For fans of extreme recreation and adventure, this type of recreation is especially interesting as speleotourism. Speleological tours are an opportunity for many tourists throughout the year to visit public and unequipped caves. For many tourists, this gives them the opportunity to touch the mysteries of the underworld and feel all its unique beauty.
Speleotourism is a journey through various caves. But to make such a trip you need special equipment.
Underground safety rules, in short:
Difficulty categories of caving routes:
Dangers of speleotourism
Landfalls. Usually occurs during and after heavy rainfall. The sections of the cave, where a collapse is possible, it is advisable to pass quickly while observing silence. And as a preventive measure, it is generally not worth visiting the caves during the rainy season.
Storm water flooding. Also happens during rains. In the event of a sudden flood, seek shelter above the water level.
Loss of orientation. When moving through the cave, it is advisable to look around more often, to remember the surroundings, and in order not to get lost, use the markings and more often check the diagram.
Stall and fall. Often happens due to the personal carelessness of the tourist, the equipment fails less often, although this does not mean that it does not need to be checked at the planning stage.
Gaseous cavities. Gas can accumulate in some caves. At the slightest suspicious smell, the cavity should be checked with an open flame. With an increased content of carbon dioxide, the flame will go out, in the presence of methane, it will flare up brighter. It is better not to linger in such places.
But, even in spite of all the dangers, it is worth at least once to try yourself in this exciting activity. Feel like a pioneer, feel the joy of learning new and unknown. And who knows, maybe in the near future, it is you who will give the name to the new, just opened cave.
The Vysota group of companies in St. Petersburg is engaged in the sale of equipment for mountaineering, and we also have high-altitude workers in our staff who perform high-altitude work with ease and professionalism. If you want to master any profession, we will help you with this! There are more than 70 professions in our training center.
Mountaineering - it is clear from the word itself - is directly related to the Alps. It was here that a little more than 200 years ago, people began to conquer high mountains. Traditionally, the beginning of mountaineering is associated with the ascent of Dr. Michel Paccard in company with a guide to the highest point of the Alps - Mont Blanc (4810 m).
At the foot of the mountain in the city of Chamonix, a monument was erected in honor of this event, depicting Paccard looking at Mont Blanc. Chamonix has since become famous as a major ski resort. Paying tribute to tradition, in 1924 the first Winter Olympics were held here.
Today, mountaineering for most people is a mixture of excitement, travel and extreme sports. But this was not always the case. During its development, mountaineering has been driven by various drivers. Historically, the following types of it can be distinguished.
Dr. Pakkar, being a human scientist, climbed Mont Blanc in 1786 in order to measure its height. He used a barometer to measure. Packard was wrong by 72 m or 1.5%, which can be attributed to an error in the technique and method of calculations at the time.
Later, throughout the 19th century, when most of the Alpine peaks first met people, it was scientific interest that drove people in their desire to conquer the peaks. For example, the first ascent to the highest mountain in Europe - Elbrus (832 m higher than the Alpine Mont Blanc) - was made by the expedition of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1829).
In the twentieth century. the goal of the climbers is changing. By the 1920s. there are no mountains left below 7 km that have not been visited by people. And there are not so many of those that are higher than 7 km. In addition, climbing to such a height requires a long time, equipment and financial resources. The driver of mountaineering in the twentieth century. become governments and people associated with it, who sponsor expeditions to the highest peaks of the planet.
A classic case of such an ascent is the conquest of the highest point of the planet - Chomolungma - by British citizen Edmund Hillary in company with Nepalese Tenzig Norgay in 1953
There is probably not a single mountain left on Earth that has not been visited by humans. The exploratory interest and political component of mountain climbing has given way to mountaineering as a sport. Athletes deliberately complicate the task in order to be able to set a new record. To do this, they:
Rafting on the river: features, places of interest, safety measures. All participants must undergo an introductory briefing, which contains instructions for action.
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