Volgograd is most often viewed as a destination for a day trip or they stop by on their way to other southern cities. However, it is worth staying here a little longer to feel the atmosphere of the hero city, almost completely rebuilt after the destruction of the Great Patriotic War. In addition to visiting the majestic monument "Motherland Calls!" and other war memorials, here you can get acquainted with the more ancient past of the city.
Volgograd in 3 days is an opportunity to get to know the city not only as the site of the legendary Battle of Stalingrad. You will have time to walk along the streets that have preserved their appearance since the time when the city was called Tsaritsyn, visit the colony founded under Catherine II, and look at one of the largest hydroelectric power plants in Europe. Of interest are natural attractions in the vicinity of Volgograd, the road to which will take from 3 hours, which is suitable for travelers who stay here for several days.
It is convenient to start the tour of the historical center of Volgograd at the Railway Station Square, where the railway station is located. In front of it you will see the Barmalei fountain, made in 2013 after the pre-war fountain. The composition with a round dance of children against the background of the destruction caused by air strikes appeared in a photograph of 1942 and made an indelible impression on the contrast of smiling children and the ruins of the city.
From the square, walk towards several architectural monuments of the pre-revolutionary period. On the street Gogol, there is a red-brick mansion of the Repnikovs, which houses the Memorial and Historical Museum of Volgograd with an exposition about the Civil War. If you walk along Kommunisticheskaya Street, you will see the Tsaritsyn fire brigade building, restored according to the original of the 19th century.
Then go to the Square of the Fallen Fighters past the monument to Alexander Nevsky and the New Experimental Theater in the building of the early XX century. In the Alexander Garden, the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral is being rebuilt, which was located on the Square of the Fallen Fighters until it was blown up in the 1930s. It is worth walking along Volgodonskaya Street with several merchant houses of the late 19th century.
On the Square of the Fallen Fighters you will see an obelisk to the defenders of the Red Tsaritsyn near the grave of the Red Guards. Many were also buried in the mass grave during the Great Patriotic War, and the Eternal Flame was lit in their memory. Not far from the grave of the three Heroes, there is a poplar tree that survived the military battles. The green area with memorials is surrounded by post-war buildings. Do not be discouraged by Stalinist neoclassicism, in the style of which many buildings in restored Stalingrad were built. The monumentality was intended to reflect the heroic and difficult times of the war experienced. The central department store on the square was rebuilt after the war; it houses the Memory Museum. The expositions tell about the headquarters of the German commander F. Paulus located in the basement and his capture.
Go along the Alley of Heroes to the central embankment named after the 62nd Army. First you will see the Art Fountain from 1957. Nearby there are two propylaea - structures with 8 columns, from which the central staircase begins. It connects the upper and lower tiers of the embankment. Steam shipping on the Volga was actively developing at the beginning of the 19th century, many merchant ships stopped at the Tsaritsyn port, but the improvement of the area near the water began only at the beginning of the 20th century. Then a landslide practically destroyed the embankment, and re-ennobled the space along the river in the 1930s. After the war, restoration work began, which was completed by 1952. The staircase was built on the site of a military crossing, now during the holidays it is used as an amphitheater. There are various monuments on the embankment, pay attention to the Church of John the Baptist (2001), erected on the site of the first stone church of Tsaritsyn.
There is a "Rodimtsev Wall" on the embankment - a memorable place where Major General Rodimtsev's division landed, which came to the rescue in the battles for Stalingrad. Above it is a panoramic museum "Battle of Stalingrad" with a large-scale canvas about the defeat of the enemy at Stalingrad. In addition to the panorama, in the halls of the museum are exhibited items related to the Battle of Stalingrad - personal belongings of the participants in the battle, photographs, weapons. Next to the futuristic building of the museum, Gerhardt's mill is left in a dilapidated state. This building was significantly damaged during the battles, and its appearance continues to remind of the destructive power of war. In front of the mill there is a second fountain "Barmaley", which looks almost like in the photo of the war years against its background. It is also worth going to Pavlov's house, where our soldiers were holding the defenses. The house was rebuilt after the fighting, a memorial wall was installed on it.
