2016 was held in our country as the year of the English language in Ukraine. Considering the role of "English" in international communication, Petro Poroshenko issued a corresponding decree. In addition, Great Britain is one of the strategically important partners for Ukraine. Thus, Natalia Mikolskaya, Deputy Minister of Economic Development and Trade, Trade Representative of Ukraine, at the end of last year, reported that the basket of trade with Great Britain is growing steadily.
Thus, in 2016, positions appeared that relate to vegetables and fruits that were not there before. Recall that, according to the official, the Ukrainian agribusiness will be able to trade with the British according to the "old" rules until 2019, that is, under the terms of the current agreement with the EU. Although some revision of the nature of Ukrainian-British relations is expected at the beginning of this year.
With all this in mind, Latifundist. om decided to take a closer look at the agricultural potential of foggy Albion by compiling a selection of the most significant facts about UK agriculture.
1. All known gazetteers and economic guides claim that agriculture in Great Britain is supported by only about 2% of the country's working population. However, this does not prevent the production of up to 75% of agricultural products consumed by the local population on the territory of the country. So, here the domestic needs for barley, oats, potatoes, pork, eggs, poultry, pork and milk can be fully covered by British-made products. As for imports, up to half of its volumes to the British Isles came from EU countries. The USA, Israel, Argentina, Egypt, countries of Central America and South Africa are also among the important importers. Thus, Great Britain imports up to 80% butter, 65% sugar, 50% wheat and bacon, as well as 25% beef and veal.
2. The agricultural sector of Great Britain used 19 million hectares of land for its needs, most of which is under natural pastures - 12 million hectares. Because of this, it is often called a country or kingdom of pastures. The remaining 7 million hectares are allotted for agriculture. That is, agriculture covers up to 80% of the territory of the island state.
3. The average size of UK farms ranges from 450 to 800 hectares. This is considered typical for post-industrial countries in Europe. There are many large landowners (landlords) in the country who often lease their land. This is especially true in the south-east of England.
4. Agriculture with a British accent is characterized by a high level of financial support from the state. As at the beginning of last year, Latifundist. om said Clive Blecker, an expert on precision farming at the Agricultural Sector Organization of the UK Department of Trade and Investment, the amount of subsidies for British farmers depends on the quality of the products and the type of activity. According to him, the amount can vary from € 60 to € 2 thousand per hectare.
5. The UK is renowned for the high yields of its winter crops, aided by its temperate climate with mild winters. For example, when using high-quality fungicides, British farmers collect 10 t/ha of winter wheat or more. The minimum costs for agricultural technologies will yield a yield of 5-6 t/ha of grain of this crop. Spring crops are inferior in a number of indicators. In general, the island state is considered one of the largest producers of feed wheat, malting barley, rapeseed for cooking oil and biodiesel. There are 2 million hectares of agricultural land under grain crops, 321 thousand hectares of malting barley, and 700 thousand hectares of rapeseed.
6. The livestock sector in Great Britain is represented mainly by the cultivation of dairy and meat breeds of cattle, pigs, sheep and poultry. Beef production brings about £ 1.67 billion annually to the United Kingdom economy.Moreover, according to the British Department for International Trade (DIT), the UK is ranked 1st in the EU in lamb production, 2nd in poultry production and 4th - for raising cattle and calves. By the way, the UK exports 33% of mutton and 20% of beef. At the same time, self-produced feed (wheat, barley, fodder beet, cabbage, etc.) .) there is not enough pasture in the country, so a significant part of the resources is supplied from abroad, as mentioned earlier.
Rest on a farm is a great way to get away from the bustle of the city, regain peace of mind, distract children from computers and tablets, teach how to take care of animals, love and understand nature.
To see how grapes grow, where sheep graze and how real cheese is made - for many city dwellers, all this is a real exotic. Residents of megalopolises go on vacation to rural regions, learn to care for horses and rams, milk cows and harvest persimmons, make kurt and bake flat cakes on their own.