Ancient crafts: 5 places on the map of Russia

7 Russian folk crafts that have survived to this day

So far, no one knows when the borders will reopen after the pandemic, but everyone agrees on one thing: domestic tourism will recover faster than international tourism. Start collecting ideas for your future travels in Russia!

For clay toys - in Kirov

Ladies, gentlemen, roosters with peacock tails, horse-whistles, and everything with a bright geometric painting on a white background - you recognize the Dymkovo toy at first sight. The craft arose 4 centuries ago in the Dymkovo settlement near Vyatka (present-day Kirov), where painted clay figurines were made for the spring holiday of Svistunya. They still work on the "haze" by hand: they are molded from red clay, mixing it with fine sand, dried, fired, covered with whitewash and painted. The ornament seems deliberately simple, but all patterns and colors are symbolic: a rhombus is a symbol of fertility, a circle is the sun, blue is the sky, green is land or arable land.

Most of the Dymkovo toys are collected in the Vasnetsov Kirov Art Museum. In the small museum of Dymkovo toys, also in Kirov, there are fewer exhibits. But they conduct interesting excursions, and at master classes you can fashion your own rider on a horse or a turkey with a tail like a peacock. On the third floor in the same building there is a company store, from which no one has yet been able to get away without colorful souvenirs.

How to get to Kirov: From Moscow and St. Petersburg - by train; from Kazan, Ufa, Syktyvkar, Yoshkar-Ola and other cities - by bus. And the fastest - by plane directly to Kirov.

For Khokhloma - to Semyonov

Festive Khokhloma painting with balalaika and matryoshka is the most Russian thing we have. It appeared in the 17th century in the Nizhny Novgorod province. Craftsmen from all over the area brought their products to the large village of Khokhloma - hence the name.

Today's fishing center is the city of Semyonov, 60 km from the same Khokhloma. On a tour of the Khokhloma painting plant, they show how future ladles and sugar bowls are turned on a lathe or cut by hand. Then they are primed with clay to make them look like clay pots, covered with linseed oil, tinned, and at the end they are painted and fired. For those who like to try everything on themselves, a master class is held, in which the canonical berries of mountain ash and strawberries will come out from under your hands. A good continuation - a thousand and one items made of Khokhloma, from chess to candlesticks, in the Zolotaya Khokhloma museum next door.

How to get to Semenov: by bus or train from Nizhny Novgorod, or by train from Moscow from the Kursk railway station.

Go to Pavlovsky Posad for headscarves

In Russia, married women could be recognized not only by the wedding ring, but also by the ornament, color and style of clothing and, most importantly, by the headdress: after the wedding, the hair was supposed to be covered. Ponynik, kichka, borushka - what kind of headdresses were missing, but a scarf has always remained a universal thing. It was worn separately or with something else - for example, with a kokoshnik.

A scarf factory in the village of Pavlovo appeared in 1795. Half a century later, the first woolen shawls with a printed pattern were released on it - the very ones that later became famous far beyond the borders of the country. Until the 1970s, flowers and oriental designs were carved in wood and applied hundreds of times to each scarf. Now they print on a mesh pattern, but the scarves are still good. The entire path that the craft has passed in two hundred years is presented in the museum at the Pavlovo Posad shawl manufactory. Inspired by the beauty of the museum, head to the brand store in Herzen Lane.

China is considered the birthplace of lacquer miniatures. In Russia, thanks to trade with the Eastern state, painted trays, fans and screens appeared in the 17th century. Under Peter I, the Monplaisir Palace in Peterhof was decorated with 94 lacquer panels "like China", and soon they began to teach lacquer art at the Academy of Arts. There were many workshops in the vicinity of Moscow and St. Petersburg, but only four centers survived: Fedoskino, Palekh, Kholui and Mstera.

Fedoskino

In the village of Fedoskino near Moscow, at the end of the 18th century, merchant Pyotr Korobov produced lacquer visors for army headdresses. Later, the assortment of the factory was expanded at the expense of snuff boxes, on which they pasted varnished engravings.

The craft began to develop after Korobov's daughter married Pyotr Lukutin. The enterprising son-in-law not only replaced the pictures with paintings, but also chose subjects that were close to the Russian heart: troikas, tea drinking, fairy-tale motives. Lacquer miniatures were used to decorate caskets and snuff boxes, salt shakers and caddies, handles of umbrellas and walking sticks.

