it already became part of Armenia. And in the XI it was inhabited by more than 20 thousand people.

The 16th-17th century was the most difficult for the inhabitants of the city of Erevan. Since it was subjected to constant invasions by the Ottomans, and its inhabitants were taken into slavery. After many years, in 1827 the city became part of the Russian Empire. In those days, the city looked like a poor settlement, in the center of which stood the ruins of a fortress and a palace. Of the infrastructure, only a couple of factories, a brick and cognac factories worked there. After the First World War, a tram made its first journey in Yerevan. And in 1920 the city underwent reconstruction.

Now the city has begun to develop infrastructure for tourism. There are 80 hotels in the city for 2021. Tourist destinations are open, among which excursions, eco-tours, ski holidays and mountaineering are very popular.

The city center is also called "pink" in honor of buildings built of pink tuff. In this place is the famous Historical Museum and the "singing fountains".

Climate

Each area has its own climate. Thus, in the highlands, a continental climate of a temperate nature prevails. But in the city itself, the subtropical reigns. The height of the mountainous regions is no more than 300 meters. In winter, the temperature is kept at around -5 degrees, while in summer the average temperature is kept at around -27 degrees. The lowest recorded temperature is -31 degrees, but the highest one reached +42 degrees.

Yerevan is called a sunny city.

And this is confirmed by 2700 hours of solar activity. Frosts reign in the mountains for a long time. They last up to 224 hours a year. This area is constantly blown by winds, which is why the snow does not linger for a long time in winter. Winter does not last long, spring also quickly turns into summer. The city is characterized by dry and hot weather for 4 months. Rains are observed only in the spring months. And they fall in April and May.

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