The nature of Australia is deservedly considered the most unusual, if not strange. At one time, this continent was part of Pangea, from which it broke away about 180 million years ago, sailing to the place of its current stay. As a result, the local flora and fauna have evolved in a completely unusual, bizarre way, a striking example of which are numerous marsupials.
Australia is famous for its deserts, of which there are more here than in Africa, the maximum number of poisonous snakes, an unusually dry climate, and with all this the most picturesque landscapes and beautiful waterfalls. It is not surprising that this continent has a fair number of national parks that preserve the amazing nature of this continent for posterity.
I must say that the local population of sapiens is also quite unusual. Suffice it to mention that dark-skinned curly blondes are in the order of things here. The ancestors of these strange people, who manage to survive in unthinkable conditions, arrived here about 40 thousand years ago, and were able to adapt to Australian realities. They lived, as befits primitive people, in complete harmony with nature, which they revered in their rituals.
However, when the enlightened European colonists came to the continent, they first of all decided that natural resources could not be depleted, which resulted in large-scale deforestation and the destruction of local animals and plants.
As a result, already in the first half of the 19th century, it became clear to the most reasonable representatives of the new Australian society that, if they didn’t catch themselves, the mainland would turn into a desert not only partially, but completely. This had its effect and in 1866 the first nature reserve was organized in Australia.
Subsequently, this initiative was continued, although intensive cattle breeding to this day leads to the desertification of a significant number of steppe areas.
13 years after the opening of the first reserve, the Royal National Park was organized, which was supposed to preserve the local bizarre nature. Now reserves and national parks occupy almost 6% of the mainland.
Some of these territories simply prohibit conducting any economic activity, while some areas are closed even for visiting (only scientists are allowed there to conduct research).
Hopefully, the situation will not get worse. You can count on this, if only from the fact that at the beginning of the 20th century there were only 4 reserves in Australia, while after 90 years their number has increased to 782, and eight of them were declared part of the world heritage.
Far Australia, or as it is also called - "green continent", is not so widely known in our country. Traveling there is a real adventure. What do we know about Australia? The fact that there are kangaroos, dingo dogs, that the mainland was colonized by the British, and the first settlers were criminals, that it is very far away, that there are few cities there. Today in our article we want to talk about the Australian city - Adelaide, whose windows of houses look proudly into the Indian Ocean.
Adelaide is one of the largest cities on the mainland, and also the largest in the state of South Australia. The population is approaching 1.3 million. Geographically, Adelaide is located on flat tracts of land and overlooks the Bay of St. Vincent. There are many commercial establishments in the city. It is customary to refer to the resident as Adelaide.
The city is named after the wife of William IV, who was the reigning monarch of Britain in the year of its foundation (1836). At the time of colonization, this area was inhabited by the Kaurna aborigines, whose rituals were as wonderful as they were deplorable - they could easily survive several hectares of forest during a ritual session. When Europeans came here, the aborigines became oppressed and by 1852 they almost completely left their habitat, going deep into the interior of the mainland. At the end of the 19th century, the continent was going through difficult economic times, the banks of Sydney and Melbourne were closed, and only Adelaide institutions were able to withstand the crisis.
Currently, Adelaide is a very well-kept city with a great layout, clean streets and happy citizens. Local beaches attract foreigners every year, and surfing here is almost a sport # 1. Picturesque beaches are in harmony with the urban reality, with large shopping centers and national parks, where you can easily meet a koala.
The main air gate of the city is located eight kilometers away. The local airport is very busy, as the number of regular flights is only increasing. You can go from Russia to Adelaide by a transit flight, by airlines - Malaysia Airlines, Qantas and Singapore Airlines. You can also take flights to Sydney, and from there you have to cross over thanks to Australian airlines.
A modern Skylink bus runs constantly from the airport. Stops every half hour at a specialized stop. The fare is $ 10. You can take a taxi, it will cost $ 15-20.
The Mediterranean climate keeps temperatures at a comfortable level without strong fluctuations. Moreover, winter is warmer than summer. In January the average temperature is + 22'C, in July + 13'C. There is little precipitation, if it rains, it is only in winter, abruptly. In summer, it is difficult to make a forecast for rains, but if they start, they are usually very short-lived.
Snowfalls are extremely rare on the flat part of the city. Snow falls on Mount Lofty. According to a survey of residents (Australians like to arrange social surveys, on the most ridiculous things), the weather conditions suit everyone, some of the respondents wished it was a little hotter, but in general they consider themselves satisfied.
Adelaide has great opportunities for shopping enthusiasts. The city keeps up with the times and is in no way inferior to European ones. Large shopping centers, where boutiques and shops of famous brands are located, are full of signs.
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