Guest house business plan

Where does farming tourism begin?

Private guest house - what is it, how does it differ from a hotel and under what conditions will it generate income? The development of domestic tourism makes collective accommodation facilities - hotels, hotels, guest houses and hostels - in demand. Not all tourists like big hotels, some like the homely atmosphere and less formal service. In addition, the cost of living in a guest house can be significantly lower than in a hotel, and the conditions of stay are better than in a hostel. Consider a business plan for a guest house in the village and on the seaside.

Definition of the Guest House in accordance with the law

A guest house - what is it by law? A guesthouse or a rural guesthouse is a collective accommodation facility in a rural area or a small town, characterized by a small number of rooms, aimed at families. In the guest house, tourists not only live, but eat and relax. The number of numbers does not exceed 10. This definition can be specified in GOST 56641-2015.

In practice, guest houses and mini-hotels are no different. These accommodation facilities are also referred to as country estates, agritourist farms, hunter and fishermen's houses, bungalows. There is no fundamental difference between them, and the choice of the name is often based solely on the wishes of the owner. Many people rightly believe that for certain categories of tourists the name “home” sounds more attractive than “hotel”, because it evokes pleasant associations with comfort and a relaxed atmosphere.

All mandatory requirements for hotels in Russia are listed in the appendix to the order of the Ministry of Sports dated May 7, 2010 No. 461. Most of the provisions of the above-mentioned state standard for guest houses are advisory in nature:

  • driveways for cars, as well as pedestrian paths;
  • fenced area;
  • division into economic and recreational zones, different entrances to zones;
  • information for tourists about local attractions, public transport hours, as well as rules of conduct and information for emergencies, evacuation plans is placed inside the guest house;
  • all rooms are equipped with artificial lighting , cold and hot water supply or the possibility of water heating, heating, public communications.

Guest House Business Plan

Opening your own guest house is not an easy task, because it involves large-scale work on obtaining permits, preparing the house for receiving tourists, advertising and attracting clients. The activity is complicated by high competition. To attract more guests, an entrepreneur will have to offer them something that the competition doesn't have. The legal basis for the requirements is presented in the order of the Ministry of Culture dated July 11, 2014 No. 1215.

Guest house business plan:

  • Choice of organizational and legal form and registration. It is recommended to choose LLC for accommodation facilities.
  • Preparing the house. Buying, renting, building or renovating. It may be necessary to re-register the residential premises of the fund into non-residential ones. (The status of residential or non-residential premises is fundamental for the registration of documents for opening).
  • Registration of permissions and related documentation. Conclusion of contracts with service organizations.
  • Hiring employees. For a small guest house, these are 2-3 maids, 2 administrators, a building and territory maintenance worker. If the house has a kitchen, cooks and kitchen workers will be required.
  • Start serving and receiving guests. Registration of the guest house in Russian and international booking services.

If the opening of a hotel costs several tens of millions of rubles (just transferring the premises to a non-residential fund can cost 500 thousand rubles), then the creation of a guest house is many times cheaper. This is especially a profitable option for owners of large land plots and large houses in tourist attractive areas.

As for the documentation of the guest house, for legal functioning it will be:

  • certificate of LLC or individual entrepreneur;
  • notification of Rospotrebnadzor about the start of activities;
  • lease agreement or certificate of ownership of the premises;
  • permission of SES;
  • permission of the fire inspection;
  • protocols of analyzes and measurements of water, washings of working surfaces, ventilation flushes;
  • contract for the removal and disposal of waste ;
  • contract for the disposal of fluorescent lamps;
  • contract for pest control and deratization;
  • internal documentation.

A few years ago, no one in Russia knew about such a direction of recreation as rural tourism, which today is very popular and is actively developing. The number of supporters of tourist destinations is growing day by day all over the planet, including in Russia. Rural tourism, which is often called agrarian and village tourism, allows city dwellers to take a break from the constant hustle and bustle, relieve stress and relax, breathe plenty of fresh air, listen to birdsong. In addition, unlike expensive trips to distant beaches, rural tourism allows you to save money - there is simply nowhere to undertake large spending on holidays in the countryside. Do not forget about the various new sensations that rural tourism will give to urban residents, who are accustomed to being surrounded by endless concrete high-rise buildings.

Rural tourism is interesting not only for its low costs and closeness to nature, but even for agricultural work - few of the townspeople can boast of experience in feeding chickens or milking cows. In this regard, people who already have a wealth of travel experience, who have had to lie on the beaches, ski, climb rocks, and scuba dive, actively join the rural tourist. The range of entertainment offered by agricultural tourism is very large - swimming in reservoirs and boating, walking and cycling in the surroundings, fishing, hunting, hiking for mushrooms and berries, as well as a unique opportunity to experience the peasant life, touch the ancient traditions villagers, to get acquainted with the amazing flavor of the village, regardless of whether it is a French village or a village.

