What is travel journalism: history, genre features and classification

What is travel journalism: history, genre features and classification

Travel journalism is now far removed from the historical concept of travel notes. Nowadays, this is a special layer in the mass media that talks about travel, revealing the topic through aspects such as geography, culture, history, the specifics of tourism, religion and others that arouse public interest.

Today, travel journalism is considered the least studied area, the attitude towards which is sometimes even "frivolous." What is the reason for this, what is such journalism, what tasks does it have and what problems does it solve? I and the authors of well-known journalism textbooks will answer these questions.

History

Before the era of the ubiquitous spread of the Internet, only professionals could create content on the topic of travel, telling how people live in other countries, how their life and customs differ, what exoticism can be seen there. Moreover, such manuscripts appeared a long time ago, for example, "Walking the Three Seas" by Afanasy Nikitin - this is a work of Old Russian literature.

Nevertheless, as a direction of journalism, this type has emerged in the 21st century, when writing essays and travel notes were replaced by technologies that allow to expand the potential of travel messages - the Internet, various technical devices, and also there was a need people traveling and getting information about it. All this gave rise to the travel journalism that we see now - not only professional, but also custom, such as blogs, extended messages on social networks, and much more.

This phenomenon, which has given rise to a variety of amateur travel journalism content, is called Travel 2., combining 2 terms, Travel and Web 2.. This content is very popular, as usually such information comes from people familiar to the reader, and therefore various reviews and links inspire trust and interest.

At the same time, the concepts of "travel journalist" and "travel blogger" appeared - terms that came from journalism, which designate people who are representatives of such activities as freelance writer, videographer, photographer. They create travel stories where impressions become information. Often in such messages there is an advertisement of one or another representative of tourist services, as well as lousy auxiliary services.

Definition and characteristics

The definition of travel journalism is given at the beginning of the article. This is a separate journalistic layer in the mass media space, telling about travel and providing information through the description of geography, culture, history, religion, tourism, economy, etc. Thanks to this complex of concepts, the reader receives the most complete information about the places of interest.

The essential difference of this type of journalism from others is that information here is more leisure than news, and therefore belongs to the direction of lifestyle (or lifestyle).

Among the signs, one feature can be called - a travel blogger journalist may be, while on the contrary - not. The blogger is not a journalist.

What is travel journalism: history, genre features and classification

If you are looking for a fascinating route to travel near Moscow, then you should definitely take a ride on the Yaroslavl highway. You may have been to these parts more than once, but look at your journey from a new perspective.

Yaroslavskoe shosse has become a red thread on the map passing near many attractions. Travel will become even more fun, especially if you plan small stops or excursions for the locations you like the most.

Yaroslavskoe shosse is also known as the Federal Highway called Kholmogory or M8 Highway.

The total length of the track is 1300 km. You may not even know how closely it is connected with many historical events in Russia. For example, it was along this road that Mikhail Lomonosov went to Moscow, and when in the Patriotic War of 1812 the capital was almost completely burned down by fire, the defeated residents left along this road from the hands of Napoleon. You can make an even more detailed immersion in history by getting to know other sights. Following in this direction along the way, you will meet the most interesting cities and settlements where you should definitely stop by: Mytishchi, Korolev, Ivanteevka, Pushkino, Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl, Vologda, Velsk and Arkhangelsk. These cities meet on your way.

In our article, we want to mention the most noteworthy locations of interest to travel lovers. Our route is for weekends. You may want to shorten it or, on the contrary, stretch it for longer. If you want to go for one day, then perhaps you should stop at the nearest and most iconic sights, but if you want your trip to be longer and more entertaining, then take courage and go on a long journey from Moscow to Arkhangelsk.

Mytishchi

The city of Mytishchi is the first on our way. The first mention of the city dates back to 1460. This year the city received its status. However, it has been in the status of a village since the beginning of the 15th century. If you are interested in learning more about the history of this city, you should definitely visit the History and Art Museum. In it you will find out more information about the city itself and about other notable areas of the area.

The exposition of the museum is divided into two zones - historical and artistic. A visit to the museum will allow you to learn about how the first Moscow water supply system was built. You will find out where the manors and architectural monuments of the 18th and 19th centuries are located. If you are interested in painting, then in the art hall you can see the products of the Zhostko masters, as well as old books of the 18th century.

Cherkizovo and Tarasovka

Approaching the twenty-seventh kilometer, signs on the road will show you the way to Cherkizovo and Tarasovka. These are the two oldest settlements in the Moscow region. Their birth dates back to 1573. They are famous for the fact that for 60 years it was here that the Sports Base of Moscow Spartak existed, and not far from the village of Tarasovka, Kedrin's dacha was located.

Muranovo Estate Museum

After 25 km, on 51 km of the highway, you can visit another unique manor. It is currently a museum. Initially, this estate belonged to Prince Obolentsky, but already in 1869 the estate became the property of the Tyutchev family. It was here that for many years a literary circle was supported, where the most famous people of that era gathered. If you are interested in literature and everything related to the writers and poets of this time, you should definitely immerse yourself in this atmosphere.