What to see in Volgograd in 3 days? One of the "Seven Wonders of Russia" is Mamaev Kurgan. This is the main city attraction, consisting of a complex of objects "To the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad". During the war, the height of the mound was called "height 102". Capturing and holding this height was of strategic importance for each of the sides, from here there was a good view and opportunities for shelling, so numerous heavy battles took place here. However, the feat of the defenders of Stalingrad made a turning point in the war. His memory is immortalized in a large-scale historical and memorial complex. The main object is the sculpture "The Motherland Calls!" 85 m high. Together with it, the ensemble is made up of several squares and sculptures, bas-reliefs, wall-ruins, a memorial cemetery, the Hall of Military Glory with the Eternal Flame.
Mamayev Kurgan can be reached by metro tram - this is a high-speed Volgograd tram, most of the stations of which are underground. Tourists recommend subway rides as one of the city's attractions. From Mamaev Kurgan you can go down to the Volgograd Arena stadium, built for the 2018 World Cup. For rest, you can stay in the central park of culture and recreation with attractions and a Ferris wheel.
Volgograd in 2 days - this is a program with a visit to the famous memorial complex "Mamayev Kurgan", memorable places about the war and the Battle of Stalingrad, as well as visits to museums. Usually they come here in the warm season, in which case it will be possible to see the sights from the water by going on a river walk. Some people plan their days off in Volgograd for the May holidays to spend the great Victory Day in the city where the landmark battle of the Great Patriotic War - the Battle of Stalingrad - took place.
What to visit in Volgograd in 2 days? One of the travel days should be devoted to visiting the main memorials. The proposed route can be walked in the opposite direction, and you can see the sculptures on the Mamayev Kurgan in the evening illumination. It is convenient to get around the city on the metro tram - a local high-speed tram, which is one of the attractions. Most of the metro trail stops are underground, so it is compared to the metro, the movement along the first section of the Volgograd metro prototype was started in 1984.
What to see in Volgograd in 2 days? Tourists tend to see the main attraction - the historical memorial complex "To the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" on the Mamayev Kurgan. The entrance is open around the clock, but there will be fewer visitors in the early morning. If you are staying in the city center, then it will be convenient to get here by subway.
The slope of the mound played a special role in the battles for the city during the Great Patriotic War. Confirmation of the terrible battles at this place is the huge number of shell fragments found. It is known that in 1943 the slope was not even covered with greenery. After the end of the war, it was decided to erect a majestic monument here in memory of the heroism of those who fought and of the tragedy that brought many losses. Several compositions have been created in the ensemble of the large-scale complex, among which the sculpture “The Motherland Calls!” Occupies a key place. The author of the complex E. Vuchetich portrayed a strong-willed woman with a sword, calling the people to victory over the enemy. On the way to it, you will see other impressive objects of the memorial: the alley of pyramidal poplars, the square of those who stood to death, wall-ruins with soundtracks that convey the atmosphere of war (sounds of shots and announcer announcements), Heroes' Square, a monumental relief with images of the Battle of Stalingrad, Square of Sorrow, Hall of Military Glory with the Eternal Flame, All Saints Temple. The territory also contains the graves of the fallen soldiers, the Stalin Museum. In the Hall of Military Glory, a change of the guard of honor takes place every hour.
The Historical and Memorial Complex on the Mamayev Kurgan belongs to the Battle of Stalingrad Museum-Reserve, as well as the Panorama Museum (3 km from the Kurgan). The building of this museum was built on the site where Rodimtsev's division landed, which played an important role in the defense of the city in the Great Patriotic War. Below, on the embankment near the pier, a commemorative inscription was made on the "Rodimtsev Wall". In the rotunda of the museum there is a panorama "The defeat of the Nazi troops at Stalingrad", which occupies an area of about 2 thousand square meters. on canvas and about a thousand square meters. scenery. Expositions in other museum halls are dedicated to the Battle of Stalingrad, here you can see models and many original items - a radio reproducer, an aerial bomb and other ammunition, orders, photographs and documents.
Near the museum building there are ruins that remained intact after the war. This is the former Gergardt (Grudinin) mill, used for defense due to its strong walls. A fountain "Barmaley" is installed near it, unlike the sculpture of the same name on the Railway Station Square, it most resembles a fountain from a wartime photograph. Nearby, explore another memorial site of the Battle of Stalingrad - Pavlov's House. This is a residential building in which the soldiers of the Soviet army defended. It has been rebuilt with a memorial wall.
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