Agriculture

2 main branches of agriculture - crop and livestock

SUBJECT

Understanding the environment, especially the one we live in, is incredibly important to the survival of any community. The study of the world's environment began centuries ago, before our era. In recent years, agriculture is a real industry that is rapidly changing and developing dynamically.

Agriculture includes the solution of such problems as: search for goods and producers, the development of genetically modified crops, technical development and environmental protection, organic farming methods.

The role of agriculture in the modern world cannot be overemphasized. After all, this is the most obvious way to preserve life. The planet's population continues to grow, and at an ever faster pace. And the resources of the Earth are exhaustible. So, agriculture is constantly looking for new ways to produce and distribute the food it needs.

IS THIS COURSE FIT FOR ME?

Of course, before choosing a course, you must decide for yourself whether you are really interested in farming. You will have to spend a lot of time outdoors doing research. In addition, it will take a lot of time to study theoretical frameworks such as the foundations of production systems and environmental sciences.

To succeed in your Agriculture course, you need to do more than just love nature, but work hard and hard. If all of this suits you, then a degree in Agriculture will open up a wide range of career opportunities for you.

CAREER PERSPECTIVES

Agriculture is not only concerned with the production and distribution of food. It also plays an important role in the preservation of villages and hamlets. In the conditions of technological progress and social development, people who will be engaged in agriculture are simply needed. The preservation of the environment and natural resources largely depends on them.

The agricultural industry is becoming more and more global. Therefore, earning a degree in this field guarantees a wide variety of jobs. In addition, if you are interested not only in agriculture, but also, for example, environmental protection, you can engage in scientific research in related fields.

The average salary for an Agriculture graduate in the UK is £ 18,933 per year. Although, of course, the amount depends on the region you have chosen and on the country. In addition, many graduates are engaged in research work, combining it with practice. And finally, after completing the course in Agriculture, you can apply your knowledge in business, even in the field of legislation.

AGRICULTURE STUDY

There are ample opportunities for those who want to study Agriculture. You can choose any level, as well as any specialization or field of study. An example is management specialties (in rural areas) or soil science.

Agriculture

In this article, we will consider what branches of agriculture exist. Let's define the goals and objectives of the agro-industrial complex (AIC). Let's take a closer look at 2 main industries - crop and livestock.

Agro-industrial complex (AIC)

Agro-industrial complex (AIC) is a combination of sectors of the economy that produce, process and bring agricultural products to the end consumer.

  • Ensuring food security of the country
  • Meeting the demand of the country's population for non-food products from agricultural raw materials
  • Striving for better use of the country's resource potential , increasing production efficiency through the introduction of new technologies and the use of scientific research data
  • Carrying out various measures to ensure a rational structure of trade turnover in the foreign market, supporting the country as an exporter of agricultural products
  • Main goal the creation of an agro-industrial complex - the satisfaction of social needs for food and agricultural raw materials in combination with the rational use of natural resources.

The main task of the agro-industrial complex is to increase the quantity and quality of manufactured products while reducing costs per unit. Agriculture is important in the economy of any country, including Russia.

The basis of the agro-industrial complex is agriculture. But this industry does not function on its own, it is closely linked with the production of agricultural machinery, fertilizers and pesticides, as well as with scientific activities aimed at developing new varieties of plants and animal breeds.

Thus, the agro-industrial complex includes three stages of production:

These are industries that serve agriculture. Production of tractors, harvesters, milking machines, land reclamation systems and any other equipment used in agricultural production. This link also includes the production of fertilizers and pesticides designed to protect plants from diseases and pests. Construction of premises for agricultural production. This stage links industry and agriculture.

Agriculture itself: agriculture and animal husbandry. This link is central to this system. It uses the results of activities of the 1st link and creates raw materials for the 3rd link.

Includes industries that are focused on the processing of agricultural raw materials into products. At this stage, flour is ground from the produced wheat, bread is baked, and cereals are made. In other words, they bring the product to the end consumer. The main tasks here are to ensure product processing, packaging, storage, transportation, sale.

Specific features of the agricultural industry

Agriculture is subject to the influence of general economic laws, which manifest themselves in other sectors of the national economy. However, when managing the agro-industrial complex, one should take into account the specific features of the industry:

  • A product made in the field of agriculture is irreplaceable
  • The main means of production is land, it is not produced by man, its volume cannot be increased. The earth improves its qualities only when it is used correctly. With the abuse of soil fertility, with the excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers, the land loses its useful properties, turning into a rootless desert.
  • Agriculture is biological. The means of production here are plants and animals. Thus, the role of a living organism is very high, which emphasizes the need to create better conditions for its development.
  • Dependence on natural conditions is very high. The specificity of production lies in its seasonality. In crop production, this is due to the length of the growing season, plant demand for heat and light, in animal husbandry - with the provision of a forage base. Changes in weather conditions provoke uneven use of labor resources throughout the year, uneven production and cash flow.
  • In agriculture, the subject of labor (plants) remain in one place, and the tools of labor (tractors and machines) are mobile. In industry, on the contrary (the machines are always in the factory, and the manufactured products are distributed). Thus, agriculture has a greater need for energy resources than other sectors of the national economy.

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