The exposition of the museum tells about the people who were participants in the literary circle, as well as about the owners of this estate. In addition to the halls of the museum, you will find a fascinating and pleasant walk through the adjacent territory - a beautiful park.

The history of travel journalism. Definition and characteristics of the concept. Types and genres of travel journalism. Examples from the media and blogs.

Many readers of Jules Verne's Around the World in 80 Days have set out to make the same journey. Is it real? Only avid adventurers can go on such a trip around the world, because trips from one country to another and constant movement in transport can be very tiring.

Travel itinerary based on the book "Around the World in Days"

If you focus on the book "Around the World in 80 Days", you can draw up a route along which Phileas Fogg traveled. However, instead of the old pack ball, modern travelers sail on comfortable liners.

The novel's route around the world included:

So, the journey through the book took 80 days. In the modern world, such a journey is quite possible and can be expanded. Traveling by plane from one country to another takes a maximum of a day instead of 22 days, which means there is time to visit other regions. In modern conditions, this trip can be repeated, cutting the time by almost half, if you just stop in each country for a few hours or even a day.

Since modern travel takes place in high-speed mode, the schedule described in the novel by Jules Verne will not work. To travel around the world in 80 days, you will have to stop in some countries for several days. It is better not to go alone and take a cheerful company with you.

You can make a route yourself, focusing on the list of countries in the book. It is especially interesting to stay for 2-5 days in China, Japan, Mumbai. It will also take time to explore New York and London. From these cities you can go anywhere in the world with a direct flight or with transfers, so it is better to set England and America as the starting points of the route in order to be able to continue the journey without delay.

Is it possible to travel around the world in days

On modern transport - airplane, buses and trains, you can go around almost all major countries in 80 days and at the same time go around the Earth. You can arrange for yourself a long vacation at any time of the year, because if it is winter in Russia, then it will be summer in the other hemisphere, which means you do not need to worry about the weather and air temperature.

When traveling around the world, include Venice in the itinerary. One or two days should be devoted to viewing this city.

Then you can go to the pyramids in Giza, look at the Great Sphinx, which is one of the seven wonders of the world. Also, the route should definitely include the rainforest reserve - Big Nicobar, located in the southern point of India. On average, if you spend 3 days on each country and add 1 day for the road, then in 80 days you will be able to visit 20 countries - an impressive figure.

Start of the journey

The best place to start your trip is in England, from King's Cross Station. From there, following the route of the protagonist of the book by Jules Verne, you should take a train to Folkestone, then change to a ferry to France.

Not only in Europe, but also in Russia, you can find places where blood runs cold in your veins with horror. If you are a lover of mysticism and the supernatural, go on a journey through 10 of the most terrifying places in our country.

Devil's Cemetery, Krasnoyarsk Territory

Over 70 people have disappeared in this place for several decades. A strange glade with a large hole in the center is located on a low mountain, and according to some sources it appeared only in 1908, after the fall of the Tunguska meteorite.

The place received such a name for a reason, people on the territory either died or disappeared. Even the cows died when they decided to eat the grass in the clearing. All the inhabitants of these places were resettled in the post-war years, but the old-timers said that any person who happened to be even near the clearing soon died or fell ill.

Interesting fact! In the eighties, researchers became interested in this place and began to search for the Devil's Cemetery, however, all the troops that were sent to the clearing disappeared. It was only possible to find the eerie clearing in 1991, and since then tourists have been visiting the cemetery from time to time.

But if you decide on an expedition, be sure to take into account a few rules: you should not pitch a tent closer than a kilometer from the cemetery, and it is better to park near the Deshemba River. It is also better to get to the cemetery by the river. For a hike, choose a day in the warm season - from May to June. Be sure to gather a large company or an experienced guide.

Mountain of the Dead, Sverdlovsk Region

The history of the expedition led by Igor Dyatlov is known not only in Russia, but all over the world. Are you ready to go to the same place? The group stopped on the mountain of the dead, and after a while everyone who was in the tents left them, practically without clothes, but injured.

However, Dyatlov's group is not the only one that died on the mountain. Because of the notoriety, tourists practically do not visit this place, only the most desperate decide. Despite the fact that nothing abnormal has happened on the mountain for a long time, people are still afraid to be on the Mountain of the Dead, especially on February 1, the day when Dyatlov's group died.

Dancing Forest, Kaliningrad Region

There is a famous "dancing" forest in the Curonian Spit park, which, despite its funny name, is an eerie place. The trees were planted back in 1961 and at first they grew evenly, but after a while it became noticeable that the pines were bending and taking on an unusual shape. This only happens in one area.

Many versions have been put forward according to which such an anomaly could occur. The most realistic ones are strong winds blowing in one direction or pests. However, none of these versions explains what is happening, because the pines are bent only in a small area, and those that stand nearby are even. You can go to the park and see for yourself. Surely, finding yourself among the dancing trees, you will feel something unusual, supernatural.

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