Any trip can threaten with emergency situations in which a first aid kit is useful. Therefore, you need to collect it on any trip. The necessary medicines and supplies should always be at hand. It is desirable that the kit contains drugs for any occasion.
When going on a tourist trip, you need to know the key rules for completing a first-aid kit. They will help you collect the medicines conveniently and correctly.
Here are some of them:
Healthy people should take their traditional medicine list with them. In other situations, this issue must be approached more seriously and carefully.
The classic tourist's first aid kit provides for the availability of basic drugs for different life situations. This will allow you to solve common problems on the road or during your holidays in time.
Medicines should be prepared by category and type:
It is important that all of these medications do not cause side effects. In addition, it is better to compactly complete 2-3 drugs of each category, and not carry too much of a list of funds.
When you go to the forest, to the mountains, to rafting, and if not for the first time, you seem to yourself very strong, completely invulnerable - such a Superman, Terminator and Koschey the Immortal in one person. In fact, anything can happen: either rubbed his heels bloody with old, tried-and-true trekking boots, then fell off the catamaran into cold water and caught a bad cold, then, God forgive me, my stomach was tight, and not a single bush on the slope ... you understand that you are not so much Superman and it's good that you always have a first-aid kit with you!
A first aid kit should be an integral part of a tourist's equipment. This is really the thing you don't need to go camping without. A first-aid kit should be included in the equipment of a hike of any degree of difficulty - whether it be a high pressure probe in the vicinity of Shuvakish or a two-month expedition to the North Pole.
The first thing to look out for is that the drugs that you will put in the medicine cabinet must have been tested by you earlier. It is necessary to familiarize yourself with the medications, read the instructions, dosage, side effects. Also, it will not be superfluous to put the annotations for medicines in your medicine cabinet.
Of course, the weight of the first aid kit is important for a hike (especially on foot). Try to keep weight to a minimum, such as removing glass vials from the medicine cabinet or pouring medicines into plastic ones. As a rule, boxes of pills do not fit into the first-aid kit (why carry extra waste paper), take care of duplicating the name and concentration of the medicine and the expiration date (write with a marker, for example, on a blister with pills) so that there is no confusion with the drugs during the trip.
Make a list of medicines (what and from what and in what concentration) and put it in the first-aid kit, this will make life much easier for those who do not know how to use this or that medicine from the tourist first-aid kit.
A rather important requirement regarding the packaging of a first-aid kit is that it must be rigid. Medicines should not be exposed to external influences. The first-aid kit must be hermetically sealed or have a sealed case, otherwise you run the risk of soaking the medicine somewhere on the roll or in the pouring rain. If the packaging of the first-aid kit does not have the function of tightness, then you can put it in a sealed bag. The first aid kit should have a bright color so that it can be easily recognized among other things (you can depict a red cross on the front side). Access to an emergency first aid kit should be as easy as possible, it should not lie somewhere in the middle of the backpack.
An individual first aid kit is something that each participant in the hike always has with him. In addition to "conventional medicines", an individual first-aid kit should include medicines for a specific disease that the participant of the hike has (if it is an allergy, then more antihistamines are put in an individual first-aid kit, if a core, then medicines for the heart, etc.).
The tourist's group first-aid kit is collected for the whole group. The packing of medicines is calculated by the number of days planned for the hike and its autonomy. For example, if you have a hike in the taiga for a month, where the nearest housing is 200-300 kilometers, the first-aid kit should be taken as extended as possible.
The number of medicines for a tourist first aid kit is very easy to calculate. Take as many medicines as possible to cure several people. That is, assistance to two victims and their transportation from the farthest point of the tourist route. But you need to understand: if more than two people fell ill in the group, then the trip must be stopped.
In pharmacies, you can buy ready-made kits for a first-aid kit, but it is better if the first-aid kit is completed independently, using the advice of a doctor, taking into account the specifics of the trip or travel, and the state of health of its participants.
The first aid kit should contain medicines for the treatment of colds, stomach upsets, headaches, cuts, bruises, minor burns and abrasions. A first aid kit must have a set of dressings and cotton wool, BF glue, iodine, brilliant green, ammonia, anti-inflammatory ointments, ethyl alcohol. All liquid medicines should be in a small, unbreakable package. The first aid kit is first placed in a solid container, and then in a waterproof bag.
individual packages 3 pcs. sterile bandages (narrow and wide) 4 pcs. thermometer 1 pc. rubber harness 1 pc. safety pins 6 pcs. scissors 1 pc. tweezers 1 pc. pipette 2 pcs. sterile cotton wool 100 g Vishnevsky ointment 50 g medical alcohol 100 g ammonia alcohol 25 g iodine tincture 5% 50 g potassium permanganate 1 sachet 2% hydrogen peroxide 100 g valerian drops 1 bottle valocordin or corvalol, cordiamine, validol 1 bottle each tooth drops 1 bottle of naphthyzin 1 bottle of acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) 20 tablets of analgin 20 tablets of sulfamidesin (streptocid) 20 tablets of pipolfen 20 tablets of no-spa 1 bottle of amidopyrine 20 tablets of besalol 20 tablets of cough tablets 10 pcs.