Fedoskintsy were distinguished by their multi-layered colorful style. The skill of the painters bordered on jewelry: the boxes were also decorated with a pattern - "filigree" of gold and silver plates. Years passed from the creation of the box to its appearance on the counter: the varnishes were kept in the sun for durability. The masters studied at the factory, and the most talented were sent to the Stroganov School.

Palekh

Palekh master icon painters painted the Faceted Chamber of the Kremlin, the temples of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra and the Novodevichy Convent. It is not known whether the name of the village of Palekh would have sounded all over the country after the revolution, if not for Ivan Golikov, a hereditary icon painter, restorer, and theater artist. Seeing the Fedoskino caskets in the Handicraft Museum, he painted his miniature - it aroused the interest of specialists. In the 1920s, Palekh boxes received a diploma from the All-Union Art Exhibition and became a sensation at world exhibitions in Venice and Paris. In Palekh, they set up production, began to train masters and, at the suggestion of Maxim Gorky, opened a museum at the Artel of Painting. So the traditional technology of tempera painting was fixed on lacquer boxes. The images painted in golden colors on a black background “tell” fairy tales and epics, while maintaining the sophistication of the image of the Russian icon.

Mstera

The village of Mstera in the Vladimir region has been known since the 20s of the 17th century thanks to the masters of the Epiphany Monastery. In the holy monastery they painted "petty letters" - miniature icons; later they taught the skill to the villagers as well.

Mstera artists began to depict the life of a Russian village on lacquer miniatures in the 1920s, when icons were almost on the verge of being banned. New plots were dictated to the artists by the October Revolution. It took some time to make caskets here; at first, wooden items were painted with tempera. But they were poorly bought, but the painted lacquer boxes from the "Proletarian Art" cooperative fell in love with the buyers. The masters Mstera observed the Old Believer traditions of icon painting, painted in the Dutch landscape and popular prints, and depicted Persian ornaments. Mstera artists avoided a black background, which made the miniature world of boxes seem especially clean and festive. This is how my own unique style appeared.

Kholui

Shaping a clay toy, weaving linden sandals or painting a tray? We invite you to a virtual tour of cities and villages, where the traditions of folk crafts are inherited. We get acquainted with unique crafts and # rest in Russia.

Sloboda Dymkovo (Kirov city) - whistles for "whistling"

More than 400 years ago, the first ritual toys - whistles - appeared in the Dymkovo settlement (today a microdistrict of the city of Kirov). They were made of red clay and river sand for the spring holiday "whistle dancing". This is how one of the oldest art crafts in Russia was born in Dymkovo. Dymkovo toys acquired the familiar look in the 19th century: they began to be painted with characteristic variegated patterns.

Tourists usually come to Dymkovo in summer or autumn: floods occur here in spring. In "Vyatka Venice", as the locals call the settlement, festivals, contests, concerts, as well as master classes on modeling and painting of toys are held. At the end of August, residents of Dymkovo celebrate Spas Day - the main holiday of the settlement.

There is a museum "Dymkovo Toy" in Kirov. Museum guests can learn the history of the ancient craft, meet with craftswomen and together with them sculpt the famous clay figurines.

Korovino village (Vladimir region) - dishes made of "clay dough"

Masters of pottery from the village of Korovino used local clay - white and red - for their work. The ceramics were fired in a special way, and then covered with a colored contrasting glaze. Strong and beautiful earthenware was in great demand at the fairs of Vladimir, Suzdal, Murom and Pavlov.

According to ancient technologies, ceramics are still produced here today. The craftsmen prepare the clay themselves. First, it is stored in special pits and "ripens" in the sun. Then water is added to it and "clay dough" is prepared. Crafted dishes are dried by craftsmen, then fired and decorated with colored or transparent glaze. Craftsmen can cover the entire product as a whole, paint it or decorate it "marbled" by mixing several colors.

Guests of the village of Korovino can not only look at the work of the masters, but also take a few lessons in pottery. Tourists will be told about the history of the local craft and taught its main secrets.

Zhostovo village (Moscow region) - "blooming" trays

Popular posts
What tourist routes can Moldovans afford?

A Sputnik correspondent shares with readers his impressions of traveling around the country, and also tells where and what to see within a day trip.

  • . 15 minutes
Did you know that franchising in tourism brings staggering income

What is a travel agency franchise, what types it is subdivided into. What are the advantages of a travel agency for a franchise, the difference between a turnkey franchise and a host agency.

  • . 19 minutes
We use cookies
We Use Cookies to Ensure That We Give You The Best Experience on Our Website. By Using The Website You Agree to Our Use of Cookies.
ALLOW COOKIES.