Rural Tourism Video

Russia, as you know, has a huge potential for the development of this tourist destination. And, despite the fact that so far agricultural tourism in our country is still not as popular as in the West, every year it becomes more and more in demand. The audience is also changing - if earlier people with small and medium incomes preferred recreation in the countryside, now rural tourism is not neglected by very wealthy people either. This is partly due to the emergence of more comfortable conditions in the Russian provinces, as in Western countries. The range of entertainment available to tourists is also expanding. So, for example, boat trips and, of course, horse riding are gaining more and more popularity, which was not previously available in many popular centers of rural tourism due to the high cost of keeping animals. Riding on ATVs in the warm season and on snowmobiles in winter is in demand. Walking and excursion routes are actively developing, which is facilitated by the natural features of the area.

The most widespread rural tourism in our country is in Karelia, Altai, as well as in the Kaliningrad region - in regions that are distinguished by special beauty and variety of landscapes, outstanding nature. In addition, agrarian tourism is popular in the Southern Federal District - in the Krasnodar Territory, the Rostov Region, and the Stavropol Territory. In recent years, rural tourism centers in the Moscow region and the Leningrad region have been actively gaining popularity among tourists, including foreign ones.

Rural and agricultural tourism in the World

It is worth noting that in the United States of America and in Europe, from where this one came to our country, rural tourism has been very popular for a very long time - small European villages and famous American ranches are a favorite place for families and individuals. rest and an excellent opportunity to spend time in nature. An important factor in the popularity of agritourism is nutrition with natural, organic products “just from the garden”. In addition, rich excursion opportunities are an integral part of rural tourism around the world - agritourism centers offer excursions to fields and gardens, to apiaries and stud farms.

In European countries, especially in and, rural tourism is preferred by up to a quarter of all travelers, especially since in recent years the infrastructure of the village has made a sharp leap forward, and now, villages that previously offered, although very colorful, but nevertheless, Spartan conditions can boast of comfortable mini-hotels, which even have access to the Internet. It may seem that such an "invasion of civilization", on the contrary, brings agrarian tourism closer to sunset, but in fact, this is a matter of personal preferences, and more comfortable and modern conditions only allow people to join all the delights of rural tourism, who have never thought of rest in any any isolation from civilization. Such modern centers of rural tourism are popular with tourists who want to relax in the countryside and in nature, but having a TV, telephone and Internet at hand.

In the United States, rural tourism usually means accommodation in guest houses on ranches or farms, rarely offering accommodation in separate rooms in a shared home. The main destinations for agricultural tourism here are the agricultural regions of the Midwest - Colorado, Texas, Nebraska, Missouri and South Dakota. As for - each of the countries has its own unique characteristics of rural tourism. So, for example, in Germany, agrarian tourism is not complete without all kinds of festivals and fairs, where traditionally all the villages drink beer and mulled wine, and enjoy local dishes. There are a huge number of villages in the country, and it is impossible to single out a specific area in which rural tourism would be more developed than in others. In Italy, rural tourism is distinguished by a high level of civilization, but this does not compromise the quality of recreation. Here tourists will be taught how to cook spaghetti and bake bread, make cheeses or wines, depending on the specific region. So, if you want to spend time in the vineyards and master the science of making wine, you should go to Tuscany, and if you are interested in the life of a fishing village, there is no better place than Sicily.

Tourism, which is associated with staying in a personal peasant or farm, is characterized by various forms of spending free time, using tourist services within a rural hospitable estate. Actually, this type of rural tourism is usually called agritourism.

at the end of the 20th century. in the Ukrainian, as well as in the world, literature, the concept of "agritourism" (agritourism) appeared: "arpo" comes from the Greek term "agros", which means "field", and in complex words it corresponds to the concepts of "land", "agricultural", and " agrónomos ", which denotes involvement in farming in rural areas.

Tourism is a form of active recreation outside the place of permanent residence. Before rest, physical, cognitive, sports and other needs are motivated. Agritourism is de facto a concept that emerged as a consequence of the proposal for the provision of tourism services in a peasant or farm household. With the development of the tourist movement, it became voluminous, defining the types of activities associated with serving not only tourists, and actually fellow villagers. Therefore, the concept of "agritourism" is interpreted somewhat differently by tourists and business entities. For the tourist, agritourism means a tourist activity of a person who intends to learn about agricultural production and/or relax in a rural environment. On the other hand, the subjects providing agritourism services put different meanings into the concept of "agritourism": for example, this is accommodation - agro-hotels, food - agrogastronomy, rest - agro-pochinok, sport - agro-sport, and even treatment, rehabilitation - agro-therapy.

Y. Maevsky understands agritourism as various forms of tourism associated with the functioning of agriculture. Agricultural production and animal feeding constitute one of the essential delights. Rural tourism, as defined by the scientist, is every type of tourism that takes place in a rural environment and uses its values. Rural lifestyle, nature, landscapes, culture, architecture and the like are the main delights.

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