In addition, when going on a deliberately dangerous and difficult hike or journey, the first-aid kit should be additionally equipped with some medicines for injections, you need to take them with you:
caffeine, which is used to raise blood pressure in shock and bleeding (1 ml of a 10% solution); promedol, which is used as a strong pain reliever in trauma, burns, etc.; cititon or lobelin, which are used to excite the respiratory center in case of lightning, shock, during artificial respiration (1 ml is injected into the tongue); analgin anesthetic (a 50% solution is injected under the skin in an amount of 2 ml); atropine is used for poisoning with red fly agaric (1-2 ml is injected under the skin).
Tincture of valerian and lily of the valley take 15-20 drops for pain in the heart area 3-4 times a day. Cordiamine 15-20 drops 2-3 times a day for heart failure, large traumatic injuries. Validol 1 tablet 2-3 times a day for pain in the heart. Corvalol is taken in 20-30 drops for heart palpitations, pain in the heart. Can be taken as a mild sleeping pill. Nitroglycerin (one tablet contains 0.5 mg of nitroglycerin) is easily absorbed by the oral mucosa. It is used for angina pectoris, for acute attacks of pain in the region of the heart and behind the breastbone. Keep in mouth until completely absorbed. Nitroglycerin is stronger than validol, but just as short-lived. Sometimes it causes headaches. With low blood pressure, it is not recommended to take nitroglycerin. Shelf life is 2 years.
In this article, I would like to talk about how to assemble your own survival kit yourself. We will consider only the essentials, without which in no case should you go on a long hike. Also, such a set will come in handy even if you do not plan long outings into nature - situations are different, wherever you go - in the forest, in the mountains or going for a rafting, without a survival kit it is extremely risky to go.
Beginners always have questions about what to take with them on a hike and what not, many take with them a lot of unnecessary and completely unnecessary things, but if the hike is on foot, all this needs to be carried on yourself. Recently, easy-going tourism is gaining popularity, the whole point of which is just to take with you as little things as possible, light-walkers make their backpacks lighter in every possible way, use modern universal equipment, the ease of which lies in the uniqueness of the materials from which this equipment is made.
Therefore, the purpose of our article is to show what you really need to take with you on the road, and what is better to leave at home.
So, the essentials.
This is what you will make your fire with. It is better to use not ordinary, but hunting matches, and even better to have a flint with you, with the help of it you will always be able to make a fire in any weather. Read about how to make a fire without all of the above.
With the help of a knife you will do many useful things - you can open canned food, you can use it to cut something somewhere, butcher a killed animal, and you cannot do without it when preparing dinner. Which knife to choose is up to you, the main thing is that it is comfortable, sharp enough and reliable. Of course, it would be nice to have a good hunting knife made of good steel - Damascus or Damask steel, but from experience I will say that a knife with a hardness of 50 HRC on the hardness scale is perfect. In principle, now you can buy an excellent knife within 1000 rubles, or at worst, take at least an ordinary kitchen knife.
You can't do without her on a hike. This is a pot, mug, bowl and spoons. An aluminum pot and an aluminum mug are perfect.
Whether you are a seasoned outdoor adventurer or a casual hiker, you should always be ready to head out into nature. A first aid kit is something you won't need on most adventures, but in an emergency, you will surely regret leaving it behind. Cuts and scrapes, bites and sunburns, and irritating rashes are all common outdoor injuries that are easy to heal when you have the right equipment on hand.
Some people prefer to create their own first aid kit, but if you want to save yourself some hassle, take a look at our list of the best pre-prepared first aid kits for hiking and camping. We've done our research and put together a simple guide to help you choose the best first aid kit for your adventure.
Use and content
The first thing you'll want to consider before buying is how you plan to use your outdoor first aid kit. Are you a backpacker, would you like to have a storage kit in your car while camping, or are you planning a multi-day kayak trip?
The best outdoor first aid kit for family camping won't be the best first aid kit for wild mountaineering or water rafting. Likewise, an outdoor leader will need a more complete first aid kit than a solo hiker who follows popular, well-marked trails. A 100+ piece set would be a little big on a day hike, but is suitable for long hikes in the wild or group hikes.
The most essential medical subjects are the same no matter what sport you play. These items allow you to treat the most common outdoor injuries without medical training:
More comprehensive first aid kits also contain items such as artificial respiration kits, breathing aid or treatment and dressings for severe bleeding that require a certain level of first aid training. Some kits include over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, benadryl, and paracetamol, as well as insect bites, bug bites, and allergies, which are helpful for group travel. Others do not include medications, so you will need to purchase your own - the best option for outdoor enthusiasts with specific needs or medical conditions.
The best first aid kits for hiking are lightweight and compact. They should have a sturdy case with external straps to attach to the outside of the backpack. For day hikes, a hiking first aid kit may contain minimal supplies as backpackers can restock between uses. Whereas the best backpack first aid kit should have enough supplies for a few days and include the treatment of more serious wounds. Travel first aid kits may also include additional items such as water purification tablets, rehydration salts, and Sam's splint.
Find out what the Assuta clinic is famous for, Israel - official website, technical equipment of the medical complex, how the treatment is carried out, new research methods