In the case of a PS, the survivalist will most likely be located in sparsely populated areas with an underdeveloped network of medical institutions.
In this situation, it may be necessary to provide first aid to victims in case of accidents.
Survivors in most cases do not have special knowledge in medicine, leaving the study of this issue “for later”. Injuries in the case of PD will differ in the specificity and variety of injuries both in nature and in their localization.
The injury severity rate will be quite high. One of the reasons for this will be unqualified first (pre-medical) medical aid, the lack of appropriate medications, which will lead to an increase in the recovery time of the victims.
Thus, in order to improve the organization of first aid and measures for caring for victims in case of a delay in evacuation in the field, it is necessary to solve three questions: 1. Where is medical aid provided? 2. Who provides medical care? 3. What funds are needed to provide medical care?
Two main components are important in the work of a physician: - theoretical knowledge and practical skills (qualifications); - medical kits, special equipment and equipment (equipment)
The following requirements must be met for medical kits: 1. Compactness. 2. Small weight. 3. Ease of use. 4. Safety of use. 5. Availability and low cost 6. Functionality and interchangeability of individual units 7. Strength of packaging of first-aid kits. 8. Long terms and low requirements for storage conditions.
As a rule, they come out most often in groups of 2-4 people for a period of several days. In case of injury, assistance is provided at the scene by the victim himself or his friend. Self-help and mutual assistance does not require high qualifications, it is carried out using available medicines and improvised means.
All drugs listed below are used only after medical training - consult with the nearest familiar physician. Be sure to attach a sheet with this article to the first aid kit - in what dosage to take and when.
Pain relievers: 1. TRAMAL is a non-narcotic analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic agent, has an anti-shock effect. Available in 2 ml ampoules. It is used for intense pain in trauma, intractable angina attack, burns, various types of shock. It is used for intramuscular injection of 1-2 ml 2-3 times a day. 2. BARALGIN (maxigan, spazgan, spazmalgon) - an anesthetic with an antispasmodic effect (renal, hepatic, intestinal colic - relieving spasms). Available in 5 ml ampoules. It is used intramuscularly 2-3 times a day, or intravenously 3-4 times a day (depending on the intensity of the pain). 3. NOVOCAINE (0.5%) - local anesthetic - for local anesthesia. Available in ampoules of 2, 5, 10 ml. Injected orally, subcutaneously, intramuscularly. Indications: angioneuralgia, toothache, burns of eyes, skin, pharynx, esophagus, trauma, scorpion stings, traumatic shock. Antihistamines, anti-inflammatory drugs: 4. Prednisolone (hydrocortisone, dexamethasone) - a hormonal drug that has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic action, has an anti-shock effect. Available in ampoules of 30 mg (1 ml) REANIMATION KIT PREPARATION! Indications: bronchial asthma (severe attack), botulism, anaphylactic allergic reaction, allergic edema of the upper respiratory tract (Quincke's edema), collapse (decreased pressure), poisoning, aspiration syndrome, severe intoxication, accompanied by impaired liver and kidney function (hepatic renal failure ), snake bites, scorpion stings. Contraindications: diabetes, severe arterial hypertension. It is used intramuscularly or intravenously at 30 mg. It is injected intravenously in dilution with saline or glucose. 5. TAVEGIL (suprastin, diphenhydramine, pipolfen) - has antiallergic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, antiemetic effect. Available in 1 mg tablets and 2 ml ampoules containing 2 mg of the drug. Is taken orally 1 mg (1 table) again. Intramuscularly 2 mg is injected. Cardiotropic (cardiovascular) drugs: 6. CORDIAMINE - improves the functions of the cardiovascular system and respiration in shock, asphyxia, poisoning, infection, stimulates the activity of vital centers, increases blood pressure. Available in 2 ml ampoules. Used intramuscularly and subcutaneously, 2 ml. 7. ADRENALINE - REANIMATION KIT PREPARATION - stimulates the cardiovascular system, increases the strength and heart rate, increases blood pressure, relieves bronchospasm, is used in cardiac arrest. Available in ampoules of 1 ml of 0.1% solution. It is used intravenously at 0.25-1 ml (in case of cardiac arrest). 8. Euphillin is a vasodilator, antispasmodic drug, used for bronchial asthma, shortness of breath, cerebrovascular accident, migraines, high blood pressure. Available in ampoules of 1 ml of a 24% solution (240 mg). Introduced intramuscularly slowly. Adverse reactions: the appearance of nausea, vomiting with rapid administration.
How to assemble a car emergency kit in case of an emergency in winter? How to properly prepare the car and what to check first? What skills should a driver have in case of an emergency on the road?
Note: the author of the original article, Bryan Black, proceeded from his personal experience of living in Texas (where the temperature rarely drops below 0 ° C in winter), and with severe frosts and the peculiarities of preparation for them, apparently, did not come across. For information on how to assemble an emergency kit for your car in case of a really harsh winter, see the article “Night of Ice Horror. The cause of the snow tragedy near Orenburg ”.
Even if you live in a relatively warm country or part of the country, this does not mean that you do not need to prepare for the arrival of winter. And this concerns motorists almost in the first place. Even those who are "40 years behind the wheel" and whom all police officers in the district know, are respected and do not slow down over trifles.
It is best to prepare for winter in advance, without waiting for the immediate snowfall and the transformation of the road into a skating rink. To do this, it is necessary to a) prepare the car itself, and b) assemble a special "winter emergency kit for the car", which will include tools, special equipment and things. And now we will tell you what you will need to pay attention to when preparing.
An independent and periodic check of the technical condition of a car is an obvious thing, but for some reason many people forget. It implies checking and, if possible, replacing technical fluids, as well as maintaining their quantity at the desired level. In this case, we are talking about the three most important things: antifreeze, fuel, anti-freeze. Antifreeze is needed for the normal operation of the engine and heating system, a special “winter” antifreeze liquid poured into the washer reservoir on time will make it possible to clean the glass and maintain visibility and control over the road, and a full tank will provide room for maneuver in difficult situations. Or if you have to wait out bad weather in the car - only a running engine will provide warmth in the cabin.
In addition, you will need to flush the cooling system every couple of years. This is because the rust inhibitors in antifreeze deteriorate over time and form a sludge that prevents the system from doing its job efficiently. Timely flushing will help avoid clogging.
As for the entire list of elements that must be checked and maintained, it looks like this:
One of the most important things in winter conditions. The problem is that they still need to be chosen correctly. We advise you to immediately forget about cheap Chinese models, and focus on stranded copper wires and copper "crocodiles" with a corrugated connection at the points of attachment to the cables. It is also better to forget about soldered joints, since bad solder can melt at the most unpleasant moment.
Copper-plated crocodiles are an option, but worse than solid copper. And the longer the cables, the better. Optimally - 5 meters, but more is possible.
Yes, most of us have a flashlight an integral part of the EDC, but that doesn't mean a spare light shouldn't be in the glove compartment somewhere.
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